Cortés was born in 1485 in Medellín, Badajoz, in what would become the "Kingdom of Spain"
February 1519 - Accompanied by about 11 ships, 500 men, 13 horses, and a small number of cannon, Cortés landed on the Yucatan Peninsula in Mayan territory.
On the Yucatan Peninsula, Cortés and his men ran into Geronimo de Aguilar, a Spanish Franciscan priest who had survived a 1511 shipwreck followed by a period in captivity with the Maya, before escaping. Cortés also learned that Aguilar's friend, Gonzalo Guerrero chose to remain "enslaved" by his Maya captors.
(2) in 1529 he married Doña Juana Ramirez Arellano Zuniga. Doña Juana Ramírez de Arellano de Zúñiga, daughter of don Carlos Ramírez de Arellano, 2nd Count of Aguilar and doña Juana de Zúñiga, 3 children (2 girls and a boy)
Note: not in order of birth
doña Catalina Pizarro, born between 1514 and 1515 in Santiago de Cuba or maybe later in Nueva España, daughter of a Cuban woman, Leonor Pizarro. Doña Catalina married Juan de Salcedo, a conqueror and encomendero, with whom she had a son, Pedro.
don Luis Cortés, born in 1525, son of doña Antonia or Elvira Hermosillo, a native of Trujillo (Cáceres)
Leonor Cortés Moctezuma -daughter of Aztec princess Tecuichpotzin (baptized Isabel), born in Tenochtitlan on July 11, 1510 and died on July 9, 1550, the eldest legitimate daughter of Moctezuma II Xocoyotzin and wife doña María Miahuaxuchitl; married to Juan de Tolosa, a Basque merchant and miner.
Doña Maria Cortés de Moctezuma, daughter of an Aztec princess; nothing more is known about her except that she probably was born with some deformity
don Luis Cortés y Ramírez de Arellano, born in Texcoco in 1530 and died shortly after his birth.
Doña Catalina Cortés de Zúñiga, born in Cuernavaca in 1531 and died shortly after her birth.
don Martín Cortés y Ramírez de Arellano, Marquis of the Valley of Oaxaca, born in Cuernavaca in 1532, married at Nalda on February 24, 1548 his twice cousin once removed doña Ana Ramírez de Arellano y Ramírez de Arellano and had issue, currently extinct in male line
doña María Cortés de Zúñiga, born in Cuernavaca between 1533 and 1536, married to don Luis de Quiñones y Pimentel, 5th Count of Luna
doña Catalina Cortés de Zúñiga, born in Cuernavaca between 1533 and 1536, died unmarried in Sevilla after the funeral of her father
doña Juana Cortés de Zúñiga, born in Cuernavaca between 1533 and 1536, married Don Fernando Enríquez de Ribera y Portocarrero, 2nd Duke of Alcalá de los Gazules, 3rd Marquess of Tarifa and 6th Count of Los Molares, and had issue
↑ Himmerich y Valencia, Robert. 1991. The Encomenderos of New Spain, 1521-1555. Austin: University of Texas Press. pgs 145-148.
↑ Gonzalo Guerrero had completely assimilated himself into the Mayan way of life to include marrying Zazil Há, a Maya Princess. Technically, he was a slave but he chose to remain with his wife and children. Gonzalo is considered to be one of the first Europeans to start the Mestizo race.
Dorantes de Carranza, Baltasar, and Ernesto de la Torre Villar. 1987. Sumaria relación de las cosas de la Nueva España: con noticia individual de los conquistadores y primeros pobladores españoles. México: Editorial Porrúa.