Robert (Clifford) de Clifford

Robert (Clifford) de Clifford (abt. 1273 - 1314)

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Sir Robert "1st Lord Clifford" de Clifford formerly Clifford
Born about in Clifford Castle, Herefordshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of [half]
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Battle of Bannockburn, Stirlingshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified | Created 21 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 7,083 times.

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Robert Clifford is a descendant of a Magna Carta surety baron.
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Sir Robert de Clifford is a descendant of Magna Carta surety barons
Hugh le Bigod and Roger le Bigod.

Contents

Biography

Name and Titles

Robert de Clifford, knight, of "Appleby, Brougham, Stainmore, etc., Westmoreland, Singleborough (in Great Horwood), Buckinghamshire, Hart, Durham, Essindine, Rutland, Winderton (in Brailes), Warwickshire, Tenbury, Worcestershire, etc., hereditary Sheriff of Westmorland, Governor of Carlisle and Nottingham Castles, Warden of the Marches of Scotland, Guardian of Norham Castle"[1]

1st Baron de Clifford, created by writ 1299[2]
1st Lord Clifford[1]
Earl Marshal of England (1307–1308)[2]
1st Lord of the Honour of Skipton, in Craven. (ref: Clifford pedigree under the title: 'Table Showing the Descent of the Barony of Clifford')

Birth

Birth: abt 5 April 1276[3] at Clifford Castle, Herefs, England[citation needed] (age 8 in 1282[1])
"born about Easter 1273"[4]
Easter 1273 (9 April 1273)[5] (Easter 1274 was 1 April 1274, which is what his #Wikipedia article says, albeit without a source)

Parents

Parents: Roger de Clifford and Isabel de Vipont married "shortly after June 28, 1265"[1][6]
  • Child: Robert de Clifford,[7] son and heir[1]

Marriage

Wife: married November 13, 1295 Maud de Clare, daughter of Sir Thomas de Clare of Thomond in Connought, Ireland, by his wife Juliane, daughter of Maurice Fitz Maurice, Knt., Justiciar of Ireland[1]

Death and Burial

Death: 24 June 1314, slain at the Battle of Bannockburn[2]
Burial: Abbey church of St. Mary Magdalene (Shap Abbey), Shap Rural, Cumbria, (Westmorland), England[1][8]

Note. Regarding the burial of Sir Robert de Clifford, 1st Lord Clifford at Shap Abbey. Alton Rogers received an e-mail of January 15, 2007 from Jean Jackson with the Shap Local History Society (jeanjackson_hermitage@btinternet.com) regarding the burial of Robert de Clifford at Shap Abbey. She said "There is a book called 'Shappe in Bygone Days' which was written by our Vicar in 1898 which has a chapter on the Abbey of St. Mary Magdalene. He was a historian and the following is an extract from the chapter: Next is a presbytery. Immediately on the left is an ambry or cupboard for the service books and sacred vessels. Below is a gravestone, which may be over the body of Robert de Clifford, who fell at Bannockburn. There is no evidence except the incised sword, which indicates that the grave is of one slain in battle. A note under this says 'On Sunday June 24th 1314, in his 40th year. His body was sent to King Edward at Berwick.' Another Robert died May 20th 1345 (sic) and is probably buried here."

Issue

Children:

Disputed Relations

Note: The following profiles for siblings/children that are probably someone else's were detached from Robert and his wife Maud Clare or his parents Roger de Clifford and Isabel de Vipont:

Siblings John and Idonea
Children John, Andrew, Catherine

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10
    Magna Carta Ancestry (#Richardson)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 #Wikipedia
  3. Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols., ed. Kimball G. Everingham, (Salt Lake City, Utah: the author, 2013)
  4. 4.0 4.1 his entry in the Dictionary of National Biography (#DNB)
  5. Date from this Regnal calendar
  6. "They had one son, Robert, Knt. [1st Lord Clifford]." (#Richardson)
  7. George E. Cokayne, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 291
  8. Shap Abbey (#English_Heritage)

Acknowledgements

Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than Clifford-242 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged. Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.

This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted January 2014.




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Images: 3
Robert de Clifford
Robert de Clifford

Sire Rob't de Clifford
Sire Rob't de Clifford

Sir Robert de Clyfford
Sir Robert de Clyfford

Collaboration

On 5 Oct 2018 at 12:08 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

Seems he was the first parliamentary baron Clifford, so I'll make him the last feudal baron of applby in our category for now

On 24 Jun 2018 at 17:06 GMT Bill Grunwald Sr wrote:

http://www.castlewales.com/clifford.html

Here is the WEB site for Clifford Castle

On 17 Jan 2018 at 01:42 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

fyi - I added WikiTree-36 (the project account for Magna Carta project) to meet clarified guidelines - see https://www.wikitree.com/g2g/510196/explanation-removing-protection-profiles-project-accounts

Cheers, Liz

On 23 Sep 2015 at 15:00 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:

Liz, I've never heard 'Lord of the Honour..." The Oxford DNB states that between March & Sept. 1310, three royal grants gave him the castle and manor of Skipton in Craven in Yorkshire. So I'd say, yes, he was lord of the castle. But we don't list those type of things in the 'title' field. I've removed it.

On 22 Sep 2015 at 22:32 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

oh. I didn't read close enough for long enough. Royal Ancestry (p 242) says "In 1310 he was granted the manor of Skipton in Craven, Yorkshire by the king." His son's entry (p 243) just lists "Skipton in Craven" in the long list of "of" places following "3rd Lord Clifford."

I'm new to English titles and such - is there a reference that would show me how "of Skipton in Craven" turns into "Lord of the Honour of Skipton" & why it should be singled out from the litany of places listed by Richardson?

On 22 Sep 2015 at 22:13 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

"Lord of the Honour of Skipton" was added to the field with 1st Lord Clifford at the same time as a citation for Richardson's Royal Ancestry & his birth year was changed. I verified that Royal Ancestry has 1476 as the year he was born, but couldn't find where it said he was "Lord of the Honour of Skipton". Could someone add a source for that?

Thanks!

On 13 Aug 2015 at 12:56 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

update: merge completed

Clifford-1767 and Clifford-242 appear to represent the same person because: same name/wife

On 11 Jun 2015 at 16:30 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:

Oxford DNB lists Robert, Roger & Margaret, while Magna Carta Ancestry also mentions Idonea.

On 10 Jun 2015 at 14:31 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

update: profiles for extra relatives removed

If you have sources for any of the children (or siblings) flagged "[citation needed]", please add them. They need to have some support or be detached from this profile. Thanks!

On 10 Jun 2015 at 12:13 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Hi! This profile is in the Magna Carta trail between the Gateway Ancestor Robert Peyton and Magna Carta surety barons Hugh Bigod and Roger Bigod.

See Magna Carta suggested lines for the profiles between Robert and Idoine (Clifford-59) Percy and her connection to the Bigods through her father (Clifford-242). For more information about the Magna Carta project, see the project page. To see information about the 800th Anniversary of the signing of the Magna Carta, see Magna Carta 800th.

Cheers, Liz



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