Moshulatubee Choctaw
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Mushulatubee Choctaw (abt. 1765 - 1838)

Chief Mushulatubee (Moshulatubee) Choctaw
Born about in New Francemap
Son of [uncertain] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married 1793 in Choctaw, Mississippi, United Statesmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Indian Territory, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Dec 2018
This page has been accessed 1,106 times.
Project: Choctaw Tribe
Moshulatubee was Choctaw.
Join: Native Americans Project
Discuss: native_americans



Chief Moshulatubee Choctaw served in the War of 1812
Service started:
Unit(s): Indian Troops
Service ended:
Chief Moshulatubee Choctaw served with the unknown during the Creek War
Service Started: unknown
Unit(s): unknown
Service Ended: unknown
Notables Project
Moshulatubee Choctaw is Notable.

Moshulatubbee was the chief of the Choctaw Okla Tannap ("Lower Towns"), one of the three major Choctaw divisions during the early 19th century. While he won renown as a warrior for his exploits against the Osage, he gained more influence through his service in the Creek War of 1813-14 and at the battle of New Orleans with Andrew Jackson.[1] He was a noted orator with a powerful build and possessed great personal magnetism that attracted supporters and detractors. While he prospered as a farmer and slave owner, raising cattle, hogs and horses, he also influenced the Choctaw shift toward a market economy.[2]

Although Moshulatubbee supported the educational efforts of the missionaries, he opposed their religious activities and helped establish the Choctaw Academy in traditionalists who opposed Greenwood LeFlore's efforts to control the Choctaw Nation with his more progressive, cosmopolitan, and predominantly mixed-blood faction. Moshulatubbee was replaced by David Folsom as district chief in 1826, but he regained the office in 1830 during the removal crises.[2]

He emigrated west to Indian Territory in 1832, continued his resistance to missionaries, signed the Fort Holmes treaty in 1835, and served as district chief until 1836. Moshulatubbee died of smallpox, August 30, 1838,[3] near the Choctaw Agency on the Arkansas River and is buried in LeFlore County, Oklahoma.

Political Career

Pre Removal

Moshulatubbee replaced his deceased uncle as chief of the Okla Tannip district prior to the War of 1812. He continued on as leader to that district up through removal and participating in all treaty negotiations during that time.

  • Doak's Stand 1820
  • Dancing Rabbit Creek 1830[4]

U.S. Congressional Campaign

"During the discussion in Congress of Jackson's Indian Removal Bill, the people of Mississippi, to win the favor of the Choctaw, made a gesture conferring citizenship upon them; and induced chief Mushulatubbe to announce himself in the April issue of the Port Gibson Correspondent as a candidate for Congress."[3]

"To the voters of Mississippi. Fellow Citizens:-I have fought for you, I have been by your own act, made a citizen of your state; ... According to your laws I am an American citizen, ... I have always battled on the side of this republic ... I have been told by my white brethren, that the pen of history is impartial, and that in after years, our forlorn kindred will have justice and 'mercy too'."
~ Mushulatubba, Christian Mirror and N.H. Observer, July 1830

Post Removal

He emigrated west to Oklahoma Territory in 1832, continued his resistance to missionaries,[5] signed the Fort Holmes treaty in 1835, and served as district chief until 1836.

Preceded by
Historic Chiefs
Apukshunnubbee & Pushmataha
of the Choctaw
Succeeded by
Alford Wade

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma

1830 - 1834 During Removal 1834 - 1836 New District

Portrait by George Catlin ca 1834

This was copied from a headstone at Hall Cemetery near Cameron, Oklahoma. It was placed by the Oklahoma Historical Society in 1965.

Chief Moshulatubbee Amosholi-T-vbi "Warrior Who Perseveres" Born 1770

Chief Moshulatubbee of Northern district, Choctaw Nation in Mississippi, received his name as a young warrior. He was dignified in bearing, of fine physique, steady and thoughtful in disposition. As Chief he was noted for his orders banning liquor traffic and drinking in his county. He strongly favored education, and a mission school (ABCFM) was located at this prairie village near the Natchez Trace in 1824. Moshulatubbee was o­ne of the three head chiefs who signed the early Choctaw treaties with the United States, including that at Dancing Rabbit Creek in 1830, which provided for the removal of the Choctaws from Mississippi. He had high hopes in coming west with his people in 1832, and made his new home in LeFlore County. He died at his home and was buried nearby, his grave covered in unmarked stones. The region from the Arkansas River to the Winding Stair Mountains was called Moshulatubbee District in law books of the Choctaw Nation, 1834 to 1907.
~ From Choctaw Nuggets by Pat Starbuck[6]

"The CHOCTAWS, ...In this tribe I painted the portrait of their famous and excellent chief, Mo-sho-la-tub-bee (he who puts out and kills, PLATE 221), who has since died of the small-pox."
~ George Catlin[7]

Origins and Family

The exact birth date of Moshulatubbee is not known. Upon his death in 1838 it was reported that he was 75 to 80 years old, making his birth ca 1758-1763.

During this epidemic there occurred near the Choctaw agency the death of Mushulatubbe, the famous chief. He died August 30, 1838, at the age of seventy-five or eighty years.
~ letter from Coleman Cole to Lyman C. Draper [3]


The exact parentage of Moshulatubbee is not known. It has been reported in U.S. Government documents that he is the "son of Moshulatubbee" but more likely was the nephew of his predecessor, due to the matrilineal nature of Choctaw society.

