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Ga Ho Ga (Cherokee) Lightfoot (abt. 1730 - 1790)

Ga Ho Ga Lightfoot formerly Cherokee
Born about in Cherokee Nation (East)map
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Wife of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Cherokee Nation (East)map
Profile last modified | Created 19 Nov 2015 | Last significant change: 11 May 2021
15:18: Kathie (Parks) Forbes edited the Biography for Ga Ho Ga (Cherokee) Lightfoot (abt.1730-1790). [Thank Kathie for this | 1 thank-you received]
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Ga Ho Ga was Cherokee.
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Disputed family

A previous version of this profile claimed, without sources, that her parents were Dutch Tauchee Broom and Ani Kawi Broom. They've been detached.

Some researchers believe she was married to a white man named Lightfoot. James Hicks "Cherokee Lineages" trees at [1] and John Strange [2] state without documentation that some or all of Ga-ho-ga’s children were fathered by a man named John Lightfoot. Some have specifically associated her with Capt. John Lightfoot. There is no documentation to support these claims. There is not a single person named “Lightfoot” in Starr’s Cherokee genealogies, but later in life daughter Dorcas was referred to as a half-blood. [3] Although there was a prominent and extensive Virginia Lightfoot family at this time with several sons named John, research has been unable to place a specific John Lightfoot in the Cherokee Nation at the correct time. The profile for Capt. John Lightfoot gives him a wife named Elizabeth and children named Claiborne and Celia.

Please note that this woman was never married to Doublehead.


According to Emmet Starr, Gahoga was a Cherokee woman of the Deer Clan, probably born in the 1730's (based on the ages of her daughters). Ga-ho-ga's parents, spouse, and dates of birth and death are unknown.

She was the mother of two daughters, Ga-ho-ga (also known as Nancy) and Dorcas.[4] She may have also had two sons, named George and William.[5].


  1. James Hicks
  2. Shadburn and Strange, “Upon Our Ruins.” Cottonpatch Press, Cumming, GA. 2012.
  3. Shadburn and Strange, “Upon Our Ruins.” p. 101.
  4. Starr, Emmet. "History of the Cherokee Indians." Oklahoma Yesterday Publications edition, Tulsa, OK, 1979. p. 474. Digitized edition at Starr
  5. National Archives and Records Administration, Record group 75, E232, Spoilation decisions, 1838, pp. 61-62

See also:


Thank you, Kathie Forbes, for your research into this family.

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It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Ga Ho Ga by comparing test results with other carriers of her mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known mtDNA test-takers in her direct maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Ga Ho Ga:

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Comments: 14

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The first Ga ho ga’s parents and spouse are unknown. She and her children did not live in what is now North Carolina, they lived in Tennessee and then moved to Georgia when the Cherokee were forced south. Do you have documentation to show that this John Lightfoot lived in the Cherokee Nation? These Cherokee people are my relatives, they have no strange DNA and no connection to European royalty. They were forced from their homes at Removal and went to Indian Territory.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Ga Ho Ga (Cherokee) Lightfoot (1730-1790) her name was Gahoga Of the Deer Clan Ani-Kawi Woman Gahoga (1730-1790) wife of Captain John Phillip Lightfoot (1726-1769), daughter Nancy Ga-Ho-Ga Lightfoot (1753-1790) who married John Adair (1753-1815), child Charlotte Lightfoot Adair (1785-1838). Nancy Foster Adair, daughter of Ga Ho Ga (1755- Qualla Boundary, North Carolina, daughter of N.N. and GaHoGa, wife of James Foster, Sr. and John Adair. Descendant of the Royal House of Georgia, HRH Prince Nugzar and HRH Princess Anna, Georgi VIII, the last King of United Georgia (1415-1476) King of Georgia (1446-1466), also Alexander I1455-1511). They have strange DNA. I am working with and Indian who knows the true genealogy.
posted by [Living Floyd]
Removed FAG reference, no longer a record on FAG
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Her link to Findagrave is broke. Wasn't able to find correct link.

Thanks Terry

I would detach John Lightfoot, but don’t know that all agree. There is no mention of Claiborne as Cherokee, so he should be disconnected from Ga ho ga, too. Not sure who he is.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Parents detached. Should we also detach John Lightfoot as spouse and father of her known children? Should Claibornes mother be changed to Elizabeth?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Yes. Whoever they were, they weren’t her parents.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
So we should detach both parents here?
posted by Jillaine Smith
Chief Broom has no connection to Ga-ho-ga “Lightfoot.” The only recorded Chief Broom was the father of another woman named Nancy who married Charles Renatus Hicks.
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes
Litefoot-1 and Cherokee-43 do not represent the same person because: Cherokee-43 is the mother of Litefoot-1
posted by Kathie (Parks) Forbes

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