Harry Clifford KB

Henry Clifford KB (1454 - 1523)

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Sir Henry (Harry) "10th Lord Clifford of Westmorland and Vescy, 10th Lord of the Honour of Skipton" Clifford KB
Born in Skipton, Yorkshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about [location unknown]
Husband of — married before [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Shap Abbey, Westmorland, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 23 Aug 2011
This page has been accessed 3,447 times.

Contents

Biography

Harry Clifford KB was a member of aristocracy in England.

Royal Ancestors

Through his father:
William I, "The Conqueror", King of England[1] - 13th great grandfather.
Henry II, King of England[2] - 10th great grandfather.
Philippe IV, King of France [3] - 7th great grandfather.
Edward I, "Longshanks", King of England[4] - 7th great grandfather.
Edward III, King of England[5] - 5th great grandfather.

Henry Clifford, son and heir of the 9th Lord Clifford, was born in 1454.

He succeeded his father as a minor in 1461, but his titles and estates were then forfeited by the posthumous attainder of his father, a Lancastrian, and not restored until the accession of Henry VII in 1485.

The legend of him as 'The Shepherd Lord', having been raised by his mother in obscurity and his brother smuggled abroad where he died, for their safety, and then emerged into public view "with the manners and education of a shepherd", was prob. invented by Edward Hall in the mid-16th cent. In reality both he and his brother were in little danger from the crown, was known not only to be literate but owned numerous scientific, legal and medical books and his brother Richard was alive in England in 1499.

He married Anne St John, daughter of Sir John St John of Bletsoe, KB, the King's mother's half-brother, by his 1st wife, Alice Bradshagh. It is not known what Anne thought of being married to a shepherd.

They had 4 sons (Henry, Sir Henry KG, Sir Thomas, and Edward) and 6 daughters (Elizabeth, Joan, Mabel, Anne, Eleanor, and Margaret).

His wife was living in 1506, but dead by 1511.

Before 15 Jul 1511 he married Florence, widow of Sir Thomas Talbot of Bashall in Craven, and daughter of Henry Pudsey, of Bolton-by-Bolland.

They had 2 sons, names unknown, and a daughter (Dorothy, wife of Sir Hugh Lowther).

He and Florence became estranged and in 1521 she sued him for conjugal rights. This may be the period when he fathered his illegitimate son, Anthony Esq.

He died 23 Apr 1523. His widow married Sir Richard Grey, younger son of the 1st Marquess of Dorset.

Sources

  1. Great grandfather of Henry II (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_the_Conqueror)
  2. Great grandfather of Edward I (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_II_of_England)
  3. Maternal grandfather of Edward III of England (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_IV_of_France)
  4. Grandfather of Edward III (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_I_of_England)
  5. Mahler, Leslie: "Samuel Levis, Quaker Immigrant to Pennsylvania", The Genealogist, Spring 1999, Vol 13, No 1, p. 30-36 (PDF download)
See also:

Notes

Brougham Castle is a medieval building about 2 miles (3.2 km) south-east of Penrith, Cumbria, England. It is a Scheduled Monument and open to the public. Founded by Robert de Vieuxpont in the early 13th century on the site of a Roman fort, it sits near the confluence of the rivers Eamont and Lowther. In its earliest form, the castle consisted of a stone keep, with an enclosure protected by an earthen bank and a wooden palisade. When the castle was built, Robert de Vieuxpont was one of only a few lords loyal to the king in the region. The Vieuxponts were a powerful land-owning family in North West England and also owned the castles of Appleby and Brough. In 1264 Robert de Vieuxpont's grandson, also named Robert, was declared a traitor and his property was confiscated by Henry III. Brougham Castle and the other estates were eventually returned to the Vieuxpont family, and stayed in their possession until 1269 when the estates passed to the Clifford family through marriage.

With the outbreak of the Anglo-Scottish Wars in 1296, Brougham became an important military base for Robert Clifford, 1st Baron de Clifford. He began refortifying the castle: the wooden outer defences were replaced with stronger, more impressive stone walls, and the large stone gatehouse was added. The importance of Brougham and Roger Clifford was such that in 1300 he hosted Edward I at the castle. The second Roger Clifford was executed as a traitor in 1322, and the family estates passed into the possession of Edward II, although they were returned once Edward III became king. The region was often at risk from the Scots, and in 1388 the castle was captured and sacked.

Following this, the Cliffords began spending more time at their other castles, particularly Skipton Castle in Yorkshire. Brougham descended through several generations of Cliffords, intermittently serving as a residence. However, by 1592 it was in a state of disrepair as George Clifford was spending more time in southern England due to his role as Queen's Champion. The castle was briefly restored in the early 17th century to such an extent that James I was entertained there in 1617. In 1643, Lady Anne Clifford inherited the estates, including the castles of Brougham, Appleby and Brough, and set about restoring them. Brougham Castle was kept in good condition for a short time after Lady Anne's death in 1676; however, the Earl of Thanet, who had inherited the Clifford estates, sold the its furnishings in 1714. The empty shell was left to decay as it was too costly to maintain. As a ruin, Brougham Castle inspired a painting by J. M. W. Turner and was mentioned at the start of William Wordsworth's poem The Prelude, and was the subject of Wordsworth's Song at the Feast of Brougham Castle upon the Restoration of Lord Clifford, the Shepherd, to the Estates and Honours of his Ancestors. The castle was left to the Ministry of Works in the 1930s and is today maintained by its successor, English Heritage.No more info is currently available for Henry de Clifford. Can you add to his biography?'

Extract from Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brougham_Castle

Shap Abbey was a monastic religious house of the Premonstratensian order on the western bank of the River Lowther in the civil parish of Shap Rural, around 1.5 miles (2.4 km) from the village of Shap, in the Eden District of Cumbria, England. The site is in the care of English Heritage and managed on its behalf by the Lake District National Park. History

Although the present Shap Abbey was built in 1199, the monastic community was originally founded on another site 20 miles south near Kendal in 1190, but it moved to the present site, then called 'Hepp', in 1199. The old name meant 'a heap' but it gradually assumed the present day name "Shap" over the next 100 years.

Henry's Burial Location Shap Abbey escaped the initial phase of the Dissolution of the Monasteries in 1536, but it was closed in 1540 and subsequently sold to the Governor of Carlisle. Most of the abbey buildings have been demolished, however the tower remains are still impressive, and the outline of the building plan is clearly visible.

Masonry was robbed away at the end of the 17th century to build Shap Market Hall, and much of the ornate carved stonework was also removed and used in the building of Lowther Castle. Many of the monastic buildings were incorporated into a farmhouse and used as barns, and little has happened to these over the last four centuries as they have formed part of a working farm.

From Wiki http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shap_Abbey



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