Categories: Quebecois Project | Compagnie des Cent-Associés | Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-France | French Immigrants to New France | Persons of National Historic Significance | Explorers | Unconnected Notables of Canada | France, Needs Profiles Created.
||Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain lived in Canada, New France, now Québec, Canada.|
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Samuel de Champlain (French: [samɥɛl də ʃɑ̃plɛ̃] born Samuel Champlain; baptized on August 13, 1574[Note 2][Note 1] – December 25, 1635), "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements.
Born into a family of mariners, Champlain, while still a young man, began exploring North America in 1603 under the guidance of François Gravé Du Pont, his uncle. From 1604 to 1607 Champlain participated in the exploration and settlement of the first permanent European settlement north of Florida, Port Royal, Acadie (1604). Then, in 1608, he established the French settlement that is now Quebec City. [Note 3] Champlain was the first European to explore and describe the Great Lakes, and published maps of his journeys and accounts of what he learned from the natives and the French living among the Natives. He formed relationships with local Montagnais and Innu and later with others farther west (Ottawa River, Lake Nipissing, or Georgian Bay), with Algonquin and with Huron Wendat, and agreed to provide assistance in their wars against the Iroquois.
In 1620, Louis XIII of France ordered Champlain to cease exploration, return to Quebec, and devote himself to the administration of the country. [Note 4] In every way but formal title, Samuel de Champlain served as Governor of New France, a title that may have been formally unavailable to him owing to his non-noble status.[Note 5] He established trading companies that sent goods, primarily fur, to France, and oversaw the growth of New France in the St. Lawrence River valley until his death in 1635.
Champlain is memorialized as the "Father of New France" and "Father of Acadia", and many places, streets, and structures in northeastern North America bear his name, or have monuments established in his memory. The most notable of these is Lake Champlain, which straddles the border between northern New York and Vermont, extending slightly across the border into Canada. In 1609 he led an expedition up the Richelieu River and explored a long, narrow lake situated between the Green Mountains of present-day Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of present-day New York; he named the lake after himself as the first European to map and describe it.
His father, Antoine CHAMPLAIN, was a captain in the French navy, in which profession the son also received early training.
Son of Antoine CHAMPLAIN and Marguerite Le Roy
In 1627, Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal de Richelieu, formed the Company of 100 Associates to rule New France and placed Champlain in charge. He was the company's commander in New France from 1629 to 1635.
He was co-founder of a French settlement in Acadia (1604–1607) and Quebec (1608–1635).
Le lien vers BANQ contient un lien interne (voir la collection) permettant de voir les documents originaux.
Documents concernant Samuel de Champlain . - 1619-1635 : Portée et contenu: Ce dossier est composé des documents suivants: signature de Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635), sur une quittance, 26 mars 1619 (photostat); extrait du "Catalogue des Trepassez Au Lieu nommé Les Trois Rivières", 1635. 1 page (fac-similé); testament de Samuel de Champlain, 17 novembre 1635. 5 pages (xérox) avec signature d'Hélène Boullé; lettre de Champlain au roi, non-datée, 2 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); requête de Champlain à la Chambre de commerce, non-datée, 1 page (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); extrait de lettre de la Chambre de commerce, non-datée, 6 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); mémoire de Champlain au roi, non-daté, 8 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras) .
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On 11 Oct 2018 at 21:09 GMT Danielle Liard wrote:
As far as the reason France lost New France, having read both Gervais Carpin's work on the early days of colonisation and the mechanisms used to accomplish it, as well as Guy Frégault's work on the war of conquest, it boils down to 2 lacks: money and vision. The French crown did not spend a lot on colonisation but gave it over to companies like 100 Associés, who were mainly interested in the fur trade, not colonisation. They had requirements to colonise in their charters, but it was minimal. And when push came to shove in 1757-1760, the crown wasn't interested in spending more.
On 11 Oct 2018 at 15:46 GMT George Blanchard wrote:
The c1602 document offers insight regarding Samuel de Champlain's proposed colonization of North America to gain access to China via. the St. Lawrence River. Personally, because of my research and work on the WikiTree category page “Chronicles of New France”, I believe the King's exceedingly costly and unrelenting pursuit of the alleged route precipitated France's loss of the Louisiana Territory and, ultimately, the entirety of New France. Many profiles linked within the category "Chronicles of New France " contain documentation validating my belief.
On 11 Oct 2018 at 13:50 GMT Carl Savard wrote:
On 16 Aug 2018 at 01:03 GMT Mary-Liz Grisé wrote:
On 15 Aug 2018 at 23:47 GMT Cindy (Bourque) Cooper wrote:
On 9 Oct 2016 at 18:49 GMT George Blanchard wrote:
My message to Lianne:
Today I received notification re: “De Champlain-4 and Champlain-10 appear to represent the same person because: duplicates”.
You created Champlain-10 on 28 Oct 2014. De Champlain was created on 18 Sep 2016. Do you have interest in performing the merge, and perhaps resuming management of his profile?
On 9 Oct 2016 at 17:16 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote: