George Clifford KG

George Clifford KG (1558 - 1605)

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Sir George "3rd Earl of Cumberland, Lord Clifford, 13th Lord of the Honour of Skipton, Lord Vipont, Baron Vescy" Clifford KG
Born in Brougham Castle, Westmorland, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Duchy House in the Savoy, London, Middlesex, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Jun 2011
This page has been accessed 751 times.

Categories: Knights Companion of the Garter | University of Cambridge | University of Oxford | English Privateers.

British Aristocracy
George Clifford KG was a member of aristocracy in the British Isles.
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George Clifford had black hair, a dimple in his chin, and an exquisite shape of body according to his diarist daughter, Lady Anne Clifford.[1]

He was born on 8 August[2] in 1558 at Brougham,[3] Westmorland, England. George's parents were Henry Clifford, second Earl of Cumberland, and his second wife, Anne, the daughter of Lord Dacre of Greystock, Gilsland and Kirkoswald.[3]

George had siblings:

  1. Francis;[3]

George Clifford graduated at Cambridge University then gained a Master's degree in mathematics at Oxford.[3]

Henry, his father, died at Brougham in 1570.[3]

George married Lady Margaret Russell.[3]

George and Margaret had children:

  1. a son who died;
  2. a son who died; and
  3. Anne, born 30 January 1590;[1]

George financed eleven expeditions to places such as Madagascar and the Caribbean. He commanded the Elizabeth Bonaventure in the naval battle against the Spanish Armada in 1588.[1] George was made Queen's Champion in 1590 and admitted to the Most Noble Order of the Garter in 1592.[1] He was a witness at the execution of Mary Queen of Scots.[3] A favourite of his Queen, Elizabeth I of England, he wore her glove in his hat (as can be seen in his portrait).

His wife, "the beautiful and talented" Margaret, Countess of Cumberland, and her sister, Anne Dudley nee Russell Countess of Warwick, were pallbearers at the funeral of Elizabeth I, Queen of England.[1]

George and Margaret were living apart, because of "some unhappie unkindness towards" his wife, when he died three months past 47 in 1605, in the Duchy house by the Savoy in London.[1] [4] Despite the original entail of his family's property, made by Edward II, specifying the Viteripont estates should descend to the direct heir,[4] George made his will in 1603 leaving his sole legal heir, Anne, £15,000, and the rest to his brother, Francis, who became the fourth earl of Cumberland when Anne was 15. Her mother, Margaret started what was to be a forty year battle for Anne to regain her inheritance, which she did in 1643.[3] Anne his daughter and his wife Margaret were present at his death, and Anne wrote in her diary that he said he had a great belief that his brother's son would die without sons and all his Landes would become hers.[4]

George Clifford third Earl of Cumberland was buried at Skipton, next to his father and grandfather, and his daughter Anne built him "the grandest monument ever built for someone not of royal blood".[4]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Cliffard, 1994, pp. 1-3.
  2. Buck Howe, Ancestors of PBHowe.ged,, June 6, 2011
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 Cliffard, 1994, pp. 10-1
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Cliffard, 1994, pp. 14-5.
  • Royal Ancestry D. Richardson 2013 Vol. I p. 511
  • Clifford pedigree: Table Showing the Descent of the Barony of Clifford

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No known carriers of George's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 1
George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, (1558-1605)
George Clifford, 3rd Earl of Cumberland, (1558-1605)


On 1 Oct 2017 at 12:38 GMT RJ Horace wrote:

Clay, J.W: Extinct Northern Peerages, page 26, XVI.

George is 23 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 11 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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