George Cottle

George Washington Cottle (1811 - 1836)

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George Washington "Wash" Cottle
Born in Hurricane, Washington, Missouri Territorymap
Ancestors ancestors
Son of and [mother unknown]
Husband of — married in Gonzales Colonymap
[children unknown]
Died in The Alamo, San Antonio, Bexar, Texasmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Jan 2015 | Last significant change: 30 Mar 2019
00:40: Mary Richardson edited the Biography for George Washington Cottle (1811-1836). (removed dup source) [Thank Mary for this]
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Image:Paula s Sources-8.jpgDefenders in the Battle of the Alamo
Image:Paula s Sources-8.jpgImmortal 32 of Gonzales Colony
Gonzales Ranging Company, the Immortal 32

Quite a few Cottles were early emigrants to Texas. George Washington Cottle, "Wash", was born 1811, Lincoln County, Missouri. Parents, Jonathan and Margaret Cottle who lived in Hurricane, Missouri, until the family moved to Texas. [1] By July 6, 1829 the Cottle family settled in DeWitt's Colony on the Lavaca River near Gonzales. [2][3]

George Washington married his first cousin, Eliza, who was daughter of George W's uncle, Isaac Cottle and Mary Ann Williams. One daughter, Melzinia was born, but the marriage was annulled Oct 7, 1831. [3]

Marriage 1 - Eliza Cottle 1830
Children - Melzinia Cottle
Annulled - Oct 7, 1831

Records show George married Nancy Curtis Oliver (1813, Tennessee) on January 4, 1835. Nancy delivered twin boys, following George's death (names unknown). [3][4][5]

Marriage 2
Name: Nancy Oliver
Marriage Date: 4 Jan 1835
Marriage Place: Gonzales Colony, Texas colony
Spouse: George W. Cottle

Source: County Court Records - FHL microfilm # 1310949[6]

George applied for his league of land in 1832 and received his league of land near headwaters of the Lavaca River. [4] (The Register of Spanish Archives in GLO, General Land Office shows him in DeWitt's colony, Sept 12, 1832.[3]

DeWitt colony, Texas land grant, GLO.

Lockhart land grant to George W Land Grant

The battle in Gonzales, Sept, 1835 was known as the first shots fired.[3]Spanish government had given the colony a cannon for use if there were Indian attacks on the colony. The Mexican army demanded Gonzales colony return its prized cannon given them by Spain. Settlers of Gonzales Colony said "NO". George was sent out to the other colonies asking for help. [3] His father served as one of the "Old Eighteen" defenders of Battle of Gonzales. George returned by Oct 2, 1835 with troops from other colonies. [3]George W also enlisted in the Gonzales Ranging Company with commander Lt. George C Kimbell. George enlisted Feb 24 in the Gonzales Ranging company. [7]

When Mexican troops appeared near Gonzales, Sept., 1835, George W was sent out to gather colonists' aid from other colonies. He was back Oct 2, 1835 with help.[2]The colony refused to yield its prized cannon which had been given to Gonzales many years earlier.[3]

George lent his yoke of oxen to Capt. Mathew Caldwell's company in February, 1836 during the Texas Revolution. [7]When Col Travis sent his appeal to citizens for aid for the Alamo, it was natural for Gonzales to respond positively. Others had helped them, thus they responded as all expected. They gathered together their Gonzales Ranging Company, known as the Immortal 32, and set off to help the Alamo Defenders.[2] George enlisted Feb 24 as Private under the command of Lt. George C Kimbell.[7]

Muster Roll at Alamo

The Immortal 32 entered the Alamo March 1, 1836. On March 6, 1836, George Washington was killed at the Battle of the Alamo, beside his brother-in-law, Thomas Jackson.[3][4] George was securing the garrison's ammunition supply. He is reported to have died in the magazine room of the Alamo Chapel, where he was attempting to blow up the ammunition.. [7]A memorial is in San Fernando Cathedral. [2][8]

Gonzales Bty Headright 1 labor, GLO.
Bexar Bounty 960 Acres, GLO.

NOTE: Republic of Texas awarded Heirs Land bounty of: 960Acres (Bexar Bounty, 640 Acres, Bexar county, 160 Acres Young county, 480 Acres in Young county (Fannin donation), and more. These are some links for the Bounty

Cottle county was named for George Cottle, Alalmo Defender, Immortal 32.[9]


  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2
  6. Texas, Marriage Collection, 1814-1909 and 1966-2011 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2005.(Original data: Dodd, Jordan R, et. al. Early American Marriages: Texas to 1850.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 Paul N. Spellman, "COTTLE, GEORGE WASHINGTON," Handbook of Texas Online (, accessed April 10, 2015. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  8. Alamo Traces: New Evidence and New Conclusions By Thomas Ricks Lindley

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with George:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

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George is 18 degrees from Amy Gilpin, 15 degrees from Joshua Slocum and 13 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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