Anthony (Comeau) Coombs
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Anthoine (Comeau) Coombs (abt. 1661 - aft. 1746)

Anthoine (Anthony) Coombs formerly Comeau
Born about in Port Royal, Acadie, Nouvelle-Francemap [uncertain]
Son of [uncertain] and [uncertain]
Husband of — married 5 Sep 1688 in Wells, York, Mainemap
Descendants descendants
Died after in Rochester, Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 13 Mar 2011
This page has been accessed 1,502 times.
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Contents

Biography

NOTICE: this profile is protected by the Acadian Project because of name change. Please contact the Acadian Project before making any substantive changes. Thanks for helping make WikiTree the best site for accurate information.

Antoine Comeau (anglicized as Anthony Coombs) was born about 1661 in Port Royal (then Nouvelle-France) Nova Scotia.[1] He was the 5th son of Pierre Comeau and Rose Bayol (or Bayon) who married about 1650.[2][3]

Anthony moved in 1684 from Port Royal to the part of Massachusetts which later became the state of Maine to work for Louis Allain (anglicized as Lewis Allen). When Lewis Allen abandoned his property in Wells to return to Port Royal in 1686 or 1687, he left Anthony Coombs on his land.[4] "At that time Anthony may still have been bound by his apprenticeship contract. However, that compact had undoubtedly expired by February 1688, since apprentices were normally barred from marrying during their period of servitude."[5]. Note: if this is true, then it raises the possibility that Coombs and Comeau, who was found in the 1686 Acadian census living with his father at age 24 are not the same[6]. See Similarities and Connections section for possible reasons for this.

On February 5, 1688 Anthony was married to Dorcas Wooden by Mr. Martin (minister) in Wells, Maine.[7][8][9] [10] [11]She was born at Rowley, MA on Feb. 10, 1671, daughter of John Wooden[12][4][13] and Mary (Johnson) Wooden.[4][14][12]

Anthony and Dorcas' 12 children included: 1. Mary, baptized at Beverly, MA on Nov. 3, 1689.[15] 2. Peter, baptized at Beverly, MA on Oct. 18, 1691.[16] 3. Tabitha, baptized at Wenham, MA in 1693,[17] probably died young. 4. Anthony, born at Wells, ME on 1 Mar 1695 [18]and baptized in Wenham in 1695.[19] 5. Sarah, born say 1697, probably at Sandwich, MA. 6. John, born at Rochester, MA on Mar. 18, 1699.[20] 7. Hannah, born at Rochester on Nov. 30, 1700.[21] 8. Rosanna, born at Rochester on Nov. 23, 1700.[22] 9. Ithamer, born at Rochester on Nov. 20, 1704.[23] 10. Joshua, born at Rochester on July 28, 1706.[24] 11. Frances, born July 20, 1708.[25] 12. Jane, born at Rochester on Mar. 29, 1710.[26]

Life in Wells
Shortly after their marriage, the King William’s War [1689–1697] broke out and Anthony sent his young bride to live with her family in Essex County, MA. Meanwhile, Anthony spent much of his time in Wells; his section of the town was often in the hands of the Indians.[4][27]

On 15 Apr 1697, Anthony was in Wells and served on a Jury of Inquest: “Upon the body of John Mackaney who: was found drowned in a gunqued [Ogunquit] Rever: wee Judge it was occasioned through his onaquaintednes with the River and not by any other means”[28] The other members of the inquest jury were Jonathan Hammond, John Wheelwright, Josiah Littlefield, Eliab Littlefield, Mark Rounds, Samuel Jones, James Ros, Nathaniell Frost, John Drisco, James Denmark, and John Rodgers.

On 8 Nov 1699, John Wooden (Dorcas’ brother), with the consent of Katharine, his wife, sold a certain parcel of land in Wells, ME to Nathaniel Clark of Wells that abutted “Land claimed by Anthony Comes & Nicholas Cole near Little River Mill….”[29] This was the land purchased by Lewis Allen in 1685.

