Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain

Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain (1574 - 1635)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Samuel de Champlain formerly Champlain
Born in La Rochelle, Aunis, Francemap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
[children unknown]
Died in Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 28 Oct 2014
This page has been accessed 1,135 times.

Categories: Quebecois Project | Compagnie des Cent-Associés | Québec, Canada, Nouvelle-France | French Immigrants to New France | Persons of National Historic Significance | Explorers | Unconnected Notables of Canada | France, Needs Profiles Created.

Royal French Flag
Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain lived in Canada, New France, now Québec, Canada.
Join: Quebecois Project
Discuss: quebecois

Contents

Biography

Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain a des origines françaises.

Samuel de Champlain (French: [samɥɛl də ʃɑ̃plɛ̃] born Samuel Champlain; baptized on August 13, 1574[1][2][Note 2][Note 1] – December 25, 1635), "The Father of New France", was a French navigator, cartographer, draughtsman, soldier, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, and chronicler. He founded New France and Quebec City on July 3, 1608. He is important to Canadian history because he made the first accurate map of the coast and he helped establish the settlements.

Born into a family of mariners, Champlain, while still a young man, began exploring North America in 1603 under the guidance of François Gravé Du Pont, his uncle.[3][4] From 1604 to 1607 Champlain participated in the exploration and settlement of the first permanent European settlement north of Florida, Port Royal, Acadie (1604). Then, in 1608, he established the French settlement that is now Quebec City. [Note 3] Champlain was the first European to explore and describe the Great Lakes, and published maps of his journeys and accounts of what he learned from the natives and the French living among the Natives. He formed relationships with local Montagnais and Innu and later with others farther west (Ottawa River, Lake Nipissing, or Georgian Bay), with Algonquin and with Huron Wendat, and agreed to provide assistance in their wars against the Iroquois.

Flag of France
Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain migrated from France to New France.
Flag of New France

In 1620, Louis XIII of France ordered Champlain to cease exploration, return to Quebec, and devote himself to the administration of the country. [Note 4] In every way but formal title, Samuel de Champlain served as Governor of New France, a title that may have been formally unavailable to him owing to his non-noble status.[Note 5] He established trading companies that sent goods, primarily fur, to France, and oversaw the growth of New France in the St. Lawrence River valley until his death in 1635.

Champlain is memorialized as the "Father of New France" and "Father of Acadia", and many places, streets, and structures in northeastern North America bear his name, or have monuments established in his memory. The most notable of these is Lake Champlain, which straddles the border between northern New York and Vermont, extending slightly across the border into Canada. In 1609 he led an expedition up the Richelieu River and explored a long, narrow lake situated between the Green Mountains of present-day Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of present-day New York; he named the lake after himself as the first European to map and describe it.

His father, Antoine CHAMPLAIN, was a captain in the French navy, in which profession the son also received early training.[2]

Son of Antoine CHAMPLAIN and Marguerite Le Roy

In 1627, Louis XIII's chief minister, Cardinal de Richelieu, formed the Company of 100 Associates to rule New France and placed Champlain in charge.[3] He was the company's commander in New France from 1629 to 1635.[4]

He was co-founder of a French settlement in Acadia (1604–1607) and Quebec (1608–1635).

Notes

Le lien vers BANQ contient un lien interne (voir la collection) permettant de voir les documents originaux.

Documents concernant Samuel de Champlain . - 1619-1635 : Portée et contenu: Ce dossier est composé des documents suivants: signature de Samuel de Champlain (1567?-1635), sur une quittance, 26 mars 1619 (photostat); extrait du "Catalogue des Trepassez Au Lieu nommé Les Trois Rivières", 1635. 1 page (fac-similé); testament de Samuel de Champlain, 17 novembre 1635. 5 pages (xérox) avec signature d'Hélène Boullé; lettre de Champlain au roi, non-datée, 2 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); requête de Champlain à la Chambre de commerce, non-datée, 1 page (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); extrait de lettre de la Chambre de commerce, non-datée, 6 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras); mémoire de Champlain au roi, non-daté, 8 pages (photostat d'une copie manuscrite incomplète de la Bibliothèque des Carpentras) .[5]


Des photos furent faites en 1908 pour le tricentenaire de Québec, des personnes costumées selon l'époque ont personnifié Samuel de Champlain et son épouse Hélène Boullé[6][7]

