Freedoms call : the Charles-Weeks family and related names : history and genealogy by Nancy J. Wach. Publ. Greeley, Colorado : Wach, Nancy Jean, 1999. Book on Charles Family
Family Search gives this description:
The early Charles ancestor, John Charles (ca. 1560-1605) was born in Devon Co., England. Three grandchildren of John Charles immigrated to Charlestown, Suffolk Co., Mass. before 1636. Later they removed to Connecticut and by 1641 they were in New Haven, Conn. Abigail Charles (b. 1606) married 1637 in New Haven John Moss, Sr. (1604-1707) of London, London Co., England. John Charles married Sarah Geer in 1636 in Charlestown, Mass. and Mary Charles (chr. in 1629) married Martin Tichenor.
John Charles, son of William was baptized 13 Apr 1608 in Sandford, Devon, England. This is supported by a Family Search Index
Mary who is listed by previous sources as a child of John Charles, was found as a half sister of John, bpt. May 1, 1629 in Exeter, Devon. This date is more logical, considering her 1651 marriage to Martin Tichenor. However, it defies custom, to leave part of an estate to a sister's children, when that a man had children and grandchildren.
Another sister came to New England with John and Mary Charles. Abigail would later marry John Moss, making Moss' statement that Charles was his brother, doubly true.
Much excitement was generated at the discovery of the harbor at Quinnepiac (New Haven). John Davenport and Theophilus Eaton, recent immigrants to New England, decided almost immediately, to view the area, with the thought that it would be a good place to settle. They found the area to be what they were looking for and left seven men to overwinter in 1637. When they left Boston to settle in Quinnepiac in the spring of 1638, many others, who were not part of the original group, decided to join them. Such was John Charles.
The original planters of New Haven met June 4, 1639, and after prayer and deliberation, 63 men, including John Charles, signed the New Haven Fundamental Agreement. About 1641, John was on a "tax" list. He had 4 persons in his family, an estate of L50, about 38 acres of granted division land and was taxed at 9s 6d.
John must have been licensed to sell wine, because on 18 Feb 1639/40, he was forbidden to "draw" wine. The court record states "there hath beene much disorder by itt." Indeed if you look at the records for the session just before on the 5th, five persons were admonished for being drunk.
In 1643, John and others were fined for not having ladders. To modern persons, being fined for lack of a ladder makes no sense. But early New England houses had wooden chimneys. The ladder was used to tear down a burning chimney, to save the rest of the house. Fences were also a continual problem, but were needed to keep animals out of the crops. John had to pay damages caused when his fence was defective.
John Charles was sued, in 1646, by John Evance, for damage to a vessel and it's cargo. The vessel was mishandled during a storm, causing the damage, but John Charles made the claim that he was not the master of the ship at the time. John Charles was charged L67 in damages to ship and cargo, and costs of court. Testimony can be read in the Colony records starting at pages 281-291. He was further charged L20 for contempt of court and L50 to Mr. Evance for slander.
Several interesting points come out in this testimony. John Charles didn't know how to read. John Moss called him "brother." As a master seaman, he was often away sometimes sailing to Virginia and England.
In 1652, James Rogers, of Milford, charged John Charles with taking his apprentice boy, Daniel Turner, away to Southold, Long Island, in his boat. This had been tried once in the Fairfield, Connecticut, court and found in favor of Charles, but the New Haven town court felt they could try it again if there was new evidence. They, however, ended up suggesting that an arbitration be set up in the matter.
In 1657, some goods belonging to John Charles, were attached by Mr. Hudson and Henry Glover, who claimed them because of damages caused by Charles.
June 10, 1667, John Charles and other residents of Branford signed an agreement to "call" an orthodox Congregational minister, encourage the gathering of a church and supply maintenance.
An Inventory of the Estate of John Charles senior, late of Branford, was taken 15 October 1673. The estate was valued at L91.02.00, the sum of L6.12.06 was added later, and there were debts of L1.17.06. Debts due the estate were over L67.There was no real estate, and he had L54.15.00 in silver and gold.
A distribution of the estate 12 November 1673, mentions John Charles, his only son, Jonathan Rose husband of Delivered, the only surviving daughter. L45 was paid to the children of William Backhus and his deceased wife Sarah (daughter of John). L3:10s was paid to John Peate who married another daughter of John also deceased. A silver tankard was given to John Rose, son of Jonathan Rose, and two best pewter platters were bequeathed to Lydia Rose, daughter of Jonathan. Martin Tichenor and his children were to receive "such portion, portions, or dues as shalbe allotted unto him, or them, after their case may be duly heard & Considered at ye next Court." The residue was ordered, two-thirds to the son John, and one-third to the son-in-law Jonathan Rose.
Older genealogies, all state that John Charles, probably married a sister of John Moss, since John calls him brother. Of course it could be that John Moss married Charles' sister.
"Freedoms Call" states a marriage date of 23 Jun 1636 in Charlestown, Massachusetts, to Sarah (Moss) Geer, widow of John Geer, but cites no source for this marriage.
See Also John Charles Bio with Sources
"CHARLES, JOHN, Charlestown 1636, rem. to New Haven, there had Sarah, b. Oct. 1637, bapt. Oct. 1640; and John, bapt. 20 May 1649; rem. to Branford, was there join. in the compact of sett. 1667, and d. 1673. Other ch. are ment. as Mary, wh. m. 16 May 1651, Martin Tichenor; one d. w. of Jonathan Rose; ano. w. of John Peate; and Sarah m. William Backus."
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