"The inhabitants of Wells were beleaguered throughout the French and Indian Wars, with devastating attacks in 1692 and 1703. In August, 1703, Wells was attacked with such desperation that in a short period of time 39 of its inhabitants were killed or made prisoners, besides many wounded."[30][31]

Life in Rochester
October 13, 1703, Anthony was one of “Seven Christian men of Rochester [MA], in addition to Mr. [Samuel] Arnold [minister], signed the covenant that day….” establishing the First Church of Rochester. [32]

In 1704, Anthony was granted land in Rochester near Peter Blackmer’s mill at Leonard’s Pond, on the condition that he “do the work of a smith among us for seven years”.[32] In the same year a road was laid out “towards the mill [the Sippican mill dam] touching John White’s land, and an old bridge, Anthony Coombs’ land, and so to Kennel Winston’s land.” [10]

In 1709 there were thirty–five members of the church, including Anthony, but not Dorcas[32] Anthony Coombs purchased “one half of the thirty first lot of fresh meadow & medow ground & swampy land…in the Township of Rochester aforesd & lyeth on the easterly branch of Sippican River….” from William Clarke “for six pounds and ten shillings in corant money of New England….” This purchase was made on 9 Feb 1703/4. [33]

on 25 Jun 1722, Anthony Coombs and Dorcas, his wife, of Rochester, Plymouth county, sold her interest in her father’s right to commonage in Haverhill, MA.[34]

Death
There is no record of the death of either Anthony or Dorcas. Dorcas had probably died before 12 Oct 1736 when Anthony conveyed their dwelling house and homestead to their son, John, without her participation in the conveyance [35] Anthony's date of death was sometime after acknowledging his final deed on 29 Aug 1746 [36], but almost certainly before 1754 when his care-givers, John and Lydia (Woodin) Coombs, removed to Brunswick, ME.[5]

DNA

Participants were enlisted from both families for a total of nine Y-46 DNA tests. Each of these participants was able to document his line of descent back to one of several different sons of either Pierre Comeau or Anthony Coombs. Using a process known as the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), of the now nine tests conducted, two of the Coombs and one Comeau descendants had exactly the same observed allele values at each of the 46 genetic locations (locus) tested and the other four participants were minimally separated from them on only one or two locus.[37]. See image of DNA results posted.[38]

Son of Pierre Comeaux and Rose Bayon
Sébastien Comeau, makes a convincing argument for the origin of Anthony Coombs in his article Anthony Coombs and His Link to the Comeau Family. He supports the assertion that Anthony was born around 1661 in Port-Royal, Antoine Comeau was the 5th son of Pierre Comeau and Rose Bayon with solid research and a DNA study that matches both descendants of the Comeau and Coombs families.[3]

"Analysis of the ancestry of Anthony Coombs, who lived in Maine between 1684 and 1730 and his link to the Comeau family of Port-Royal, Acadia. A link between him and Antoine Comeau, son of Pierre Comeau was established via documented genealogy and especially a DNA analysis between descendants of Anthony Coombs and Pierre Comeau. These two paths give the indication that Anthony Coombs was in fact Antoine Comeau."[3]
"To further the DNA analysis, a descendant of Anthony Coombs and a descendant of Pierre Comeau participated in the Geno2 project at National Geographic to determine their paternal branch. Both tests came back with same the paternal branch, R-CTS11567."[3] The results of the Y-DNA study can be seen here. There is a Comeau DNA project.

