William Cavendish

William Cavendish (abt. 1505 - abt. 1557)

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Sir William Cavendish
Born about in Cavendish, Suffolk, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of
Husband of — married in Chesterfieldmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Blackfriars, Londonmap
Husband of — married (to ) in Bradgate, Leicester, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Chatsworth, Derbyshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 2 Dec 2010 | Last significant change: 1 Jan 2019
18:46: Rick Pierpont edited the Marriage Data for William Cavendish (abt.1505-abt.1557). [Thank Rick for this]
This page has been accessed 3,290 times.

Categories: This Day In History October 25 | 16th Century.

British Aristocracy
William Cavendish was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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Sir William Cavendish, KB (c.1505 – 25 Oct 1557).[1][2]

bur: All Hallows, Derby (All Saints)



William is the second son of Thomas Cavendish, clerk of the pipe, and Alice, daughter of John Smith of Padbrook Hall. He married three times, and only had three surviving sons ... all by his third wife, Bess of Hardwick.


m.1. Margaret "Anne" Bostock (d. 9 June 1540; bur. Jun 1540 St. Botolph's, Aldergate). Issue: 1 son; 4 dau.[3][4][5][6]

  • 1. Mary (d.aft 1547)[4]
  • 2. Anne
m. (1561) Sir Henry Baynton (Bainton; Boynton)[9][4][10]
m. Thomas Brook, esq., son of Thomas, Lord Conham[10]

m.2. (03 Nov 1542, Blackfriars, London) Elizabeth Parker (d.1545/6),[1] dau. of Thomas Parker of Poslingford, Suffolk. Issue: 3 [dau?] / no surviving issue.[3][11][12][13]

m.3 (20 Aug 1547) Elizabeth "Bess of Hardwick," Countess of Shrewsbury (1521 - bur. Feb 16 1607 All Saints).[14]Issue: 3 sons; 5 dau.[3]

  • 1. Henry (1550-1616) of Tutbury, Staff.[1][15]
m. Grace Talbot[5]
  • 2. William Cavendish of Chatsworth and Hardwick, 1st Earl of Devonshire (27 Dec 1552 – 3 Mar 1626).[16]
  • 3. Sir Charles (1553-1617) of Welbeck Abbey, Notts.[17]
m. Catherine Ogle[5][18]
  • Frances
m. Henry Pierrepont[4][19]
  • Temperance "died young"[20]
  • Elizabeth (d. Jan 1582)
m. (ante 22 Dec 1574) Charles Stuart, Earl of Lennox (d.1576)[21]
  • Mary (1556-1632)
m. Gilbert Talbot (1553- 08 May 1616)[22]
  • Lucrece "died young"[20]


  • Burgess for Thirsk
  • Privy Councillor
  • Knight of the Bath
  • Exchequer[4][23]
  • 1546 - 1553: Treasurer of the Chamber (Hen VIII)[4]


  • Northaw, Hertfordshire
  • began to build a mansion at Chatsworth, Edensor, Derbyshire.
  • Visitors of the monasteries[24]



