Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH

Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH (1874 - 1965)

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Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill KG OM CH
Born in Blenheim, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Westminster, London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Bladon, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Churchill-4 created 10 Jan 2009 | Last modified | Last edit: 24 Apr 2017
18:56: Kathy (Anderson) Griffin posted a message on the page for Winston Churchill KG OM CH. [Thank Kathy for this]
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Categories: This Day In History April 24 | This Day In History November 30 | This Day In History January 24 | British Prime Ministers | World War II Political Leaders | Historians | Famous Politicians of the 20th Century | Knights Companion of the Garter | Notables.

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Contents

Biography

Winston's full title: The Right Honourable Sir Winston Leonard Churchill

The first born son - born Nov. 30, 1874 at Blenheim Castle in Oxfordshire, an ancestral home.

The boys (Winston & brother John) in the early years, rarely saw their parents. With his father’s early death in 1895, Winston had the belief: “He too would die young, so should be quick about making his mark on the world.”

Winston served as the British Prime Minister from 1940 - 1945 during most of England’s battles during World War II. He was Prime Minister again from 1951 - 1955.

His other achievements including painting, writing, public speaker, historian, Army officer, plus holding various governmental positions over a period of 50 years. Some of his positions included: First Lord of the Admiralty, Home Secretary, President of the Board of Trade and Secretary of the State of War.
However, all of his life he did suffer from bouts of depression, what he termed “Black Dog”.

Winston met Clementine Ogilvy Hozier in 1904. They met again at a social affair in 1908 and a romance began. He proposed to Clementine on Aug. 10, 1908 and they married on September 12, 1908. They had 5 children, one of which died at age 2 1/2 years old. The family home was called ‘Chartwell’ in Kent.

Winston Churchill provided the English people the spirit and hope to endure during the very dark days of the ‘blitz’, plane attacks over England. He was famous for stating England would see ‘Victory’ and held his fingers in the sign of a “V” for victory. He had tried to warn others of the power and forces that Hitler was building in Germany but his warning were unheeded.

His speeches to the people were inspirational.
One example:
“Let us therefore brace ourselves to our duties, and so bear ourselves, that if the British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years, men will still say, ‘This was their finest hours.’

After his years in political service, he retired to his home 'Chartwell'. He enjoyed his painting and writing.


In early 1965, Winston suffered a severe stroke. He died 9 days later, actually 70 years after his father’s death in 1895.
Winston died on Jan. 24, 1965.

His one surviving child was Mary Churchill born September 15, 1922, died 31 May 2014.

1874 nov 30 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill[1] was born in Blenheim Castle, Oxfordshire, England

1895 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill entered the Army[2]

1898 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was present at Battle of Khartoum[2]

1908 sep 12 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill[1] and Clementine Ogilvy Hozier married in [2]

1941 in spite of some health issues, a minor heart attack in 1941 and pneumonia in 1943, he kept up a full schedule.

1963 his daughter, Diana, died

1965 jan 24 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill[1] died in England [2]

1977 dec 12 his wife, Clementine died

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Roberts, Gary Boyd, 'Notable Kin, Santa Clarita, CA: in cooperation with NEHGS (Boston, MA) – 1998;
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 MarquisOnline- need subscription

Merged WikiTree Files

  • This person was created through the import of MASTER2011WIKITREE.GED on 27 January 2011.
  • This person was created on 18 February 2011 through the import of Bishop Family Tree.ged.
  • WikiTree profile Frost - 1601 created through the import of fitzmaster032511.ged on 27 March 2011 by Sue Fitzpatrick.
Also see:

Notes

Prime minister of England during the 2nd world war and one of the most famous men of the 20th century.
Prime Minister & leader of Great Britain, 1940-45, 1951-55. K.G. 1953
The master statesman stood alone against fascism and renewed the world's faith in the superiority of democracy
Winston Churchill
BY JOHN KEEGAN
The political history of the 20th century can be written as the biographies of six men: Lenin, Stalin, Hitler, Mao Zedong, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. The first four were totalitarians who made or used revolutions to create monstrous dictatorships. Roosevelt and Churchill differed from them in being democrats. And Churchill differed from Roosevelt--while both were war leaders, Churchill was uniquely stirred by the challenge of war and found his fulfillment in leading the democracies to victory.
Churchill came of a military dynasty. His ancestor John Churchill had been created first Duke of Marlborough in 1702 for his victories against Louis XIV early in the War of the Spanish Succession. Churchill was born in1874 in Blenheim Palace, the house built by the nation for Marlborough.As a young man of undistinguished academic accomplishment--he was admitted to Sandhurst after two failed attempts--he entered the army as a cavalry officer. He took enthusiastically to soldiering (and perhaps even more enthusiastically to regimental polo playing) and between 1895 and 1898 managed to see three campaigns: Spain's struggle in Cuba in 1895, the North-West Frontier campaign in India 1897 and the Sudan campaign of1898, where he took part in what is often described as the British Army's last cavalry charge, at Omdurman. Even at 24, Churchill was steely: "I never felt the slightest nervousness," he wrote to his mother. "[I] felt as cool as I do now." In Cuba he was present as a war correspondent, and in India and the Sudan he was present both as a war correspondent and as a serving officer. Thus he revealed two other aspects of his character: a literary bent and an interest in public affairs.
He was to write all his life. His life of Marlborough is one of the great English biographies, and The History of the Second World War helped win him a Nobel Prize for literature. Writing, however, never fully engaged his energies. Politics consumed him. His father Lord Randolph Churchill was a brilliant political failure. Early in life, Winston determined to succeed where his fatherhad failed. His motives were twofold. His father had despised him. Writing in August 1893 to Winston's grandmother, the dowager Duchess of Marlborough, he said the boy lacked "cleverness, knowledge and any capacity for settled work. He has a great talent for show-off, exaggeration and make-believe." His disapproval surely stung, but Churchill reacted by venerating his father's memory. Winston fought to restore his father's honor in Parliament (where it had been dented by the Conservative Party). Thirty years after Lord Randolph's death, Winston wrote, "All my dreams of comradeship were ended. There remained for me only to pursue his aims and vindicate his memory."
Churchill entered Parliament in 1901 at age 26. In 1904 he left the Conservative Party to join the Liberals, in part out of calculation: the Liberals were the coming party, and in its ranks he soon achieved high office. He became Home Secretary in 1910 and First Lord ofthe Admiraltyin 1911. Thus it was as political head of the Royal Navy at the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 that he stepped onto the world stage.
A passionate believer in the navy's historic strategic role, he immediately committed the Royal Naval Division to an intervention in the Flanders campaign in 1914. Frustrated by the stalemate in Belgium and France that followed, he initiated the Allies' only major effort to outflank the Germans on the Western Front by sending the navy, and later a large force of the army, to the Mediterranean. At Gallipoli in 1915, this Anglo-French force struggled to break the defenses that blocked access to the Black Sea. It was a heroic failure that forced Churchill's resignation.