Other Similarities and Connections with Antoine Comeau

Comeau makes the following observations about Anthony:[3]

  1. Anthony Coombs (or Comes as it is sometimes written in the records) was easily interpreted as an anglicized version of Antoine Comeau.
  2. From his proximity to Louis Allain, known Acadian who lived in Port-Royal, we can guess that Allain could have contacted and hire Antoine in Port-Royal around 1684 to assist him in New England.
  3. The name of Anthony’s children can be associated with names in the first Comeau generations, a known tradition: Mary to Marie, Peter to Pierre, Ithamer to Etienne?, John to Jean, Hannah to Anne, Frances to Françoise, Jane to Jeanne.
  4. It has been said that Anthony had French ancestry and was groomed to be educated for the church and fled to New England. [10]

One known fact that is compelling in supporting the "Antoine Comeau" theory is Anthony accompanying the blacksmith Lewis Allen (Louis Allain) in 1684 from Port Royal, Nova Scotia to Maine.[4] Another piece of evidence is Allen being in Port Royal, Nova Scotia, in 1687 (see details below) this fits with the census record that Comeau uses in his article wherein Antione Comeau was included in the 1686 Acadian census. He was listed under Pierre’s household, at 24 years old.[39][6] He likely accompanied his "master" back to Port Royal to build the windmills.[40] The fact the Louis Allain anglicized his name to Lewis Allen easily leads one to believe that Anthony Coombs is an anglicized version of Antione Comeau.


Research Notes

Please note that this work is based on research by Whitney Coombs for his book, "Anthony Coombs and Dorcas Woodin - Their Origins and Descendants,"[37]

Stephen White shows Antoine Comeau in the censuses of Port Royal in 1671, 1678 and 1686 and none thereafter. He has no marriage or death for Antoine.[41]

There are no records for the birth or parents of Anthony Coombs of Wells, Maine.

Possible father Allister Coombs
Allister Coombs has been attributed as his father based upon Anthony's grandchildren settling on land once owned in the 1600's by Allister in the New Meadow River area of Maine in the 1730s.[5]. However none of the grandchildren claimed this land based on deeds or depositions that documented this relationship.[37]

Born in France
Another researcher states that Anthony Coombs was born in 1642 at France and immigrated in 1675.[42] Please note what Coombs researcher Whitney Coombs says about this source in the comment on the profile of January 4, 2018[37]

Summary Conclusion
After reviewing all the evidence it seems very likely that Anthony Coombs was the same person as Antoine Comeau born in Port Royal, Nova Scotia in 1661.

Lewis Allen / Louis Allain

Lewis Allen (Louis Allain) was probably born in France about 1654, according to the censuses of Acadia..[40]

Reportedly, he “passed from Canada to New England."[43] "However, there is no record of specifically where he came from, where and how he met up with Anthony Coombs, or when he arrived in Wells, Maine. Based on his purchases, we know that he was a man of substantial means for being only 30 years of age. We do know from subsequent records that he was a blacksmith and windmill owner."[5] Louis was a witness and bought rights in a ship on January 24, 1684 in Wells.[44] Later that same year, on the 9th of September, William and Mary Frost, who lived near Little river.[45][46] sold their 100 acre lot, dwelling–house, and one–third of the saw–mill which was built the year before, with all the iron work, to Lewis Allen, and another hundred acre lot on the east side of Little river, for £62.

On 3 July 1687, LeBorgne de Belle–Isle gave Louis Alain authorization to construct windmills at Port Royal. Louis is referred to as a blacksmith and an “Enterpreneur des moulins.”[40] In 1690 Louis married Margeurite Bourg in Port Royal. They had a son born in 1691 named Pierre and a daughter Marie born in 1693.[40] In August of 1695, Louis took the oath of allegiance in Port Royal.[47] He was in Port Royal in 1704 when he was sent by the French Governor to Wells, Maine to spy on the English. He was arrested but returned to Port Royal.[45] After the English took charge of Port Royal, in 1711, Louis Allain and his son were confined to the dungeon, where the English Governor put them in irons for encouraging desertion among the troops of the Annapolis Royal garrison.[48] After being freed, “Lewis Allen of Annapolis Royal blacksmith formerly of Wells in ye county of York appointed his trusty and well beloved friend Lewis Bane of York to be his attorney to recover his title to a parcell of Land or Ground Together with one house & mill with a stream Adjoyning thereunto lying and being Near ye Little River on ye East part of wells“… on 2 May 1719.[49] On May10, 1720, Allen sold this land, house, and mill to Lewis Bane and “Margaret Allen the Wife of me the sd Lewis Allen doth give up her Right of Dowry & Power of Thirds.”[50] Louis Allain died 16 June 1737, in Annapolis Royal.[51]