  • Brodhurst, F. (1907). "Sir William Cavendish 1557." Derbyshire Archaeological Journal, 29, pp. 81-102. Google Books.[25]
  • "Cavendish, Sir William (c.1505-57), of Northaw, Herts. and Chatsworth, Derbys." HOP. Web.[26]
  • Cox, J.C. (1881). The Chronicles of the Collegiate Church Or Free Chapel of All Saints, Derby, pp. 130. Bemrose & Sons. Google Books.[27]
  • "Duke of Devonshire," (1790). The Peerage of England, Scotland and ireland, I, pp. 51-52. London. Google Books.[28]
  • Lee, S. (1887). Cavendish, William (1505?-1557) (DNB00). WikiSource.org. Web.[29]
  • Lewis, M. (n.d.). "Sir William Cavendish, Burgess of Thirsk, Treasurer of the Chamber of King Henry VIII #37832, b. circa 1505, d. 25 Oct 1557," citing Richardson; Cokayne; Burke. ORTNCA. Web.[30]
Citations and Notes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lewis, n.d.
  2. Cokayne, G.E. & Gibbs, V. (1910) The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I:257; IV:339; XI:713, 715;
    Jacksons Papers (Ref 12 ) refer to Collins Peerage 1779 Vol 1 p.288;
    A pedigree Coningsby of Hampton Court (RJCW Ref 5) Source Unknown but part author is George Coningsby D.D. rector of Pencombe + Visitation of Worcse;
    Letter from Barry Watson of Scaborough 28/1/99 RJCW Ref 43
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 HOP.[1]
    No issue, (Lee, 1887) vs. no surviving children (Wikipedia).[2]
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Wikipedia: William Cavendish (courtier)#Family (accessed 15 Jan 2014).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Lee, 1877.[3]
  6. Duke of Devonshire (1790), calls first wife "Anne," dau. of Edward Bostock, (p. 51)
  7. Wilson, G. (1851). The life of the Hon. Henry Cavendish, pp. 5. Google Books.[4]
  8. Collins (1756), confuses the first and second wives. This is evident not only by the fact that he calls Elizabeth Parker, "Margaret" ... but because he attributes the first wife's TOMB to the second. The give away is the burial date: Margaret Bostock was buried in June 1540, when Elizabeth Parker was still alive![5]
  9. Henry Baynton, (Lewis, n.d. citing Richardson).[6]
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Duke of Devonshire, 1790
    Notes and Queries (1882),[7], as well as Lundy (2009 citing email),[8] claim his second wife was Elizabeth Coningsby, dau. of Thomas Coningsby
    .... clerk to Cromwell by 1532; auditor and receiver for monastic lands by 3 Dec. 1533; commr. tenths of spiritualities, Herts. 1535, for monastic lands in Ireland 16 Aug 1540-2; auditor, ct. of augmentations 24 Apr 1536-46; j.p. liberty of St. Albans 1540, Herts. 1547, Herts. and Derbys. 1554; treasurer, the chamber 19 Feb. 1546-57, and ct. of gen. surveyors 19 Feb 1546-2 Jan 1547; sewer by 1547; steward for William, Lord Paget, unknown property.
    Lundy (2009), citing email from Robin J Conisbee Wood, also asserts that Coningby is the mother of Susan (b. 31 Oct 1543); Joan Cavendish (b. 5 Feb 1544/45); and Frances (b. 1546, d. c 1546).[9]better[citation needed]
    Jewitt, L.F.W. (1874), also names Elizabeth Coningsby as the second wife of William Cavendish, but he calls her the dau. of Sir Thomas Conyngsby and widow of William Paris, (p. 121).[10]
  12. Brodhurst, (1902), reprints the entry in Cavendish' pocketbook at Welbeck, which states that he married Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Parker of Postingford, Suffolk, at Black Fryars in London the day after All Souls Day in 34 Hen. VIII [1543], (p. 90). Brodhurst (1902), goes on to state that Elizabeth Parker died in 1545, and that her "three children died young."[11]
  13. Duke of Devonshire (1790), calls 2nd wife Margaret dau. of Thomas Parker of Poslingford, Suffolk, and states that she had no issue, (p. 52).[12]
  14. Cox, 1881.[13]
    Elizabeth Hardwick, (Lewis, n.d. citing Cokayne and Richardson).[14]
  15. Cavendish, Henry (1550-1616), of Tutbury, Staffs. HOP. Web.[15]
  16. Wikipedia: William Cavendish, 1st Earl of Devonshire;
    Cavendish William II (1551-1626), of Chatsworth and Hardwick, Derbys. HOP. Web.[16]
    Cavendish, William (d.1626) (DNB00). WikiSource.org.[17]
    Grove, J. (1764). "The life of William, the first earl of Devonshire," in the Lives of All the Earls and Dukes of Devonshire, Descended from the Renowned Sir William Cavendish. Google Books.[18]
  17. CAVENDISH, Sir Charles (1553-1617), of Welbeck Abbey, Notts. HOP. Web.[19]
  18. Ogle, H.A. (1902). Ogle And Bothal: A History of the Baronies of Ogle, Bothal, and Hepple, and of the Families of Ogle and Bertram. Print.[20]
  19. Flower, W. (1871). "Perpoynt" in the Visitations of the County of Nottingham in the Years 1569 and 1614, IV, pp. 56. The Publications of The Harleian Society. London: The Society. [21]
    Browning, C.H. (1891). Americans of Royal Descent: A Collection of Genealogies of American Families, 2nd ed, pp. 613. Philadelphia: Porter & Coates. Google Books.[22]
  20. 20.0 20.1 Wikipedia: Bess of Hardwick#Second marriage
  21. Wikipedia: Elizabeth Stuart, Countess of Lennox. Accessed 15 Jan 2014;
    Elizabeth Cavendish, (Lewis, n.d.).[23]
  22. Emerson, K. L. (2008). "A Who’s Who of Tudor Women: C-Ch." Kate Merson Historicals. Web. Accessed 15 Jan 2014.
  23. Accused of imbezzlement - saved by death, (HOP).[24]
  24. Wikipedia: Dissolution of the Monasteries
See Also...

  • Lundy, D. (2009, November 23). "William Cavendish #407404, b. circa 1504, d. 15 Oct 1557." The Peerage. Web.[31]CAUTION
  • Add a source...

