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Germain Cormier (abt. 1680 - aft. 1752)

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Germain Cormier
Born about in Port Royal, Acadiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about 1703 in Beaubassin, Acadiemap
Descendants descendants
Died after [location unknown]
Profile last modified 31 Dec 2019 | Created 8 Aug 2009 | Last significant change: 31 Dec 2019
05:00: Cindy (Bourque) Cooper edited the Locked Status for Germain Cormier (abt.1680-aft.1752). (Removed PPP (last merge was 2014).) [Thank Cindy for this]
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Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

Germain est né vers 1680.[1] Ses parents Thomas et Marie-Madeleine Girouard figuraient parmi les premiers colons de Beaubassin (Amherst, Nouvelle Écosse)[2]. Leur ferme était située à Ouescoque (Pointe Amherst).[3] Quand Germain avait 16 ans, il a été témoin des effets de la Raid de Beaubassin. Lorsque les navires anglais ont été vus, les habitants ont fui, emportant leurs objets de valeur. En Beaubassin, l'église et quelques maisons ont été incendiées et des animaux ont été abattus. On ne sait pas comment Ouescoque, qui était de 9 kilometeres de Beaubassin, a été affectée. Vers 1703, Germain épousa Marie LeBlanc, fille d’André LeBlanc et de Marie Dugas. En un an, les nouveaux mariés ont été témoins des effets de la deuxième raid de Beaubassin. Il y avait une escarmouche et habitants se retira dans les bois, y apportant des objets de valeur. Encore une fois, l'église a été incendiée et les animaux ont été abattus.

Entre vers 1705 et 1727, le couple a eu 12 enfants: Pierre (dit Le Grand Pierre), Marie, Anne-Marie, Marguerite, Germain, Jean(-Baptiste), Jean, Pierre (dit Le Petit Pierre), Marie-Madeleine (Anne), François, Charles, et Michel.[1] Dans les recensements (1703-1714), la famille est listé près de la mère de Germain et ses frères et sœurs , probablement à Ouescoque. CHECK SURETTE

Après le traité d'Utrecht, où il y avait la domination britannique permanente, les Cormier a décidé de rester à Beaubassin comme neutres français. Les habitants de Beaubassin ont connu des décennies de paix et de prospérité. Beaubassin devient la région acadienne qui élève le plus de bétail et l'une de celles qui produisent le plus de céréales. Les Acadiens de la région se livrent au commerce des fourrures avec les Mi'kmaq et les Malécite. Ils troquent leurs surplus de bêtes, de grain et de fourrures avec les marchands des camps français et britannique.[4] Germain est mort entre 1752 et 1755.[1]

Biography

(version française ci-dessus)

Germain was born around 1680. His parents Thomas and Madeleine Girouard were among the first pioneers at Beaubassin and had a large farm at nearby Ouescoque (Amherst Point, Nova Scotia).

When Germain was 16 years old, he witnessed the effects of Church's 1696 raid of Beaubassin. Once the English ships were seen, the inhabitants fled, carrying their more valuable possessions. In Beaubassin, the church was burned along with some houses and animals were slaughtered. It is not known how the family was affected at Ouescoque as it was 9 kilometers from Beaubassin.

Around 1703, Germain married Marie LeBlanc, daughter of André LeBlanc and Marie Dugas. Within the year, the newlyweds witnessed the effects of Church's second raid on Beaubassin. There was a skirmish and inhabitants retreated to the woods, bringing as many valuable possessions as possible. Again, the church was burned and animals were slaughtered.

Between about 1705 and 1727, the couple had 12 enfants: Pierre (dit Le Grand Pierre), Marie, Anne-Marie, Marguerite, Germain, Jean(-Baptiste), Jean, Pierre (dit Le Petit Pierre), Marie-Madeleine (Anne), François, Charles, et Michel.[1] In the census (1698-1714), the family is listed close to Germain`s widowed mother and his siblings, likely at Ouescoque. CHECK SURETTE

After the Treaty of Utrecht, when British rule became permanent, the Cormiers, like most of their neighbours decided to stay in Beaubassin as French neutrals (promising to stay true to the King of Great Britain and to remain neutral in the event of a conflict between France and Great Britain). Beaubassin then experienced decades of relative peace and prosperity. The village was productive in raising cattle, growing grain, and trading fur with the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet. Surpluses were traded with both the English (Bay of Fundy) and the French (Baie Vert).[4]

Germain died between 1752 and 1755.[1]


Timeline

c1676 Birth, in Port-Royal
1687 War of the League of Augsburg (King William’s War) starts between England and France[5]
1696 Benjamin Church raids Beaubassin. Once the English ships were seen, the inhabitants fled, carrying their more valuable possessions. Church “…stayed nine days and in his own account …admitted that the settlers’ ”cattle sheep, hogs, and dogs” were left ”lying dead about their houses, chopped and hacked with hatches". The church and some of the houses were also burnt. [5]
1697 Treaty of Ryswick restores Acadia to France; Port-Royal is its capital[6]Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 44-45</ref>
c1697 Marriage to Marie LeBlanc
c1698 birth, daughter Marie
a1698 birth, daughter Madeleine
1702 War of the Spanish Succession (Queen Anne’s War) starts between England and France[6]
1704: Church raids Beaubassin again: “The Acadians were in arms and an indecisive skirmish ensued. After the Acadians retreated into the woods, Church and his men found that the inhabitants had removed as much of their household and farm goods as possible. Church set the buildings on fire [20]and killed about 100 cattle before leaving to return to Boston” [5]