Source Notes

New England Marriages

COOMBS, Anthony & Dorcas WOODEN (1671- ); 5 Sep 1688, Wells, ME/York Co,, ME. (p. 180) [9]

Rowley Births

WOODENG (Wooden), Dorcas, d. John, Feb. 10, 1671. (p. 236)[12]

Rochester Births - Children: COMES

John ch. Anthony Coms, Mar. 18, 1699. (p. 90)
Hanah ch. Anthony Coms, Nov. 30, 1700. (p. 89)
Roseanna ch. Anthony Coms, Nov. 23, 1702. (p. 90)
Ithamer ch. Anthony Coms, Nov. 20, 1704. (p. 90)
Frances ch. Anthony Coms, July 20, 1708. (p. 89)
Jane ch. Anthony Coms, Mar. 29, 1710. (p. 90)

Rochester Marriages

Combs, Francies and James Pratt, April 17, 1727. (p. 89)
Combs, Hannah and Nicholas Hicks June 24, 1729. (p. 89)
Combs, Ithamar and Hannah Andrews, Nov. 4, 1731, (p. 89)
Combs, Joshua and Elizabeth Pratt of Middleborough, int. May 31, 1729. (p. 89)
Combs, Mary and Thomas Rayment, May 20, 1708. (p. 90)
Cumbs, John and Lidiah Wooding, Jan. 9, 1723/4. (p. 97)
Cumbs, Rose and Nathaniel Whitcomb, Jan. 21, 1723/4. (p. 97)
Cumbs, Sarah and Ichabod Bumpas, 20 Jan 1719. (p.97)

Rochester Deaths

Whitcum, Rossillah, w. Nathanell, March 8, 1737. (p. 443) [52]

Gloucester Marriages

Coombs, Anthony, and Marssah Hodgkins, Oct. 21, 1722. (p. 145)[53]

Anthony Coombs Male Birth: 1695: BOWDOIN, SAGADAHOC, MAINE Father: Anthony Coombs Mother: Dorcas Wooden

