Cadwallader Colden

Cadwallader Colden (1688 - 1776)

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Governor Cadwallader Colden
Born in Irelandmap
Son of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married in Kelso, Scotlandmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Spring Hill, Queens Co, Long Island, New Yorkmap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Feb 2015
This page has been accessed 352 times.

Categories: Province of New York Governors.


Cadwallader Colden was born of Scottish parents in Ireland on 7 February 1687/8, while his mother was visiting Ireland.[1] His father was Rev. Alexander Colden A.B. of Duns, Berwickshire, mother was Janet Hughes. [2] He attended the University of Edinburgh on his parents' expectation that he would become a minister of the Church of Scotland, but after completing his studies in 1705 he was disinclined toward the ministry and turned instead to the study of "physic" (i.e, medicine). When he finished his education, his father lacked the financial means to set him up as a physician in Scotland or England, so Cadwallader decided to emigrate to America, where a widowed and childless sister of his mother was in a position to help him begin a medical practice. He arrived in Philadelphia in 1710, where he resided with his aunt and established a professional practice.[3]

In 1715 he returned to Great Britain for a visit and was married to Alice Christy (also called Christie or Chryste) in Kelso, Scotland, on 11 November 1715. In 1716 they traveled together to Philadelphia, and he resumed his medical practice there.[3]

In 1718 he visited New York, where he made the acquaintance of Governor Robert Hunter, who subsequently invited him to relocate to New York with his family and offered him "an office of profit" there. On 6 October 1718 he petitioned (together with James Kennedy and James Alexander) for a grant of 2,000 acres of land in Ulster County, New York, and on 9 April 1719 he received a warrant of patent for the land.[4] On 18 February 1720 Governor Hunter issued a warrant appointing Cadwallader Colden as Surveyor of Lands for the Province of New York. [5]

He was the Governor of the Province of New York 1760-1762, 1763-1765, 1769-1770. 1774-1775.[2]

He died at Spring Hill, near Flushing, Long Island, New York, on 20 September 1776.[1]


Children of Cadwallader Colden and his wife Alice were:[1]

  1. Alexander, born in Philadelphia, 13 August 1716.
  2. David, died in infancy.
  3. Elizabeth, born in New York, 5 February 1719.
  4. Cadwallader, born in New York, 26 May 1722.
  5. Jane, born in New York, 27 March 1724.
  6. Alice, born in New York, 27 September 1725.
  7. Sarah, born 6 July 1727; died 3 June 1729.
  8. John, born 28 May 1729; died unmarried on 21 August 1750.
  9. Catharine, born 13 February 1731; died unmarried in June 1762.
  10. David, born 23 November 1733.


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Purple, page 170.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wikipedia on Cadwallader Colden
  3. 3.0 3.1 Purple, page 161.
  4. Purple, pages 161-162.
  5. Purple, page 162.

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Cadwallader Colden - Governor of New York
Cadwallader Colden - Governor of New York


Cadwallader is 25 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 10 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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