Research Note

Note! There is much speculation as to the second wife of Sir William Cavendish. Shown in this profile as the current preferred Wife - Elizabeth Parker, this is backed up by the “Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (1879-1960)” published by the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, (46 volumes. London: Bemrose, 1879-1960), FHL book 942.51 B2a., vol. 29 p. 90. which contains the following very significant information:

In Sir William Cavendish's pocket book at Welbeck there is this entry:-- Md. that I was marryed unto Elizabeth my Wife, Daughter of Thomas Parker of Postingford in Suffolk, Esq., at the Black Fryars in London, the Morrowe after All Souls Daie, Anno 34, R.H. 8 (1543).(2nd Nov 1543) His Wife died 1545; her three children died young. The Assistant Curator Dr Sophie Littlewood, at Wellbeck says in August 2017:- We do indeed have a pocketbook written by Sir William Cavendish in the archives at Welbeck. I can confirm that it lists his marriage to Elizabeth at Black Friars, London on 3 November Anno 34 (1543). However, rather frustratingly, there is no surname mentioned and nor does this entry state that Elizabeth was the daughter of Thomas Parker of Postingford in Suffolk (as quoted in the Journal of the Derbyshire Archaeological and Natural History Society).

In the pocketbook, the children of Cavendish’s second marriage (to Elizabeth) are listed as Susan, Johan and an unnamed baby girl who died presumably shortly after birth.

The Blackfriar registers for the period in questin have been lost through time as indicated by the London Records Office.

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Images: 5
William Cavendish
William Cavendish

Cavendish descendants by Stevens (2008)
Cavendish descendants by Stevens (2008)

Cavendish pedigree by Hunter (1814)
Cavendish pedigree by Hunter (1814)

Memoirs of William Cavendish: Marriage entries
Memoirs of William Cavendish: Marriage entries

Tomb inscription of Margaret (Bostock) Cavendish
Tomb inscription of Margaret (Bostock) Cavendish


On 7 Jul 2017 at 16:35 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Which edition (year) of Richardson? He has a few editions and if I remember right, 2nd ed (2011), has been updated. Probably we should ask Liz ... she has the brand new version.

On 28 Jun 2017 at 14:12 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

In The publication Magna Charta Ancestry by Richardson there is on page 363 the following entry which appears now to have been derived from Collins and states that Genealogst n.s. 7 (1890): 66-67 (Derbyshire Reds.. 1569 & 1611) (Ca/endish ped.:-

‘William Cavendish. Treasurer of the Chamber to H. 8. Ed. 6. and Queen Mary. [1] = Margaret, da of... Bostokof co. Chester. 1 ux.. mar. 2ux. Elizabeth, da of... Conisby. [3] = Elizbeth.da of John Hadwickof Hadwick. Thus repeating the misinformation on the second wife.

On 28 Jun 2017 at 13:55 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

Note from Leicester Records Office:-

Blackfriars was an extra parochial liberty in the north west of the borough of Leicester and was originally the site of a Dominican Friary. We hold no surviving records relating to the friary. I have checked the index to John Nicholl’s extensive ‘History and Antiquities of Leicestershire’ published c1800 but could find no entry for any marriage of William Cavendish or either an Elizabeth Coningsby or Parker. As our marriage registers have recently been digitised and indexed on the family history website Findmypast , I also checked there to see if there was any reference to the marriage of William Cavendish but without any success.

On 25 Jun 2017 at 01:22 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

That implies that the date of death shown on Mr. Paris' profile is wrong... I think his relatives are advocating for a later date of death (seems to be a dispute or maybe it's just unsourced gedcom but the relatives are active).

On 24 Jun 2017 at 21:09 GMT John Atkinson wrote:

According to the biography of Bess of Hardwick by Mary S. Lovell, page. 44, William's second wife, was "Elizabeth Parris (formerly Conningsby, nee Parker)" which would indicate Elizabeth Parker was married 3 times, first to Mr Conningsby, second to Mr Parris, and thirdly to William Cavendish.

On 24 Jun 2017 at 20:51 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Reading through paper and cross-ref' notes...

On 21 Jun 2017 at 20:11 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Robinson (1873), published a pedigree from Hampton Court with additions by George Coningsby, DD... which states that Elizabeth Coningby married twice: first to William Paris, and then William Cavendish, sec. of Card. Wolsey / father of 1st Earl of Devonshire.[1] Stirnet seems to have published the same thing (see screenshot).[2]

I see another reference to Elizabeth's alleged marriage to William Cavendish in "The World of Fashion and Continental Feuilletons," (1824).[3]

On 21 Jun 2017 at 11:21 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

Just to add grist to the mill the DNB for William on Wikisource says that his second wife was called Margaret (NOT Elizabeth)see below extract:-

"Sir William married, first, Anne, daughter of Edward Bostock of Cheshire, by whom he had a son, who died young, and four daughters, two of whom died in infancy; secondly, Margaret (d. 16 June 1540), daughter of Thomas Parker of Poalingford, Suffolk, by whom there was no issue"

Clearly a further issue to resolve.

On 20 Jun 2017 at 23:26 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

Sweet! Great work Robin. I <3 a good mystery.

On 20 Jun 2017 at 15:33 GMT Robin Wood wrote:

Can anyone access the Black Friars REgister for the 2nd Nov 1543? This wil;l resolve the issue

more comments

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