Categories: Irish Saints and Clergy.
Colum Cille; Saint Columba was an Irish abbot and missionary who played a major role in the spread of Christianity in Scotland; he was held in high esteem by both the Gaels of Dál Riata in the west, and the Picts of north and eastern Scotland. His name, "Colum Cille" in English means "the Dove of the Church".
From the The Annuls of Ulster U553.3 ''I have found this in the Book of Cuanu: The relics of Patrick were placed sixty years after his death in a shrine by Colum Cille. Three splendid halidoms were found in the burial-place: his goblet, the Angel's Gospel, and the Bell of the Testament. This is how the angel distributed the halidoms: the goblet to Dún, the Bell of the Testament to Ard Macha, and the Angel's Gospel to Colum Cille himself. The reason it is called the Angel's Gospel is that Colum Cille received it from the hand of the angel."
When a prince fatally injured a rival in a game of hurley, he sought sanctuary with Colum Cille, a sanctuary ignored when Diarmaid's men dragged the prince away from the saint and killed him, prompting Colum Cille to organise men loyal to the High King to go to war. History records that "3000 unprepared souls" were consigned to eternity, Colum Cille was censure and there was a threat of excommunication. Colum Cille would spend the remainder of his days working toward winning as many souls for Christ as those lost in that battle.  About 563 he and twelve companions crossed to Dunaverty near Southend, Argyll, in Kintyre and begun their mission in Scotland.  Conall Mac Comgaill, a king of Dál Riata, is said to have given the island of Iona to Columb Cille.  The abbey on Iona became the burial place of kings, and a dominant religious and political institution in the region for centuries. The monks of Iona built a new monastery at Kells in 807, later moving their headquarters to Derry in 1150.
He was active in politics, particularly at a time in which the the men of Alba were at war with the men of Ireland, when he attended the great convention of Druim Ceat where the Áed Mac Ainmuirech King of Ireland was camped for over a year with all the great men of Ireland, both chiefly and clerical, devising laws, dealing out justice and defending Ireland's interests in the Kingdom of Dál Riata  
Colum Cille devised a law for the protection of non-combatants, the Lex Innocentium which was enforced by King Domnall of Mide and promoted by Sléibéne, Abbot of Iona in the mid- 8th century.  This law protecting those who did not bear arms adhered to in the wars of Donnchad mac Domnaill and Bresal; and became a generally adhered to policy until recent times, " a seventh-century precedent for the Geneva Convention."  
Colm Cille is remembered as a writer, a poet and scribe. The Cathach of Colum Cille is the oldest surviving Irish manuscript, once thought to have been written by Colm Cille himself. The influence and teaching of Colum Cille continued to guide the clergy long after his death; in 0807, a new monastery of Colum Cille was built at Cenannas, (Kells, in county Meath) For several hundred years, these flourishing monasteries initiated by Colm Cille continued to foster the great flow of creativity and craftsmanship responsible for magnificent works of art such as the Book of Kells and the Lindisfarne Gospels.  And the Clergy in turn continued in attempting to exert their moral authority over the rulers of Ireland and Scotland. 
Colum Cille's status as a saint is as one of the Blessed, canonised locally as a result of popular devotion, rather than by declaration of the Roman Catholic Church. 
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