It is not clear where Marmaduke was born, his first appearance in the records of the parish is when he marries Hester LEAKER, after the calling of the banns at Huntspill, Somerset on 30 Mar 1783, 6 Apr 1783 and 13 Apr 1783, finally marrying on 14 Apr 1783. Marmaduke may have been born out of the parish and came to Huntspill as Hester lived there.
Hester and Marmaduke were married following banns at Huntspill, Somerset, neither could sign their name. Witnesses to marriage were Sarah PARKER (who signed her name, possibly worked at the church) and Charles PUDDY.
Their four children were christened at Huntspill between 1783 - 1792: Ann, James, John and Marmaduke. No other children named COAT or variants were christened at Huntspill during this time.
Marmaduke died in about September 1791 at Hunstpill and was buried on 14 Sep 1791 at Huntspill, Somerset, England. The burial on 14 Sep 1791 was taxed. Parish records of his death indicates his surname to be spelled COTE. This could suggest possible French heritage.
Marmaduke is a Celtic boy name. The meaning of the name is `leader of the seas', the name mainly used In English. This possibly aligns with other family stories that the family originally migrated to Ireland as French Huguenots.
Family stories also say that there was a dispute in the family and the 'e' was dropped from the family name to be 'COAT'. Another son presumably dropped the 'e' but added an 's', this one's family said to be the one that founded 'COATS' cotton.
Theories as to his birth
Our Marmaduke married Hester in 1783 so he was probably born before 1765.
Witness to the wedding was Charles PUDDY.
Hester came from Huntspill so Marmaduke could have come from another parish
Marmaduke b1755 Westonzoyland - parents Walter and Margaret
Marmaduke b1766 Goathead - parents William and Elizabeth
I believe Marmaduke b1755 Westonzoyland to be our Marmaduke.
Charles PUDDY is living in Huntspill in 1783. There are two possible Charles'. One a father b bef 1745 and the second, possibly his son b 1766. More likely to be the son to be witness at the wedding.
Charles PUDDY (assume the younger one) marries an Ann HUTSON in 1794.
A Gabriel COAT marries widow Ann PUDDY in 1834 in Mark, Somerset. Possibly the same person as Ann (Hutson) PUDDY. Cannot find a death record for Charles bef 1783-1794. Could they perhaps have been introduced via his cousin? If it is the same Gabriel he is of quite advanced years, so could there be a son named Gabriel.
By 1846 our Marmaduke's grandson Marmaduke b 1817 is also living in Mark Somerset, so it would appear the PUDDY and COAT families may be connected in some way.
NOTE: Additional information provided by D. Nuefeld, 14 Mar 2014 - Charles Puddy was still alive in 1834. He died 12 June 1845, a yeoman of South Brent. His will mentions that one of his daughters (Jane) was m. to a John Hutson of Pawlett. Have gone through my records trying to find out who the Ann Puddy, widow, was who m. Gabriel Coat but can't come to any conclusion. A witness to the marriage was Jerred (Jared) Puddy so possibly she was the widow of one of Jared's relatives.
Family stories that the COAT family in Australia were related to the Coats Cotton family. This family came from Scotland;
Other family stories that the COAT family were French Huguenots escaped to Ireland (Son Thomas believed to have fled to Ireland to escape prosecution). Possible link to COTE name.
Ann Lock possible first wife of the grandson. yDNA results at the 111 marker level suggest strong links to Locke family. If Ann died in childbirth, could there have been a child to this marriage, given away and brought up by the Lock family?
The COATS yDNA study does not yet contain any testers connected to this family line. It could be our line.
Recent source records made available on ancestry.com, appear to support the genealogical connection and the line is now connected. Veronica WIlliams 01:05, 7 Oct 2016 (EST)
In addition, there are other factors that need to be considered when discussing the lineage of our Marmaduke and the possible connection to Marmaduke of Hambridge:-
'Marmaduke of Hambridge''s son William b abt 1582 appears to have been in the brewing business as several of the items he bequeaths to his children have to do be the crushing of hops and or the making of wine. This is the same occupation as William BENNETT, the elusive brother of Henry BENNETT b1629 whose many descendants we very closely match at the 111 marker level on the yDNA test.
There is also a Marmaduke BENNETT baptism in Isle Brewers 7 Oct 1598 to father William BENNETT. Isle Brewers is only 3.5km from Hambridge. Could this be an illegitimate son of 'Marmaduke of Hambridge', taken in by a BENNETT family? Marmaduke of Hambridge did not die until 1624.
Finally, if Marmaduke was illegitimate, there is a BENNETT family living in Huntspill at about the same time. Based on Marmaduke's age he could be a child of one of the sons of this Unknown Male BENNETT.
yDNA testing of a COAT descendant has resulted in 111 marker matches with the family of Henry Bennett and other families named LOCKE and FRENCH believed to have resided in the Somerset and Devon areas of England in the 1600's.
The SEYMOUR and ROMETTI families also appear as close matches in the H35 SNP project. The SEYMOUR family also has a number of significant Family Finder matches with the COAT line on Chromosome 5.
A case study was commissioned to help answer some of these questions and to try and pinpoint our ancestral homeland, the report is published on the Ipswich Bennett website and can be accessed here.
A test from an Australia COATE family from Victoria in late 2018 in the Y-DNA FTDNA COATS Surname project has confirmed relationships between the Australia COATE line and a group of testers from the United States who all descend from Marmaduke COATE, b1738 New Jersey. The genealogy of both lines suggests they share the common ancestor of Henry COATE, born 1595 Curry Rivel, Somerset, England. This result suggests that we cannot be related to Marmaduke of Hambridge 1522 via the male line, but it is unclear whether there is a break in the line or if perhaps our ancestor is descended from a female COAT?
Y-DNA - The two Y-DNA testers Private DNA COAT and Private DNA COATS who appear on this profile share the most recent common ancestor of John Coat b1826 Huntspill, Somerset, England. Their Y-DNA does not match the descendants of Henry Coate, son of Marmaduke of Hambridge b1522. However, as the suggested ancestral line of John Coat connects to Marmaduke through another son Thomas Coate they have not been detached from this line. Further Y-DNA results are required before this theory can be disproved. Please refer to Marmaduke Cote1755 for theories and for more information; or contact Veronica Williams.
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Marmaduke by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA.
Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:
Great job! I really like the way you mapped out your research process, along with the sources you used. There are often so many more questions than answers - thanks for detailing a process of analyzing the available data!