Sources

  1. Family Tree
  2. Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1671 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie. 1671 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752” Images 3-14.
    Pierre COMMEAUX, cooper, 75, wife, Rose BAYOLS; Children (1 married): Etienne 21, (not married): Pierre 18, Francoise 15, Jehan 14, Pierre 13, Anthoine 10, Jeanne 9, Marie 7, Jehan 6; cattle 16, sheep 22.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Comeau, Sébastien. "Anthony Coombs and His Link to the Comeau Family." The Comeau Website. November 13, 2013. Accessed August 03, 2018. http://comeaunet.org/en/anthony-coombs-relation-comeau-family/.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Noyes, Sybil. Genealogical Dictionary of Maine And New Hampshire. Baltimore: Genealogical Pub. Co., 1972. pg. 161 view here Limited search HathiTrust.org
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 Combs &c. Research Group. "THE COOMBS OF MAINE." COOMBS FAMILIES OF NEW ENGLAND - Maine. Accessed August 04, 2018. http://www.combs-families.org/combs/ms/coombs/03.htm#34.
  6. 6.0 6.1 Tim Hebert; Transcription of the 1686 Acadian Census, at Port-Royal, Acadie 1686 Census Transcribed. The original census can be found at Acadian Census microfilm C-2572 of the National Archives of Canada “Acadie Recensements 1671 – 1752”, Images 15-60.
    Pierre COMMEAU (widower) 88; children: Jean 21, Pierre 25, Antoine 24; 6 arpents, 4 cattle, 12 sheep, 4 hogs.
  7. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Marriages in County York, Maine 1686-1699, Vol. 28, page 118.
  8. New England Marriages to 1700. (Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2008.) Originally published as: New England Marriages Prior to 1700. Boston, Mass.: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2015.
    Name Anthony COOMBS
    Marriage 1688
    Location Wells, York, Maine, United States
    Original Text COOMBS, Anthony & Dorcas WOODEN (1671-); 5 Sep 1688; Wells, ME/York Co., ME/Beverly/Rochester {Coombs 123; Reg. 28:118; Gilmore Anc.; GDMNH 769; Snow-Estes 2:83-4}
    Record Type Marriage
    Spouse Dorcas WOODEN
    Later Residences York Co., ME, Beverly, Rochester
    Volume Name Volume 1
    Page 372
    https://www.americanancestors.org/DB1568/r/426881880
  9. 9.0 9.1 New England Marriages Prior to 1700, By Clarence Almon Torrey, Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogical Publishing Com, 1985
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Unsourced Text: Use with caution: information requires confirmation: The story of Anthony Coombs and His Descendants, by William Carey Coombs, A. C. Getchell & Sons Printers of Boston, Amelia, OH 1913. Note the introduction paragraph of this book states that it is totally undocumented, verify with other sources.
  11. Karen Theriot Reader Antoine}citing Acadie Nouvelle - www.acadienouvelle.com - accessed 3 Mar 2016) -
    Article "Racines acadiennes: Les Comeau et leurs cousins Coombs., by Denis Savard, dated 21 Jan 2016. Après le départ de son maître, Anthony Coombs épouse à Wells, le 5 septembre 1688, Dorcas Wooden, fille de John & Mary Johnson. Ils y auront sept enfants, jusqu'à ce que la famille déménage à Rochester, au Massachusetts en 1704. La ville lui a offert son terrain, à condition de desservir la localité pendant sept ans. Ils auront quatre autres enfants à cet endroit.
    After the departure of his master, Anthony Coombs married in Wells, September 5, 1688, Dorcas Wooden, daughter of John & Mary Johnson. They would have seven children there, until the family moved to Rochester, Massachusetts in 1704. The city offered him their land, on condition that they served the community for seven years. They will have four more children there.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 Vital Records of Rowley Massachusetts to the End of the Year 1849, The Essex Institute, Salem, MA, 1928
  13. Vital Records from The NEHGS Register. Online database. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2014. (Compiled from articles originally published in The New England Historical and Genealogical Register.)
    Name Dorcas WOODEN
    Marriage 1688
    Location York, Maine, United States
    Original Text Marriages in the County of York, Me., 1686-99
    Record Type Marriage
    Spouse Anthony Comes
    Volume Name 28
    Page 118
    https://www.americanancestors.org/DB522/r/426702274
  14. Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, page 769.
  15. Beverly First Church Records, Vol. 37, page 198 and Beverly, MA Vital Records, Vol. 1, page 88.
  16. Beverly First Church Records, Vol. 37, page 200 and Beverly, MA Vital Records, Vol. 1, page 83.
  17. Records of The Congregational Church in Wenham, MA, page 37 [#301].
  18. Wells, ME, Vital Records, Vol. 1, page 270.
  19. Records of The Congregational Church in Wenham, MA, page 37 [#366].
  20. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  21. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  22. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  23. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  24. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  25. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  26. Rochester, MA, Town Records, Vol. 1, page 4.
