Category: Surrender of Montreal (1760)

Categories: French and Indian War Conflicts | Seven Years' War | New France Armed Forces


After the failed siege of Quebec, the British commanders were eager to bring the Conquest to a close. Thus, in September 1760, three British armies – led separately by James Murray, Brigadier William Havilland, and Major-General Jeffery Amherst – convened on the remaining French forces in Montreal. On 8 September 1760, to avoid another bloodbath, General Lévis and Governor General Pierre, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal surrendered the entire French colony of Canada. Thus, with the capitulation of Montreal, the British had effectively won the war. The details of the Conquest, however, still had to be sorted out between England and France. In line with the Old World's "rules of war", Britain assured the 60,000 to 70,000 Francophone inhabitants freedom from deportation and from confiscation of property, freedom of religion, the right to migrate to France, and equal treatment in the fur trade.

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Person Profiles (8)

01 Jun 1738 York, York, Maine - 06 Aug 1823
aft 19 Jul 1726 Newbury, Essex, Province of Massachusetts Bay - 01 Mar 1815
abt 1717 Ireland - 16 Sep 1784
bef 06 Mar 1716 Durham, Hartford, Connecticut Colony - abt 10 Sep 1774 photo
abt 18 Jan 1739 Milford, Connecticut - 1807 photo
02 Nov 1735 County Wexford, Ireland - 1813 photo
23 Aug 1735 Stenton, East Lothian, Scotland - abt 1805 photo
05 Aug 1731 Rowley, Essex, Massachusetts Bay - 14 Aug 1760




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