Fichier origine

CHAMPLAIN (De), Samuel 240788
Date de baptême: 13-08-1574
Lieu d'origine: La Rochelle (Temple St-Yon) (Charente-Maritime) 17300
Parents: Antoine CHAMPLAIN et Marguerite Le Roy
Métier du père: Capitaine de la Marine
Date de mariage des parents: Vers 1573
Lieu de mariage des parents: La Rochelle ou Brouage (17300)
Première mention au pays: 1603
Occupation à l'arrivée: Géographe, fondateur de Port-Royal (1604) et de Québec (1608)
Date de mariage: 30-12-1610
Lieu du mariage: Paris (St-Germain-l'Auxerrois)
Conjointe: Hélène Boullé
Décès ou inhumation: Québec, 25-12-1635
Remarques: Grand explorateur, navigateur, géographe et cartographe né de parents protestants. En 2012, Jean-Marie Germe découvre « l'acte de baptême pastoral de Samuel Champlain » à La Rochelle, sous Chapeleau. Tous les historiens ne s'entendent pas sur la véracité de cet acte. Son contrat de mariage indique ses parents «filz de feu Anthoine de Camplain [Champlain] vivant capitaine de la Marine et de dame Marguerite Le Roy ses père et mère», greffe Nicolas Chocquillot et Louys Arragon, est déposé le 27-12-1610 au Châtelet à Paris. Des plaques sont apposées à Brouage, au vieux bassin d'Honfleur et dans l'Île de la Cité à Paris.[8][9][10]

Sources

  1. Bapt. image Fichier
  2. Sir Gilbert Parker and Claude Glennon Bryan, Old Quebec, The Fortress of New France, The MacMillan Company, 1903.
  3. Website Biography.com: Samuel de Champlain]
  4. Company of One Hundred Associates
  5. BANQ documents Champlain
  6. BANQ numérique
  7. BANQ numérique bis
  8. DGFQ, p. 221; DBC, vol. 1, p. 192-204 ; AGCF, no 34, p. 6
  9. Dossier Fichier, manuscript photo
  10. Fichier Samuel de Champlain 2017


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Search
Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

DNA
No known carriers of Samuel's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.



Images: 4
Samuel de Champlain
Samuel de Champlain

Testament olographe de Samuel de Champlain
Testament olographe de Samuel de Champlain

Baptismal - Samuel de Champlain
Baptismal - Samuel de Champlain

Rober Le Blant: Le testament de Samuel Champlain, 17 nov 1635
Rober Le Blant: Le testament de Samuel Champlain, 17 nov 1635

Collaboration

On 11 Oct 2018 at 21:09 GMT Danielle Liard wrote:

The document was found in the Paris archives in August 2018, and its publication in full is yet to come, per the La Presse article.


As far as the reason France lost New France, having read both Gervais Carpin's work on the early days of colonisation and the mechanisms used to accomplish it, as well as Guy Frégault's work on the war of conquest, it boils down to 2 lacks: money and vision. The French crown did not spend a lot on colonisation but gave it over to companies like 100 Associés, who were mainly interested in the fur trade, not colonisation. They had requirements to colonise in their charters, but it was minimal. And when push came to shove in 1757-1760, the crown wasn't interested in spending more.

On 11 Oct 2018 at 15:46 GMT George Blanchard wrote:

Re: https://www.lapresse.ca/actualites/201808/05/01-5192031-redecouverte-du-plus-ancien-manuscrit-jamais-retrouve-de-champlain.php

The c1602 document offers insight regarding Samuel de Champlain's proposed colonization of North America to gain access to China via. the St. Lawrence River. Personally, because of my research and work on the WikiTree category page “Chronicles of New France”, I believe the King's exceedingly costly and unrelenting pursuit of the alleged route precipitated France's loss of the Louisiana Territory and, ultimately, the entirety of New France. Many profiles linked within the category "Chronicles of New France " contain documentation validating my belief.

On 11 Oct 2018 at 13:50 GMT Carl Savard wrote:

On 16 Aug 2018 at 01:03 GMT Mary-Liz Grisé wrote:

If anyone ever travels the waterways of Georgian Bay in Ontario, in Honey Harbour, in the channel between the Royal Island and the Delawana Inn, there is another plaque mounted on a rock on the Royal Island commemorating the voyage of Champlain. A photo of that here would be awesome.

On 15 Aug 2018 at 23:47 GMT Cindy (Bourque) Cooper wrote:

Hi, PM's, you have a beautiful biography. There are two Sources sections which has generated a suggestion that the profile should be cleaned. Could you combine the two sections (which seems to have several duplicates) and eliminate the second Sources heading? Thanks!

On 9 Oct 2016 at 18:49 GMT George Blanchard wrote:

Sunny, thank you for your discovery regarding profiles De Champlain-4 and Champlain-10 representing the same individual. The merge may not be as straightforward as it at first appears. My belief is the resulting profile ought to be Champlain-10. Consequently, I've forwarded your recommended merge to Lianne Lavoie (Lavoie-74) because of her close association to Chris Whitten and his initial “crew” of WikiTree leaders.

My message to Lianne:

Today I received notification re: “De Champlain-4 and Champlain-10 appear to represent the same person because: duplicates”.

You created Champlain-10 on 28 Oct 2014. De Champlain was created on 18 Sep 2016. Do you have interest in performing the merge, and perhaps resuming management of his profile?

On 9 Oct 2016 at 17:16 GMT Sunny (Trimbee) Clark wrote:

De Champlain-4 and Champlain-10 appear to represent the same person because: duplicates



C  >  Champlain  |  D  >  de Champlain  >  Samuel (Champlain) de Champlain