Philip Constable
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Philip Constable (abt. 1595 - 1664)

Sir Philip "1st Baronet Constable of Everingham" Constable
Born about in Everingham, Yorkshire, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married after 20 Apr 1616 [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died at about age 69 in Steeple Barton, Oxfordshire, Englandmap
Profile last modified | Created 6 Jan 2010
This page has been accessed 1,577 times.
Preceded by
Created
20 July 1642
Constable of Everingham
1642-1664
Succeeded by
Sir Marmaduke Constable, 2nd Baronet

Contents

Biography

Birth

Philip Constable was the son of Sir Marmaduke Constable and Frances Metham born in about 1595.

The family seat was Everingham, although the Constable family also had land and property in several counties but most significantly in Lincolnshire at West Rasen where the family also spent time.

Philip was aged 17 when the Visitation of Yorkshire by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms took place in 1612. His father was 38 years old.[1]

Marriage

He married Anne Roper, daughter of Sir William Roper. Whilst the location of marriage is not known, there was a marriage settlement in place prior to the marriage dated 20 April 1616, Anne's marriage portion was worth £4,000.[2]

Family

Philip Constable and Anne Roper had several known children:

  1. Barbara Constable born 1617[3]
  2. Marmaduke Constable, b. Apr 1619 d. 1680 [4]
  3. Philip Constable[5]
  4. Thomas Constable[6]
  5. Anne Constable died young.[7]
  6. Katherine Constable b. 1630, d. 30 Apr 1681[8]

Philip's grandfather Sir Philip Constable of Everingham died in 1619. His will originally written in July 1617 the probate was granted 17 October 1619.[9]

Philip is not named in the will although his brothers Robert and Michael are. We can only assume this is because of Philip's marriage settlement devised by his grandfather and father.

Relegious beliefs

The family were devout Catholics.

Three of Philip and Anne's children, Barbara, Philip and Thomas were ordained in the Order of St Benedict at Louvain.[10]

Whilst in England it was still the law for all persons to attend Anglican services once a week or be fined 12 pence (equal to about three days wages), introduced by Queen Elizabeth under the Acts of Uniformity.[11]

However, failure by Philip and the family to attend services and as the family were punished accordingly. Philip was convicted as a recusant because of his non attendance at Church of England services, Sir Philip was fined £250 a year, which he paid in half yearly installments.

Philip though did though receive a Royal pardon on 10 February 1626[12]

Philip and Anne are implied but not specifically named in her father Sir William Roper's will in 1628, although not specifically dated the probate was granted 12 November 1828.[13]

"...Item I give to my sonne Constable and his wief and three servants five blackes".

Philip's father Sir Marmaduke died 3 April 1632.

Sir Marmaduke's estate given it was on Crown lands was also subject to an Inquisition Post Mortem IPM) dated 22 October 1632. The list of land and property was extensive, located in York and in Lincolnshire.[14]

In summary Sir Philip inherited a 3000 acre estate at Middle Rasen, a 3000 acre estate at Everingham, 1000 acres at Drax in the West Riding and a house in York. [15]

Also of note is that Philip was stated as son and heir and his age given as 37 in that IPM which adds credence to his year of birth being 1595.

However, because of his recusancy, Sir Philip was restricted in his movements and could not travel more than 5 miles from his home. However, he had remained loyal to King Charles and the King even signed a Licence for Sir Philip on 28 February 1633 allowing him to travel further on specific occaisions.[16]

Philip wrote a draft will in 1636-37. Amoung the bequests, he asked to be buried in either West Rasen or Everingham, four of his children are named, only Anne is not named as she died young. In fact the Visititation of Yorkshire in 1612 confirms that latter fact.

Baronetcy

Philip Constable esquire was created a Baronet by King Charles I in 1642. He gained the title of 1st Baronet Constable, of Everingham in 20 July 1642.

His coat of arms and a detailed resume of his lineage are presented in an 18th century publication detailing the Baronets created during the King's reign.[17]

Civil war years

As a Royalist Sir Philip suffered greatly at the hands of the Parliamentarians during the Interregnum and his estates were re-sequestered in November 1652 for papist delinquency.

His son Marmaduke's father in law, Richard Sherburne, intervened for the Constables through two different avenues. He provided financial assistance by giving large sums of money to the family to maintain the estates, and Marmaduke Constable secured a deed bond for himself and his heirs to pay his father-in-law. Sherburne also provided funds for Rushworth to purchase the Constable estates.

From spring of 1653, Rushworth started to buy up substantial portions of Sir Philip's Constable's estates, which included his main residences Of Everingham, Middle Rasen and West Rasen, Ugleforth, and Drax Abbey, alongside parcels of land, farms, tenements, and appurtenances that the family rented out to tenants.[18]

Although unlike some agents whilst acting serupticiously on behalf of Royalists during the interrugnum, Ruthworth requested the "delinquent" manage their own financial affairs. Sir Philip Constable's property was saddled with a £12,488 debt; £7500 to pay the Treason Trustees, and the rest to settle the baronet's own personal liabilities. Some of the debts were transferred into life or personal annuities, and gradually the residual mortgage was reduced. But even in 1671, the charges on the estate stood at £6230, carrying £375 interest.[19]

This action protected the estate for Sir Philip's children, in trust, and the debt was eventually repaid over a 20 year period.

