Categories: Battle of Guilford Court House | British Army Generals, American Revolution | Siege of Yorktown | Privy Counsellors of the United Kingdom | Knights Companion of the Garter | Governors-General of India | Lords Lieutenant of Ireland | Notables.
||Charles Cornwallis KG PC is a member of the royalty, nobility or aristocracy in the British Isles.|
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Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis KG, PC (31 December 1738 – 5 October 1805), styled Viscount Brome between 1753 and 1762 and known as The Earl Cornwallis between 1762 and 1792, was a British Army officer and colonial administrator. In the United States and the United Kingdom he is best remembered as one of the leading British generals in the American War of Independence. His surrender in 1781 to a combined American and French force at the Siege of Yorktown ended significant hostilities in North America. He also served as a civil and military governor in Ireland and India; in both places he brought about significant changes, including the Act of Union in Ireland, and the Cornwallis Code and the Permanent Settlement in India.
Parents: Charles Cornwallis and Elizabeth Townshend
Spouse: On 14 July 1768 he married Jemima Tullekin Jones, daughter of a regimental colonel. The union was, by all accounts, happy. They settled in Culford, Suffolk, where their children, Mary (28 June 1769 – 17 July 1840), and Charles were born. Jemima died on 14 April 1779.
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