"The Treaty of 1805 carried the first provision for a permanent tribal income, ...District Chiefs, Apukshunnubbee, Pushmataha, and Moshulatubbee, should each receive a cash payment... Moshulatubbee soon died. The date is unknown, but by the time of the War of 1812 he had been succeeded by a Chief of the same name, designated by white officials as his "son," but more probably his nephew;"
~ Angie Debow, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic pgs 34-36[5]

Spouses and Children

Documentation is lacking as proof to the wives and children of Moshulatubbee. It is certain that he had more than one spouse, and may have had as many as four; but they too, by Choctaw custom, may have used more than one name and therefore should be combined. Some speculate that there may have been plural or simultaneous marriages. Below are the reported spouses, in no particular order, and the most likely children with each spouse. Care has been taken to create as accurate a listing as possible, providing sources where available. However, this is not a definitive list and corrections are welcomed.

Children's Surname
His children began to use the surname King, the English translation of the title Mingo given to a district chief.

  1. Maleah
    • Charles King[3][8][9]
    • Peter King[3][8][9]
    • Susan King (Cooper)[9]
    • Girl King (died age 7 of burns as related by Susan King to niece Lucy)[9]
  2. Onamaiya
  3. Possible Child/Dependent Relative
    • Mary King (Ellis)* see linked profile
    • Chompetima King aka Kiamichi (Colquhoun)* see linked profile
    • Rebecca King (Williams)* see linked profile
    • Barett King - likely disproved, b. 1836, N Carolina, son of James and Elender King
    • Rufus King - likely disproved, of the Quapaw & given the name at arrival to Choctaw Academy
    • Amosholatubbee Hattakiholitha - likely disproved, fictitious person
    • Thomas King - likely disproved, too old and wrong place
    • Elias D King - likely disproved, born Gwinnett Co., GA and later of Bradley Co., AR
    • Wiley King - likely disproved, born Gwinnett Co., GA and later of Bradley Co., AR
  4. Susannah Graham - likely disproved, see linked profile
  5. Captain Penny (Jackson) Nitakechi - likely disproved, see linked profile, 1850 census as wife of James King of Jackson Co., MS
    • James King Jr.- likely disproved, 1850 census as child of Penny (Jackson)
    • Sedy Lydia King - likely disproved, 1850 census as child of Penny (Jackson)
    • Jackson King - likely disproved, 1850 census next door to Penny (Jackson)
    • Polly Jane King - likely disproved, known child of Penny (Jackson)
    • John J King - likely disproved, known child of Penny (Jackson)

Note: A man calling himself William Chubbee claimed to be a "lost" child of Moshulatubbee. He wrote a controversial book in 1848 telling his story and "proving" his relationship. He is not included above as this story has been almost certainly debunked. See Wikipedia: William McCary for more details.

* Signifies an unproven child/dependent of Moshulatubbee - DOES NOT indicate disproved

Spelling Variations

As with many Choctaw, Moshulatubbee used different names during his lifetime, although most commonly known to history as Moshulatubbee or Mushulatubbee. Other names and spelling variations appear below:

  • Moshulatubbe, Mushulatubbe, Mosholetvbbi, Musholatubbee, Moshaleh Tubbee, Mushulatubba
  • AmoshuliTvbi, Amosholi-Tvbi, Amosholi-T-vbi
  • Homomastubby


  1. Fold3, War of 1812 Service Record Index, General Mushuletubbe,, (/title/875/war-of-1812-service-record-index :accessed June 20, 2020), database and images, NARA M602_0151
  2. 2.0 2.1 James P. Pate, "Moshulatubbe," The Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture,
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 Foreman, Grant, and John R. Swanton. The Five Civilized Tribes: Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, Seminole. University of Oklahoma Press, 1989. pgs 49- 50
  4. DeRosier, Arthur H. The Removal of the Choctaw Indians. Univ. of Tennessee Pr., 1989.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Debo, Angie. The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic. Univ. of Oklahoma Pr., 1934. pgs 36, 40-41, 49 ff, 58, 64, 65, 69, 151
  6. Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma: Moshulatubbe
  7. Catlin, George, and Marjorie M. Halpin. Letters and Notes on the Manners, Customs, and Conditions of the North American Indians. Dover Publications, 1973. Vol II pg 123
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Aiden C. Gibbs, Assistant Missionary/teacher at Elliot Mission, reports on children of Moshulatubbee to the American Baptist Board ca 1825, specific source pending.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.6 9.7 Choctaw-Chickasaw Citizenship Court Case Files, Case 39. NARA 7RA324, Roll 13, OHS.

See Also:

Research Note

There is a wonderful biographical sketch attached as a pdf to a profile of Moshulatubbee on another website. This biography was written by Wanda L. Clark and shows a date "Revised 01 March 2000" but the pdf does not contain a bibliography and sources are referenced but not listed. The document is worth your time to review, and if the original can be located it would provide a valuable source for this profile.

More Genealogy Tools

Sponsored Search

Sponsored Search by

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Moshulatubee by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Moshulatubee:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.


Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments: 8

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
Could one of the profile managers please change his last name at birth to Choctaw? See Ron's comment below. Thanks.
posted on Moshulatubee-1 (merged) by Jillaine Smith
Please advise.....

Mushulatubbee Lewallen (Lewallen-58) and Moshulatubee King (Moshulatubee-1) are already connected in a proposed merge

posted on Lewallen-58 (merged) by Debra Simpkins