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Charles Clay (1638 - abt. 1686)

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Dr Charles Clay
Born in Charles City, Virginia Colonymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Henrico,, Virginia Colonymap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Henrico, Virginia Colonymap
Clay-11 created 6 Aug 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 18 Sep 2017
12:24: David Douglass edited the Biography for Charles Clay. [Thank David for this]
This page has been accessed 5,218 times.

Categories: Rebels - Bacon's Rebellion.



Dr. Charles Clay, son of Capt John Thomas Clay and Ann (possibly the son of Elizabeth, 2nd wife of John Clay, and not Ann) [1] born abt 1638 at Charles City, Virginia Colony, married Hannah Wilson abt 1667 at Henrico, Co., Virginia Colony and died abt May/June, 1686 at Henrico, Co., Virginia Colony [2] [3] [4] Charles married HANNAH WILSON 1667 in Henrico County, Virginia, daughter of JOHN WILSON, SR ,she was born 1642 in Henrico County, Virginia, and died 1706 in Henrico County, Virginia. [5] [6]

Note: Dr Clay's Find A Grave Memorial [7] gives his birth date as 1638 while another source states that Dr Clay gave a deposition dated 2 September, 1682, Henrico Co., Va., and in sworn testimony he stated that he was "about 37 years old". That would make his year of birth about 1645. [8] Based on other evidence the 1638 date of birth appears to be most accurate.

In 1657 Charles apprenticed himself to Stephen Tickner, "Chyrugion," of Surry County, who was to "Employ him about the way of Chyrurgery or Phissake, for & during the terms of Seven yeares…" [9]

Bacon's Rebellion

A rebel participant in Bacon's Rebellion. Charles Clay was an officer under Nathaniel Bacon in his rebellion against Sir William Berkeley, Royal Governor of Virginia in 1676. [10]


CHARLES CLAYE married HANNAH WILSON, daughter of John Wilson, Sr., and sister of John Wilson, Jr., to whom he gave a receipt for his wife’s full share of her father’s estate, 18 Feb. 1685/6. Shortly thereafter CHARLES died intestate about May, 1686. 1 June 1686 his widow HANNAH was granted letters of administration on his estate. An inventory of Dr Clay's estate was returned 15 June, 1686. [11]

On 1 Oct. 1787 HANNAH CLAY made a deed of gift of cattle and personality to "John Clay, Thomas Clay, Henry Clay and Charles Clay, my sonnes" and to "my daughter Judith." She married (2nd) before 10 April 1696, Edward Stanley. She probably died before 20 Aug. 1706 when Edward Stanley was ordered "to bring the remaining orphans of CHARLES CLAY to the next Court to discharge the securities of their estates."


Children named in Charles will: #Mary , named in the inventory of her father’s estate;

  1. Elizabeth named in the inventory of her father’s estate;
  2. John ,
  3. Thomas ,
  4. Henry ,
  5. Charles ,
  6. Judith .

DNA Matches

There is a 8 segment auDNA match for a total segment size of 47.4 cM between kit T824570 (David Douglas) GEDCOM ID:1537834 and kit T783064 (*Ross) GEDCOM ID:6638451
There is a 7 segment auDNA match for a total segment size of 25.0 cM between Kit T824570 (David Douglas) and A539559 (*M Golden) 5th cousins, 2x removed
There is a 5 segment auDNA match for a total segment size of 18.3 cM between kit T824570 (David Douglas) and T653907 (Charles Tatum) 5th cousins, 2x removed


  1. Clay - Fact and Fiction an address to the Jamestowne Society, May 6, 1995 by the late Robert Young Clay, (4 September 1936-6 May 2010), renowned Clay researcher and speaker, Archivist for the Library of Virginia, and artist.]
  2. Edmund West, comp.. Family Data Collection - Individual Records [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2000.
  3. Charles Clay 1638 in Charles City
  4. [1]
  5. Clay Family Scroll Transcription
  6. Find A Grave Memorial# 59355840 Created by: David Reese, unsourced
  7. Find A Grave Memorial# 59355840
  8. Charles Clay & Hannah Wilson, Boyd Co, Press Observer Jan 29, 1976
  9. Ibid
  10. A List of the Names and some of the Residences of the Rebel Participants in Bacon's Rebellion of 1676 in Colonial Virginia
  11. Ibid
See Also:


Will: October 01, 1687, Recorded in Henrico County, Virginia
i.MARY CLAY, b. 1664, Henrico County, Virginia.
ii. ELIZABETH CLAY, b. 1666, Henrico County, Virginia.
iii. JOHN CLAY, b. 1668, Henrico County, Virginia; d. 1723,
Prince George County, Virginia.
Joined in Bacon's Rebellion. Charles Clay was an officer under
Nathaniel Bacon in his rebellion against Sir William Berkeley,
Royal Governor of Virginia in 1676. He was a man of great wealth
and scholarly tastes and possessed the finest library in the colony.
Occupation was as a Chyrurgion (Surgeon) .
Birth may have been 1645 -"In a deposition dated 2 Sep 1682,
Henrico, VA, he stated he was "about 37 years old". This does not seem likely as he began his training in medicine in 1657.
iv. COL. THOMAS CLAY 8, b. 1670, Henrico County, Virginia; d. 1726,
Prince George County, Virginia; m. MARY HANNAH MUNNS , Aft. 1690.
Will probated November 8, 1726
Marriage: Aft. 1690
v. HENRY CLAY I b. August 03, 1672, Henrico County, Virginia;
d. August 03, 1760, "The Raells, Bailey, Chesterfield County, Virginia;
m. MARY MITCHELL, 1708, Chesterfield County, Virginia 15; b. July 1693,
Swift Creek, Chesterfield County, Virginia; d. August 07, 1777, Chesterfield County, Virginia.
vi. CHARLES CLAY, JR., b. 1675, Henrico County, Virginia; d. 1764,
Chesterfield County, Virginia; m. SARAH MITCHELL?, 1710,
Chesterfield County, Virginia.
Charles Clay (1675-1764) deeded his land in Amelia County, Virginia
in 1752 to his children as follows:
Thomas 150 acres, Charles and William 52 acres each, Judith 50 acres.
Henry a minister died in 1751, his daughter Mary received his part.
James inherited the home place at his mother Sarah's death.
Dr. Grady Clay of Atlanta has the original deed from King George to
Charles Clay for 304 acres dated 1737.
Marriage: 1710, Chesterfield County, Virginia
vii. JUDITH CLAY, b. Bet. 1676 - 1677, Henrico County, Virginia.'


This person was created through the import of LaBach Family Tree April 28_2011.ged on 05 May 2011.

Clay-1613 was created by Paul Bailey through the import of Bailey Family Tree.ged on Dec 14, 2014.

This biography was auto-generated by a GEDCOM import.[12]

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Charles by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Charles:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.


On 15 Sep 2017 at 23:22 GMT Yvonne (Williams) Doñate wrote:

Clay-1326 and Clay-11 appear to represent the same person because: They appear to be the same person, clay -11 is just more researched

On 12 May 2017 at 06:30 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

On 4 Jul 2015 at 16:35 GMT William Foster Jr wrote:

Clay-1828 and Clay-11 appear to represent the same person because: Same name of father, both Doctors, same locations of birth/death.

On 1 Feb 2014 at 08:50 GMT Betty Tindle wrote:

Ok, I screwed up. I messed up the links within the profile.  :/ Been a while since I did any html. Afraid to try and fix as I cannot ascertain exactly where the links are. (I did not remove the link location, just the way to make it so you can get there) Such as the jessecorn.html, I did not change that, but do not know where it is as that is all there is on the link. I PROMISE I didn't mess that part up.  :( Send me nasty notes, I deserve them. :(

On 31 Jan 2014 at 17:49 GMT Betty Tindle wrote:

Good morning! This profile has been identified by an Arborist as a possible duplicate with Clay-11. Please review the merge option on the bottom left hand corner of the profile and merge if they represent the same person. Thank you! Have a great day!

Charles is 17 degrees from Kevin Bacon, 22 degrees from Robynne Lozier, 9 degrees from Pocahontas Rolfe and 14 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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