Category: Roman Empire

Categories: European History | World History


Imperium Romanum (Roman Empire)

The Roman Empire (Latin: Imperium Romanum) was the post-Republican period of the ancient Roman civilization, characterised by an autocratic form of government and large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The 500-year-old Roman Republic, which preceded it, had been destabilized through a series of civil wars. Several events marked the transition from Republic to Empire, including Julius Caesar's appointment as perpetual dictator (44 BC); the Battle of Actium (2 September 31 BC); and the granting of the honorific Augustus to Octavian by the Roman Senate (16 January 27 BC).

The first two centuries of the Empire were a period of unprecedented stability and prosperity known as the Pax Romana ("Roman Peace"). It reached its greatest expanse during the reign of Trajan (98–117 AD). In the 3rd century, the Empire underwent a crisis that threatened its existence, but was reunified and stabilized under the emperors Aurelian and Diocletian. Christians rose to power in the 4th century, during which time a system of dual rule was developed in the Latin West and Greek East. After the collapse of central government in the West in the 5th century, the eastern half continued as what would later be known as the Byzantine Empire.

Because of the Empire's vast extent and long endurance, the institutions and culture of Rome had a profound and lasting influence on the development of language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and forms of government in the territory it governed, particularly Europe, and by means of European expansionism throughout the modern world. [1]

Subcategories (6)


Pages (1)


Person Profiles (40)

A

North Africa, Western Roman Republic - 10 Jan 314 photo
Africa - abt 199 photo
abt 305 Rome, Roman Empire - 11 Dec 384 photo

B

abt 1 Bethsaida, Gaulanitis, Syria, Roman Empire - 67 photo
02 Oct 1802 Brunswick-Lüneburg, Holy Roman Empire - 15 Mar 1869

C

Salona, Dalmatia, Roman Empire - 22 Apr 296 photo
Roma, Roman Empire - Oct 235 photo

D

abt 330 - abt 381
75 Roma, Roman Empire - 115 photo
Roma, Roman Empire - Jun 253 photo
- 26 Dec 268 photo
Rome, Roman Empire - 30 Dec 274 photo
Rome, Roman Empire - 12 Apr 352 photo
310 Rome, Roman Empire - 24 Sep 366 photo

D cont.

06 Jan 255 Rome, Roman Empire - 16 Jan 309 photo
Rome, Roman Empire - 02 Aug 257 photo
Roma, Roman Empire - 230 photo
Roma, Roman Empire - 20 Dec 217 photo

E

Emesa, Syria - abt 20 Apr 168 photo
Epirus, Nicopolis - abt 24 May 193 photo

F

Roma, Roman Empire - 20 Jan 250 photo
Fondi, Campania, Roman Empire - abt 177 photo

G

Greece, Roman Empire - 17 Aug 310 photo
Greece, Roman Empire - abt 142 photo
Greece, Roman Empire - 06 Aug 258 photo

H

Volterra, Tuscany, Roman Empire - 23 Sep 76 photo

J

Greece, Roman Empire - abt 107 photo

L

Luni, Etruria, Roman Empire - 07 Dec 283 photo

P

Roma, Roman Empire - abt 128 photo
Roma, Roman Empire - 05 Mar 254 photo
Rome, Roman Empire - 07 Oct 336 photo
Rome, Roman Empire - 25 Oct 304 photo

R

Roma, Roman Empire - 92 photo
abt 35 Roma, Roman Empire - 99 photo
Petilia Policastro, Calabria, Roman Empire - 03 Jan 236 photo
Aquileia, Roman Empire - abt 161 photo
285 Rome, Roman Empire - 31 Dec 335 photo

T

Terranova da Sibari, Calabria, Roman Empire - abt 137 photo
334 Rome, Roman Empire - 26 Nov 399 photo

U





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