  27. Genealogical Dictionary of Maine and New Hampshire, page 161.
  28. Maine. Province and Court Records of Maine. Portland, ME: Maine Historical Society, 1928. Vol. 4, page 93 https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=umn.31951t000615046
  29. Richardson, H. W., William M. Sargent, Leonard Bond Chapman, and E. C. Bowler. York Deeds. Portland: John T. Hull, 1887. Book XIV, Folio 32. https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=wXIUAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA108
  30. Varney, George J. A Brief History of Maine. Portland, Me.: McLellan, Mosher &, 1890.
  31. History of Wells, Maine, by George J. Varney, Boston 1886, page 2.
  32. 32.0 32.1 32.2 Mattapoisett and Old Rochester, Massachusetts. New York: Grafton Press. page 73. https://archive.org/stream/mattapoisettoldr00matt#page/72
  33. Pejepscot Historical Society. "Document Archive." Pejepscot Historical Society. Accessed August 04, 2018. http://pejepscothistorical.org/collections-research/document-archive. Pejepscot Papers, Vol. 10, page 723.
  34. Essex County Registry of Deeds, Book 58, page 165
    “John,2 Wooden of Salem, Essex, John Raymond and Martha [Wooden], his wife, of Middlesex, Plymouth, James Tufts and Hannah [Wooden], his wife, all heirs of John,1 Wooden, formerly of Haverhill in Essex, for six pounds paid by Robert Peaslee of Haverhill, bargain & sell all right & title to ye commons in Haverhill which became ours in ye right of our honored father, John Wooden, as an after right in a four acre accommodation in said town”,
  35. Plymouth County, MA, Registry of Deeds, Grantee Deeds, Book 31, page 103
  36. Plymouth County, MA, Registry of Deeds, Grantor Deeds, Book 38, page 106
  37. 37.0 37.1 37.2 37.3 Coombs, Whitney J. "Anthony Coombs and Dorcas Woodin of Rochester, Massachusetts - Their Origins and Descendants". Otter Bay Books: Baltimore, MD, 2019, pages 19-45.
  38. DNA Analysis and List of DNA results
  39. Centre des archives d’outre-mer (France) , COL G1 466/35p.
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p 13 -14. Note White says Allain was given permission to build sawmills at Port Royal, and does not mention a connection with Anthony.
  41. White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print. P. 369
  42. Cox, Rachel Townsend, ed., Births (Vol 1, Page 52) Vital Records of Bowdoin, Maine, to the year 1892. [Auburn, Press of Merrill & Webber company] Published under the authority of the Maine Historical Society, 1944. (Online database accessed June 18, 2015. AmericanAncestors.org. New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2010.). Requires paid subscription.
  43. Public Archives of Canada (PAC), MCI, AC, C"d, 6, Correspondance générale, Acadie, 1707-1708, pages 365-384: Goutin au Ministre, Port Royal, 29 déc. 1708.
  44. Richardson, H. W., William M. Sargent, Leonard Bond Chapman, and E. C. Bowler. York Deeds. Portland: John T. Hull, 1887. Book VI, Folio 6. https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=Y_oPAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA8-IA15
  45. 45.0 45.1 Bourne, Edward E. The History of Wells and Kennebuck: From the Earliest Settlement to the Year 1820. Bowie, MD: Heritage Books. pg. 188 https://archive.org/stream/historyofwellske00bourrich#page/188
  46. Richardson, H. W., William M. Sargent, Leonard Bond Chapman, and E. C. Bowler. York Deeds. Portland: John T. Hull, 1887. Book VI, Folio 5. https://play.google.com/books/reader?id=Y_oPAAAAYAAJ&printsec=frontcover&output=reader&hl=en&pg=GBS.PA8-IA13
  47. Massachusetts State Archives collection, colonial period, 1622-1788 v. 2 -- Colonial (from p.206), 1638-1720 ; v. 3 -- Colonial (to p.212A), 1629-1720. Vol. II, Folio 540. https://www.familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3Q9M-C9YP-K9MF-Y?i=736&cat=1055547
  48. Calnek, W. A., and A. W. Savary. History of the County of Annapolis, including Old Port Royal and Acadia. Toronto: Briggs., 1897. pg. 63 https://archive.org/stream/cihm_00386#page/63
  49. Richardson, H. W., William M. Sargent, Leonard Bond Chapman, and E. C. Bowler. York Deeds. Portland: John T. Hull, 1887. Book IX, Folio 272. https://play.google.com/store/books/details/York_County_Me_Register_of_Deeds_York_Deeds?id=SOEyAQAAIAAJ
  50. Richardson, H. W., William M. Sargent, Leonard Bond Chapman, and E. C. Bowler. York Deeds. Portland: John T. Hull, 1887. Book XII, Folio 7. https://play.google.com/store/books/details/York_County_Me_Register_of_Deeds_York_Deeds?id=xSIzAQAAIAAJ
  51. "An Acadian Parish Remembered: The Registers of St. Jean-Baptiste, Annapolis Royal, 1702-1755 | Open Data | Nova Scotia." Data.novascotia.ca. 2018. Accessed August 04, 2018. Register RG 1 Vol. 26a, page 164. Burial Louis Alain
  52. Vital Records of Rochester, Massachusetts: To the Year 1850, Vol. I Births, Vol. II Marriages and Deaths, NEHGS, Boston, 1914
  53. Vital Records of Gloucester Massachusetts to the End of the Year 1849, Vol. II Marriages, The Essex Institute, Salem, MA, 1914

