|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
10 May 1940 - 26 July 1945
|Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
26 October 1951 - 5 April 1955
|Winston with his mother and brother|
Born November 30, 1874, Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was the first born son of Randolph Henry Spencer-Churchill and Jeanette Jerome at Blenheim Castle in Oxfordshire, the home built for his ancestor, John Churchill, when he was made Duke of Marlborough in 1702 after his efforts for the crown during the War of the Spanish Secession.
The boys, Winston and brother John, in the early years, rarely saw their father. His father was not fond of Winston, seeing little future for him. He had no idea that Winston would far surpass him in the political realm. He said of his relationship with his father, "All my dreams of comradeship were ended. There remained for me only to pursue his aims and vindicate his memory." With his father’s early death in 1895, Winston had the belief: “He too would die young, so should be quick about making his mark on the world.” 
All of his life, Winston suffered from bouts of depression, which he termed “Black Dog”.
Winston met Clementine Ogilvy Hozier in 1904. They met again at a social affair in 1908 and their romance began. Winston proposed to Clementine on 10 August 1908 and they were married on 12 September 1908. They had five children, Diana, Randolph, Sarah, Marigold, and Mary. Marigold died at the age of 2 1/2 years. The family home was called ‘Chartwell’ in Kent.
Winston entered the British Army as a cavalry officer in 1895. He was at the Battle of Khartoum in 1898. He also served as a war correspondent and was taken prisoner in South Africa during the Boer Wars.
Churchill entered Parliament in 1901. In 1904, he left the Conservative party to join the Liberals, in part in hopes of gaining stature faster as they were quickly coming to power. His plan worked, and he became Home Secretary in 1910 and First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911. He was in this position when World War I began in 1914.
Despite a gallant effort and attempt to defeat the Germans with Allied forces, namely the French, Churchill's strategy with the Royal Navy led to him resign in 1916 after it failed.
Winston served as the British Prime Minister from 1940 - 1945 during most of England’s battles during World War II, keeping up his duties despite a heart attack in 1941 and a battle with pneumonia in 1943. He was Prime Minister again from 1951 - 1955.
Winston's other achievements including painting, writing, public speaker, historian, as well as holding various governmental positions over a period of 50 years, including President of the Board of Trade and Secretary of the State of War.
Winston Churchill provided the English people with the spirit and hope to endure during the very dark days of the ‘blitz’, plane attacks over England. He was famous for stating England would see ‘Victory’ and held his fingers in the sign of a “V” for victory. He had tried to warn others of the power and forces that Hitler was building in Germany but his warning were unheeded.
His speeches to the people were inspirational.
After his years in political service, he retired in 1955 to his home Chartwell House in Kent, as well as spending much time in France. He enjoyed his painting and writing. In 1963, United States President John F. Kennedy made him an honorary citizen of the US. He was too ill to attend the ceremony, but his son and grandson went in his place.
In January 1965, Winston suffered another and final severe stroke.  He died 9 days later on 24 January 1965 at his London home 28 Hyde Park Gate.    After lying in state at Westminster Hall followed by a State Funeral on 30 January, he was buried in St. Martin Churchyard, Bladon, Oxfordshire, England. There is also a memorial for him at Guildhall in London.
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