Paul Cezanne was a celebrated French post-impressionist painter.
Paul Cezanne was born on 19 January 1839 in the hamlet of Puyricard, itself a section of Aix (now Aix-en-Provence). He was the son of Louis Auguste Cezanne, a native of Saint-Zacharie (Var), and Anne Elisabeth Aubert. He married Marie Hortense Fiquet on 28 October 1886 in Aix.
Paul Cezanne's father Louis Cezanne was the co-founder of a banking firm (Banque Cezanne et Cabasso) that was very prosperous and allowed Paul to live comfortably. in 1852 Cezanne entered the College Bourbon (now College Mignet) and became friends with Emile Zola and Baptistin Baille and the three became known as “les trois inséparables”. He was there 6 years and then attended the Tree. municipal School of Drawing. From 1858 to 1861 complying with father’s wishes, he attended law school at the University of Aix. In 1861 going against his father, he took off for Paris where his friend Zola was.
The years 1861 to 1870 were known as his dark years - dark colors and dark subject matter, works concerning a figure in the landscape. From 1870 to 1878 Cezanne met the Impressionist Pissarro a relationship developed as student-teacher then to a relationship on equal footing. From 1878 to 1890 he became more interested in working from observation and gradually developed a lighter, airy style. In his mature work, there developed a solidified style, almost architectural. He was into simplification of the naturally occurring forms down to their geometric essentials, treating nature by shapes: cylinders, spheres, comes etc. This shaping is believed to have inspired the embryonic “cubist” style of 20th century, totally changing the concept of art.
Note: The artist's last name is usually rendered today as Cézanne. However, his birth record clearly records the spelling as Cezanne, as does his marriage record.
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