Geoffrey Chaucer

Geoffrey Chaucer (1343 - 1400)

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Geoffrey Chaucer
Born in London, Middlesex, Englandmap
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Died in London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Mar 2011
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Categories: English Poets | Poets Laureate of England | Famous People of the 14th Century | English Authors | Notables.

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Geoffrey Chaucer is best known for authoring the medieval classic Canterbury Tales. He is considered the greatest author of his times. He is also responsible for medieval English supplanting French and Latin as the language of England. Chaucer is considered the source of the English vernacular.[1][2]
Geoffrey Chaucer is Notable.


Geoffrey Chaucer was born circa 1343, the son of John Chaucer[1], citizen and vintner of London and of Agnes, daughter of John Copton of London.[2]

Geoffrey was married before September 1366 to Philippa, the daughter of Sir Paon de Roet of Hainault, Guienne King-of-arms.[1] They had two sons including Thomas, and one daughter.[3]

Accomplished Englishman

Geoffrey began his career as a page in the household of Elizabeth, Countess of Ulster, wife of Edward III's son Lionel, Duke of Clarence.[1] As a squire serving in Edward III's army when the king invaded France in 1359, he was captured at the siege of Rheims, and subsequently ransomed. A few years later, he married Phillipa de Roet, a lady-in-waiting to Constance of Castile, the second wife of John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster. It was to commemorate John Gaunt's first wife, Blanche, that Chaucer composed in 1368 "The Book of the Duchess," the earliest work that can confidently be attributed to him.

Geoffrey served in various campaigns in France and Spain and twice visited Italy as a negotiator on important diplomatic missions. [1] By the age of 31, he had been appointed Controller of Customs and Subsidy of Wools, Skins, and Hides in the port of London, a very responsible post which he held for twelve years. During this period, he found time to write such major and innovatory works as "The House of Fame," "The Parliment of Fowls" and "Troilus and Cressida."

In 1386, he became a Justice of the Peace and Knight of the Shire to represent Kent in Parliament. Soon afterward, his wife died and he devoted the rest of his life to composing the "Canterbury Tales," a project that was never completed.


Chaucer died sometime in 1400 and was buried in in Poet's Corner at Westminster Abbey.[4][2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Geoffrey Chaucer, Accessed 8 Feb 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Geoffrey Chaucer at Wikipedia
  3. The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1386-1421, ed. J.S. Roskell, L. Clark, C. Rawcliffe., 1993 [1]
  4. Biography above written by David Wright, a Gregory Fellow in Poetry at the University of Leeds, and translator of the Canterbury Tales for Oxford World Classics

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No known carriers of Geoffrey's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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On 16 Feb 2018 at 16:27 GMT Judith Robinson wrote:

Direct blood relation to his wife!

On 18 Nov 2014 at 19:39 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

On 18 Nov 2014 at 19:37 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Geoffrey Chaucer is notable.
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Geoffrey is 23 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 23 degrees from Katy Jurado and 16 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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