Son of Lord Randolph (Henry Spencer-Churchill) and Jennie (Jerome) C.; ed. Harrow and Sandhurst; hon. LL.D., Bristol U., Queens Coll. of Cambridge U.; married Clementine Hozier, Sept. 12, 1908; 1 son, 3 daughters. Entered army, 1895; present at Battle of Khartoum, 1898; served as lt. with South African Light Horse, also as corr. for Morning Post, South Africa, during Boer War; present at several important actions, at battles of Spion Kop, Vaal Krantz and Pieters, at engagements of Johannesburg and Diamond Hill, and at capture of Pretoria; taken prisoner Nov. 15, escaped Dec. 12th; lt. col., comdg. 6th Royal Fusiliers, France, 1916; ret. from mil. career, 1916. Under-sec. of State for Colonies, 1906-08; pres. Bd. of Trade, 1908-10; Home Sec., 1910-11; First Lord of the Admiralty, 1911-15; chancellor of Duchy of Lancaster, 1915; Minister of Munitions, 1917; Sec. of State for War, 1918-21, for Air, 1916-21, for the Colonies, 1921-22; Chancellor of the Exchequer, 1924-29; First Lord of the Admirality, 1939-40; mem. of Parliament (Conservative) for Epping Div. of Essex since 1924; Prime Minister, First Lord of the Treasury and Minister Def., 1940-45, 51-55, resigned; Lord Warden of Cinque Ports since 1941. Lord rector U. Edinburgh, 1929-31; chancellor Bristol U., 1930. An Elder Brother of Trinity House. Privy Councillor, 1907. Companion of Honor, 1922. Decorated Order of Mil. Merit (Spain), several medals and clasps (Brit.); recipient Order of Garter, 1953; created Knight, 1953; recipient Nobel prize for lit., 1953; Am. awards including: Benjamin Franklin medal, Freedom House award, Pilgrims of U.S. medal, N.Y. Bd. of Trade gold award; Variety Clubs Internat. humanitarian award; Charlemagne prize at Aachen. Fellow Royal Soc. Author: The Story of the Malakand Field Force, 1898; The River War, 1899; Savrola, 1900; London to Ladysmith via Pretoria, 1900; Ian Hamilton’s March, 1900; Lord Randolph Churchill, 1906; My African Journey, 1908; Liberalism and the Social Problem; The World Crisis, 4 vols., 1923-29, abridged and rev. edit. in 1 vol., 1931; My Early Life, 1930; The Eastern Front, 1931; Thoughts and Adventures, 1932; Marlborough, Vol. I, 1933, Vol. II, 1934. Vol. III, 1936, Vol. IV, 1938; Great Contemporaries, 1937; Arms and the Covenant (speeches), 1938; Step by Step, 1939; Into Battle (speeches), 1941; The Unrelenting Struggle (speeches), 1942; The Gathering Storm, 1948; Their Finest Hour, 1949; Painting as a Pastime, 1949; The Grand Alliance, 1950; The Hinge of Fate, 1951; Closing the Ring, 1951; Triumph and Tragedy, 1952; History of the English-Speaking Peoples, Vol. 1, 1956, Vol. II, 1956, Vol. III, 1957, Vol. IV, 1958; preface for abridged edit. The Second World War, 1959. Hon. citizen U.S., 1963
Death
Died Jan. 24, 1965.
(Marquis Who's Who Online)


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Memories: 3

On 11 Feb 2017 Yvonne (Williams) Donate wrote:

This is awesome to say Winston is my 5th cousin 4 times removed. I've always admired Churchill. Surely a story for future generations of our family. Thank you Wiki-tree.


On 3 Dec 2016 Cynthia (Edgemon) Rushing wrote:

Winston Churchill is my 14th cousin, twice removed. Our common ancestor is George Darell. He is Winstons 13th great grandfather and my 15th .


On 2 Mar 2014 Lynden (Raber) Rodriguez OCDS wrote:

Believe it or not I have memories about Sir Winston Churchill. I first heard about him at about sixth grade when we were learning about World War II, and his tremendous contribution during that time when he was Prime Minister of England. At that time I would never have believed we could possibly be related. We are 7th cousins once removed. It is hard to imagine.

What I recall specifically is President John Kennedy greeting Sir Winston when he visited the United States, and bestowed upon him the unprecedented honor of dual citizenship in Great Britain and America. I didn't really know how that was, but I understand it better now. His mother, Jennie Jerome, was American. We are related through the Hatch Family.



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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Winston by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 5
Jennie with sons John and Winston
Jennie with sons John and Winston

Winston L. Churchill
Winston L. Churchill

Winston L. Churchill
Winston L. Churchill

Churchill - 'V' - Victory
Churchill - 'V' - Victory

Winston Spencer Churchill Image 1
Winston Spencer Churchill Image 1

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On 24 Apr 2017 at 22:56 GMT Kathy (Anderson) Griffin wrote:

Winston and I are 12th cousins twice removed. We are relatives on my maternal grandmothers side, through Elenor (Roper) Montagu

On 13 Sep 2016 at 01:01 GMT Sheila x wrote:

his daughter, Mary died 31 May 2014. Also Mary's husband Arthur Christopher John Soames is erroneously linked as husband to her sister Sarah Millicent Hermione Churchill

On 1 Nov 2014 at 22:55 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Winston is 24 steps away from A.J. Jacobs in the global family tree!

On 24 Apr 2014 at 14:15 GMT Eowyn Langholf wrote:

This profile is today's WikiPick of the Day :)

http://www.wikitree.com/blog/wikipick-the-day-sir-winston-churchill/



Winston is 18 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 20 degrees from Cindy Lesure, 18 degrees from Bonnie Thornton and 9 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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