However, Parliament grew suspicious and in about 1655 the Lincolnshire commissioners suspected that John Rushworth’s estate purchases of the Constable estates were fraudulent, as they believed that Sir Philip Constable still received the rents. Consequently, officials investigated whether fraudulent activities had taken place.

During the inquiry, Rushworth revealed that he was persuaded to make the purchases at the behest of Richard Sherburne and from Constable’s distant relation, the regicide Sir William Constable, who were concerned that the Constable estates would be permanently lost to other buyers. Eventually, the charges were dropped, and Rushworth’s agreement with Constable and other landowners continued until the Restoration.[20]

St Mary's Church in Steeple Barton

Death and Burial

Sir Philip spent his later years living with his daughter Katherine and son in law Edward Sheldon in Steeple Barton, Oxfordshire and most likely this is where he died on 25 February 1664.

He was buried in Steeple Barton church in the central aisle.[21]

The inscription on the stone reads.

Here lyeth Sr. Philip Constable
of Everingham in the County of
Yorke Barronet: whose whole
Estate was confiscated by the
Usurpers for his Loyalty to
King Charles the first.
He died Feb: the 25 A D 1664[22]

Will

A copy of the will of Sir Philp Constable was made 20 February 1665, in that will he made the following bequests.

to son Marmaduke, daughter Sheldon, Mr.
Poskett, poor of Everingham and Rasen, cousin
George Constable, servant Thomas Ellicur, Francke
Herriman, Bridgett Aske, three maids and Thomas
Lister, godson Raphe Sheldon: mentions personalty:
Witn. Edward Sheldon, Edward Laster.[23]

Research Notes

  • There seem to be two contemporary Philip Constable's both with father's called Marmaduke. One married Mary Moore (More) and died in a duel in 1618 and is buried in Goxhill, Yorks, He appears to be Philip Constable of Wassand. And the other is the above Philip (Constable-17).
  • Whilst there are two plausible records that indicate Philip's year of birth as 1595 there is no available baptism record to support that fact. The suggested date previously in this profile of 6 January 1593 corresponds with a baptism record in St Michael le Belfrey in York. The entry reads " Phillype Counstable sonne of Mayst'r Counstable, the vj Jan" (sic) does not prove that Mr Constable is Marmaduke, but contemporary baptisms and burial records in the same church between 1592 and 1602 do mention Marmaduke. [4], but also given the note in pedigree of Philip Constable of Wassand regards several children who died young, are more inclined to believe this to be his baptism record. The only caveat here would be that that Philip would be only 19 when he married Mary Moore. Possible but equally isn't recorded! And given one a Marmaduke was born in 1600 but died 1602 cannot therefore be Philip's son the 2nd bart!
  • Also Philip Constable of Wassand married Mary Moore in St Michael le Belfrey in 1612!
  • The other Philip now has a profile (see first note), and his wife's relationship to Constable-17 has been removed.
  • The "other" Philip, aka Philip Constable of Wassand, who married Mary Moore daughter of Ralph Moore Esq., was also the son of a Marmaduke Constable, and was slain in a duel 15 May 1618. See A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, Enjoying Territorial Possessions Or High Official Rank: But Uninvested with Heritable Honours, Volume 1 - [5]
  • The pedigree of the Constable family of Wassand is detailed here in The History and Antiquities of the Seigniory of Holderness, in the ..., Volume 1 by George Poulson [6]
  • The pedigree of the Roper family is found in the Visitation of Kent in 1619. Anne da. of Sir William Roper listed on page 83 and her marriage to Philip Constable of Everingham is noted.[24]
  • Although Philip and Anne are implied in Sir William Roper's will, the children aren't. And doesn't even say that Constable's wife is "my daughter" but maybe that was protocol then.
  • I have checked the Pavers Yorkshire Marriage licence indexes between 1615 and 1619 and cannot see an entry for Philip and Anne.[7] but subsequently found the marriage settlement in the Everingham papers.
  • FMP have images of the Everingham baptisms, marriages and burials although the quality and condition of the registers is poor in some places, and some years are missing. There is an entry in 1637 for a baptism to "Phillipe Constable gentleman", but no date or child name stated. Could this be another child or maybe Katherine was baptised later than thought?