1715: Delegates from Beaubassin sign a conditional oath of allegiance, promising to stay true to the King of Great Britain for as long as they stayed in Nova Scotia, and to remain neutral in the event of a conflict between France and Great Britain
1713-1744: Golden Age[7] of Acadian Growth and Prosperity. Beaubassin is productive in raising cattle, growing grain, and trading fur with the Mi’kmaq and Maliseet. Surpluses are traded with both the English (Bay of Fundy) and the French (Baie Vert).[4]
b1718 birth, son Jean(-Baptiste)
b1718 birth, son Jean
1720 and onward: Acadians refuse to sign an unconditional oath of allegiance. This is tolerated by the British as they lack military means to enforce the oath.[8]
1720 birth, son Pierre (dit Le Petit Pierre)
1722 birth, daughter Marie-Madeleine (Anne)
b1726 birth, son François
1726 birth, son Charles
a1726 birth, son Michel
1750: Beaubassin is the center of a boundry dispute between the French and English. French soldiers erect small forts along their frontier at the north bank of the Mesagoueche river (now the New Brunswick- Nova Scotia border) including one at Beauséjour ridge. When British Commander Lawrence tries to gain a foothold on the river, the priests LeLoutre and Germain burned the Beaubassin church and force the villagers to burn their houses. The British retreated but eventually established fortifications on the south side. French soldiers order the Acadian families in the southern villages to move to the north side for their protection. When no one complies, the soldiers and Mi'kmaq warriors (of the priest LeLoutre) burn the southern villages. Most burnt-out families seek refuge north of the French-English boundary in territory surrounding Le Lac (Aulac NB).


betw. 1752-1755 death

Sources

  • 1686 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Thomas CORMIER 55, Magdelaine GIROUARD 37; children: Magdeleine 18. Francois 16, Alexis 14, Marie 12, Germain 10, Pierre 8, Angelique 4, twins Marie and Jeanne 1; 4 guns, 40 arpents, 30 cattle, 10 sheep, 15 hogs.
  • 1693 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Madeleine GIROUARD widow (of Thomas CORMIER) 39, Alexis 16, Germain 13, Pierre 11, Claire 9, Marie 7, Agnes 7, Jeanne 5; 16 cattle, 4 sheep, 12 hogs.
  • 1698 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Marie-Madeleine GIROUARD (widow of Thomas CORMIER?) 45; Germain 18; Pierre 16; Claire 14; Marie and Agnes, twins, 12; Jeanne 10; 12 cattle, 4 sheep, 8 hogs.
  • 1700 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Madelaine GIROUARD, widow of François CORMIER, 47; Germain 20; Piere 18; Claire 16; Marie and Agnes (twins) 12; Jeanne 12; 17 cattle, 12 sheep, 4 hogs, 24 arpents.
  • 1707 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Germain CORMIER and Marie LEBLANC, 1 boy less than 14; 4 arpents, 9 cattle, 10 sheep, 10 hogs.
  • 1714 Acadian census at Beaubassin: Germain CORMIER and Marie LeBLANC his spouse; children: Pierre, Marie, Margueritte, Anne, Germain.
  • 1751 Acadian census at Beaubassin:Refugees from Vechkok (Ouescoque) Germain CORMIERS and his wife.
  • 1752 Acadian census at Beaubassin:Refugees from Vechkok (Ouescoque) Germain CORMIERS and his wife.

Footnotes

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, p401,408-410.
  2. White, Stephen A. La généalogie des trente-sept familles hôtesses des "Retrouvailles 94", Les Cahiers de la Société historique acadienne, vol. 25, nos 2 et 3 (1994). (Cormier)
  3. Surette, Paul. Atlas of the Acadian Settlement of the Beaubassin 1660 to 1755. Tintamarre and Le Lac. Tantramar Heritage Trust. 2005, p 44-45 (Ouesqoque homestead at Amherst Point).
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Brun, Régis with contributions by AJB Johnston and E Clarke, Fort Beauséjour/Fort Cumberland: Une Histoire/A History, Société du Monument Lefebvre in Collaboration with Parks Canada, Accessed November 2013
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Griffiths, Naomi E.S., From migrant to Acadian : a North-American border people, 1604-1755, Montreal (Québec), McGill-Queen's University Press, 2005, p147-151 (King William’s War); p 164 (1696 Church raid of Beaubassin); p 208 (1704 Church’s Raid on Beaubassin)
  6. 6.0 6.1 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p44-45 (1697 Treaty of Ryswick); p52-53(1702 Queen Anne’s War); p82-85(1710 Siege of PR).
  7. Griffiths, Naomie E.S. The Contexts of Acadian History 1686-1784.Published for the Center for Canadian Studies Mount Allison University, Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press, 1992, p61 (golden age);
  8. The Neutrality: Political Context, 1755 Histoire et Les Histoires, University of Moncton


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Germain by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Germain:

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Germain is 14 degrees from Katie Goodwin, 14 degrees from Wilbur Scoville and 17 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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Categories: Beaubassin, Acadie | Acadians