See also:

  • U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1560-1900 Author: Yates Publishing Online publication - Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004.Original data - This unique collection of records was extracted from a variety of sources including family group sheets and electronic databases.


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Anthony by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Anthony:

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Comments: 28

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I disagree with the "Note" in the Biography section suggesting that because Antoine Comeau appears in the Port Royal 1686 Census record for the household of Pierre Comeau, that Antoine Comeau is NOT the same person as Anthony Coombs. This unsubstantiated conclusion is based on: "Lewis Allen abandoned his property in Wells to return to Port Royal in 1686 or 1687, he left Anthony Coombs on his land...." "Note: if this is true, then he is likely NOT the same Antoine Comeau who was found in the 1686 census living with his father at age 24."

There are any number of possible explanations for why Antoine/Anthony is enumerated in the Port Royal 1686 census: Antoine could have returned home to bid his aged father farewell; Antoine could have come north due to the danger of area hostilities leading up to the King William War; he could have accompanied his "master," Lewis Allen back to Port Royal to build windmills; he could have needed to converse with Lewis Allen leaving Nicholas Cole on Lewis' lands in Wells; or any number of other possible, but unknown reasons.

I agree that it is an interesting question, but it certainly does not begin to outweigh the conclusive DNA data.

posted by Whitney Coombs
edited by Whitney Coombs
I agree with Cindy (Bourque) Cooper. I don't understand why Comeau-1037 and Comeau-280 are still an unmerged match. Posting also on the Comeau-280 profile.
posted by Faylene Bailey
I agree with both you and Cindy (Bourque) Cooper. The profiles for both Comeau-1037 and Comeau-280 should be merged.

Both profiles are protected by the Acadian Project. Unfortunately, the merger is blocked because the Acadian Project isn't currently using DNA to determine relationships even though both the Canadian and US courts accept DNA evidence to prove paternity relationships.

posted by Whitney Coombs
I may be coming late to this party, but perhaps as a new set of eyes, I am not sure why this continues to be an unmerged match? Based on Whitney's comment of Nov 12, 2019 and that both profiles acknowledge Antoine's parents are Pierre and Rose Bayon, and significant evidence is given for their match in Comeau-1037, it seems this merge is ready to happen now. They also have the same wife. Would anyone have further discussion about that, or should I go ahead and do that? Posting also on the Comeau-280 profile.
posted by Cindy (Bourque) Cooper
Tabitha was bpt. at Wenham, MA, in 1693, the names of her parents were not given (Records of The Congregational Church in Wenham, MA, p. 37 [entry #301]). It is presumed that she died young as she is not named in any other records.

