Nicolas Chauvin

Nicolas Chauvin (1676 - 1748)

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Nicolas Chauvin aka Sieur de La Fresnière
Born in Montréal, Canada, Nouvelle-Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Nouvelle Orléans, Louisiane, Nouvelle-Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Nov 2014 | Last significant change: 14 Jan 2019
19:22: Danielle Liard posted a message on the page for Nicolas Chauvin (1676-1748). [Thank Danielle for this]
This page has been accessed 1,822 times.

Categories: Montréal, Canada, Nouvelle-France | Louisiana First Families | Louisiana Families.

Pelican Flag cut to outline of Louisiana
Nicolas Chauvin lived in Louisiana.
Join: Louisiana Families Project
Discuss: louisiana


Nicolas Chauvin, bapt. 19 jan 1676 Montréal (ND)[1]; Nicolas Chauvin sieur de La Fresnière, marié en Louisiane avec Marguerite Lesueur (fille de Pierre Lesueur et de Marguerite Messier)(établi en Louisiane)[2]

CHAUVIN DE LA FRENIERE, Nicolas, père, first generation Canadian, pioneer settler on Chapitoulas Coast, member of Superior Council of French Louisiana. Born, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; baptized, June 19, 1676; eighth child of Pierre Chauvin and Marthe Autreuil.. [3]

In Louisiana by 1706, at some point after this date Nicolas Chauvin assumed the name of La Frénière.

After their arrival at Fort Louis de la Mobile, three of the Chauvin brothers (Joseph de De Léry, Nicolas de la Frieniere and Louis de Beaulieu) obtained permission from the governor of the colony, Bienville, to undertake a trading expedition to the Presidio del Norte on the Rio Grande with Juchereau de Saint-Denis . They left Biloxi on 10 Oct 1716, taking with them merchandise valued at 43,200 livres, headed toward Texas by way of Natchitoches. They reached the Presidio in April 1717, where the Spaniards rejected Bienville's plan for reciprocal trading rights and seized the merchandise. The brothers returned to Biloxi empty-handed in 1718, but the trail blazed by them across Tejas was for many years the only known road from the Louisiana borderland to the Presidio on the Rio Grande.[4]

Despite opposition, La Frénière was named to fill a vacancy on Superior Council, governing body of the province. The concern was that La Frénière had only recently learned to read and write and was self taught.

By 1720, Nicolas was with brothers Joseph Chauvin de Léry and Louis Chauvin de Beaulieu, on the Chapitoulas Coast.

Joseph, Nicolas and Louis settled this area with their families. In 1720, the total population of the Tchoupitoulas district amounted to 21 white masters, 21 while servants, 365 negro slaves and 11 Indian vassals successfully clearing land, tilling the soil, exploiting the virgin cypress forest, digging canals and drainage ditches.Despite varied success with some crops, his and neighboring brothers' agricultural efforts earned praise of memorialist André Pénicaut, and of perceptive traveller Pierre de Charlevoix, S. J.

The Chauvins were early slave owners, having nearly a hundred according to 1721 census.

In 1725, at Bienville's suggestion, the Company of the Indies sold its herd of sheep to La Frénière.

Nicolas père, largest lumber contributor (1,345 1/2 feet) to first church of St. Louis, New Orleans, 1727. Nicolas married Marguerite LeSueur of Mobile, second cousin to Bienville, ca. 1724. [5]

He and Chevalier de Pradel opened a tavern stocked with wine and liquor worth 1,000 livres, 1729; first cabaret of record in the capital.[6]The papers of de Pradel are located in the Historic New Orleans Collection

La Frénière increased his land holdings as his family grew, buying nearly 30 arpents of former Bienville lands directly above New Orleans, and portion of Kolly-Sainte-Reyne Plantation. He owned a townhouse in the city but probably reared his children—Nicolas fils (q.v.), Jean-Baptiste, François, Catherine, and Jeanne Marguerite—at his Chapitoulas plantation..[7]

Largely self-educated, he provided the best school opportunities for Nicolas, his son, sending him to France for law studies. His eldest son succeeded him on the Council, being appointed attorney general of Louisiana in 1763. Nicolas, the father, died in 1749. [8]..[9]

Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown


1.Joseph (de La Freniere) Chauvin II b: ABT 1725

Marriage 2 Catherine (Indian) Unknown b: 1676 in Mobile, Alabama•Married: BEF 1718


1.Hypolite Chauvin b: BEF 17 JAN 1717/18 in Mobile, Alabama

Marriage 3 Marguerite Le Sueur b: 4 JUL 1699 in Montréal, Québec•Married: ABT 1724 in Louisiana


1.Nicolas Joseph (de La Freniere) Chauvin II b: ABT 1725

2.François (de La Freniere) Chauvin b: BEF 9 APR 1730 in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana

3.Jeanne Marguerite (de La Freniere) Chauvin b: BEF 25 MAR 1731 in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana

4.Jean Baptiste Alexandre Chauvin b: BEF 18 JUN 1733 in New Orleans, Orleans Parish, Louisiana[10]

Nicolas Chauvin de Lafreniere II, the son, (died 26 October 1769) was Attorneys General of Louisiana. He was one of the ringleaders of the Louisiana Rebellion of 1768, the others being Joseph Milhet, Jean-Baptiste Noyan, Pierre Caresse and Pierre Marquis. The rebellion succeeded in driving Antonio de Ulloa, the Spanish Governor of Louisiana out of New Orleans.

However, the ringleaders, including Lafreniere were later arrested and subsequently executed on 26 October 1769 by firing squad.

According to the book A History of Louisiana (1909):

It was found that there was no hangman in the colony, so the condemned prisoners were ordered to be shot. When the day of execution came, hundreds of people left the city. Those who could not leave went into their houses, closed the doors and windows and waited in an agony of sickening dread to hear the fatal shots. Only the tramping of soldiers broke the deathlike stillness which brooded over the crushed and helpless city. At three o’clock on a perfect October afternoon in 1769, the condemned men were led to the Spanish barracks. Lafreniere, it is said, gave the order to fire. A volley of muskets broke out on the still air, and five patriots went to their death, — the first Louisianians to give their blood for the cause of freedom.[11]


  1. Bapt IGD - Drouin collection
  2. Dictionnaire généalogique des familles du Québec - René Jetté pg 242
  3. "Dictionaire Genealogique Des Familles Canadienes", by Abbe Cyprien Tanguay, Vol I., 1608-1700
  4. OLD FAMILIES OF LOUISIANA, by Stanley Clisby Arthur
  5. Mobile: City by the Bay (1968) by Jay Higginbotham
  6. Henry C. Bezou, Metairie: A Tongue of Land to Pasture (1973);
  7. OLD FAMILIES OF LOUISIANA, by Stanley Clisby Arthur
  8. Henry C. Bezou, Metairie: A Tongue of Land to Pasture … (1973);
  9. OLD FAMILIES OF LOUISIANA, by Stanley Clisby Arthur

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Nicolas by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Nicolas:

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Images: 1
Lafreniere Park in Metairie, LA
Lafreniere Park in Metairie, LA


On 14 Jan 2019 at 19:22 GMT Danielle Liard wrote:

entered his wife's name and parents in bio with source

On 6 Nov 2014 at 13:41 GMT Allan Thomas wrote:

Chauvin Sieur de Lafresnière-1 and Chauvin-226 appear to represent the same person because: please compare

Nicolas is 21 degrees from Walter Morrison, 24 degrees from Alison Wilkins and 19 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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