Sources

  1. The visitation of Yorkshire, made in the years 1584-85 : to which is added the subsequent visitation made in 1612, by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms : with several additional pedigrees edited by Joseph Foster. Family Search
  2. Hull History Centre: Papers of the Constable Maxwell Family HHC page 364.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Barbara Constable," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikipedia (accessed August 12, 2022).
  4. Mentioned in Chronicle of St. Monica's in Louvain, as son of Sir Philip Constable, and his request to be buried at Louvain. Achive
  5. Mentioned in Chronicle of St. Monica's in Louvain, as son of Sir Philip Constable. Achive
  6. Mentioned in Chronicle of St. Monica's in Louvain, as son of Sir Philip Constable. Achive
  7. See - The visitation of Yorkshire, made in the years 1584-85 : to which is added the subsequent visitation made in 1612, by Richard St. George, Norry King of Arms : with several additional pedigrees edited by Joseph Foster FamilySearch see Page viewer 196 of 752
  8. Katherine Sheldon burial entry in Oxfordshire, England, Church of England Baptism, Marriages, and Burials, 1538-1812 for Steeple Barton https://www.ancestry.com/sharing/29925598?h=821a02
  9. Description of 'Probate Copy. Sir Phillippe Constable of Westraysen, co. Lincoln, 20 Jul 1617. Papers of the Constable Maxwell Family of Everingham, Caerlaverock and Terregles (including the Haggerston and Sherburne Families). Hull University Archives, Hull History Centre. GB 50 U DDEV/54/2' on the Archives Hub website, [1], (date accessed :01/06/2022)
  10. The Chronicle of the English Augustinian canonesses regular of the Lateran, at St. Monica's in Louvain (now at St. Augustine's priory, Newton Abbot, Devon) 1548[-1644] by Hamilton, Adam, 1841-1908 Archive
  11. Wikipedia contributors, "Act of Uniformity 1558," Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, Wikipedia (accessed August 12, 2022).
  12. Description of 'Letters Patent granting a general pardon to Philip Constable of West Rasen, esq., 10 Feb 1626. Papers of the Constable Maxwell Family of Everingham, Caerlaverock and Terregles (including the Haggerston and Sherburne Families). Hull University Archives, Hull History Centre. GB 50 U DDEV/55/24' on the Archives Hub website, [2], (date accessed :31/05/2022)
  13. England & Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1384-1858, PROB 11: Will Registers 1624-1643, Piece 154: Barrington, Quire Numbers 64-115 (1628) Ancestry
  14. Hull History Centre: Papers of the Constable Maxwell Family HHC ref U-DDEV/52/9 on page 360
  15. The Constables of Everingham: MSS Collection at Hull University Archives issuu docs
  16. Royal Licence to Phillipp Constable of Everingham, esq. a convicted recusant, having compounded for an annual rent of £250, to travel more than 5 miles from his dwelling (but not to stay in London).Jsic archives
  17. The English baronetage : containing a genealogical and historical account of all the English baronets, now existing: their descents, marriages, and issues; memorable actions, both in war, and peace; religious and charitable donations; deaths, places of burial and monumental iiscriptions [sic] / collected from authentick manuscripts, records, old wills, our best historians, and other authorities ...HathiTrust
  18. Catholics During the English Revolution, 1642-1660: Politics, Sequestration and Loyalty Google books
  19. ROYALIST COMPOSITION FINES AND LAND SALES IN YORKSHIRE, 1645 '- 1665 a THESIS PRESENTED FOR THE DEGREE OF Ph.D. IN HISTORY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS, 1966 by P. G. HOLIDAY [3] page 201.
  20. Catholic Forfeitures during the English Revolution: Parliament and the Role of Sequestration Agents History of Parilament
  21. textsDugdale's Visitation of Yorkshire, with additions. by Dugdale, William, Sir, 1605-1686; Clay, John William, 1838-1918, ed Internet Archive
  22. Burial Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/173306924/philip-constable: accessed 12 August 2022), memorial page for Philip Constable (1595–25 Feb 1664), Find a Grave Memorial ID 173306924, citing Steeple Barton Churchyard, Steeple Barton, West Oxfordshire District, Oxfordshire, England; Maintained by woowoo (contributor 49949980).
  23. Papers of the Constable Maxwell Family 1125 - 1959 of Everingham, Caerlaverock and Terregles (inc Haggerston and Sherburne Families). reference U DDEV/54/8 20 Feb 1665 HHC page 386/707
  24. The visitation of Kent : taken in the years 1619-1621 by John Philipot, Rouge Dragon, Marshal and Deputy to William Camden, Clarenceux by Camden, William, 1551-1623; Philipot, John, 1589?-1645; Hovenden, Robert, 1830-1908; Harleian Society Archive


More Genealogy Tools



Sponsored Search




Is Philip your ancestor? Please don't go away!
 star icon Login to collaborate or comment, or
 star icon ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com

DNA
No known carriers of Philip's DNA have taken a DNA test.

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.

Simplified.

Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.

C  >  Constable  >  Philip Constable

Categories: Everingham, Yorkshire | England, Orphan Trail 3 Current Profiles