Anthony was b. at Wells, Massachusetts Bay (ME), on 1 Mar 1694/5 (Wells, ME, Vital Records, Vol. 1, p. 270) the son of "Anthony Comes & Mary" (First Book of Town Records, Wells, ME, p. 270) and he was bpt. in Wenham, MA, in 1695 (Records of The Congregational Church in Wenham, MA, p. 37 [entry #530]), names of his parents were not given in the record. Anthony d. at Brunswick, Massachusetts Bay (ME), on 5 Sep 1765 (Records of First Parish Church, Brunswick, ME). He m. Mercy (Marssah) Hodgkins at Gloucester, MA, 21 Oct 1722 (Gloucester, MA VR, Vol. 2, p. 145).

posted by Whitney Coombs
We need to be wary of the Bowdoin, ME, birth records for Mary, Peter, Tabitha, and Anthony. These records are included in the Bowdoin, ME, Vital Records, but they are most likely the product of "Personal Record 17" who appears to have copied data from Anthony Coombs and His Descendants, by William Carey Coombs. The town of Bowdoin, ME, didn't exist before 1700, is supposed to have only been settled some years previous to the Revolutionary War, and was not incorporated until 1788 (Bowdoin, ME, Vital Records, p. 2).

Mary was bpt. at Beverly, MA, on 3 Nov 1689 (Beverly First Church Records, Vol. 37, p. 198 and Beverly, MA, Vital Records, Vol. 1, p.88).

Peter was bpt. Beverly, MA on 18 Oct 1691 as son of "Mihel & Dorcas Combs" (Beverly First Church Records, Vol. 37, p. 200).

posted by Whitney Coombs
I do not understand why this page is titled just Antoine Comeau. He was born Antoine and was Antoine until he was about 23 years old when he came to Wells, Massachusetts Bay (ME), before 24 Jan 1684. But his name was anglicized to Anthony Coombs in Wells records; he was Anthony Coombs when he m. Dorcas Woodin on 5 Sep 1688 at Wells; he was Anthony Coombs in the records of the births of his 12 children; he was Anthony Coombs when Rochester (MA) called him to come to Rochester and become their blacksmith in Nov 1697; and he was Anthony Coombs of Rochester when he acknowledged his final deed at Plymouth (MA) on 29 Aug 1746, age ca. 85y (Plymouth, MA, Registry of Deeds, Grantor Deeds, Book 38, p. 106).

So why not include the name of Anthony Coombs as being formerly Antoine Comeau?

posted by Whitney Coombs
It's ok that you changed the surname, but you didn't need to do that, since we would have merged into the Comeau profile. That's the way we handle merges like that. We only need to change the name before the merge if neither one has the correct name. Just so you know for the future. Thanks for helping with the merge.
posted by Jacqueline Girouard
I have changed the LNAB based on comment below. I have already approved the merge. Thanks.
posted by Caryl (Short) Ruckert
https://gw.geneanet.org/katheriot?lang=en&pz=frederick+joseph&nz=theriot&ocz=1&p=antoine&n=comeau

use Google translate to get the english version. We would use Comeau as his family name and Coombs as his current surname. merge needs to go into Comeau if they are the same person.

posted by Jacqueline Girouard
There is an "unmerged" match for the two profiles that are for the same person. Here is the other profile, https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Comeau-280

If someone would approve the merge then the parents would be attached.

I tried to get this addressed well over a year ago but was not successful.

posted by Caryl (Short) Ruckert
Anthony would be more correctly identified as "Anthony Coombs, formerly Antoine Comeau" since he was formerly/previously a Comeau before having his name changed to Coombs.
posted by Whitney Coombs
I am rejecting this match based on my husband's dna results. He joined the comeau project on Family Tree based on information posted on comeaunet but his dna results show that my husband is not a descendant of Pierre Comeau, Antoine's father. Thanks
posted by V (Eddy) Combs
Hi Carl,

I proposed a merge for Coombs-1755 and Coombs-55 appear to represent the same person because: These two profiles are duplicates. Please read the research on https://www.wikitree.com/wiki/Coombs-55 for details on this birth and date. Please merge to clear the duplicate.

Thanks, Caryl

posted by Caryl (Short) Ruckert

Unmerged matches › Antoine Comeau (abt.1661-)

C  >  Comeau  |  C  >  Coombs  >  Anthoine (Comeau) Coombs

Categories: Acadians