Jacques-Yves Cousteau AC, commonly known in English as Jacques Cousteau; 11 June 1910 – 25 June 1997) was a French naval officer, explorer, conservationist, filmmaker, innovator, scientist, photographer, author and researcher who studied the sea and all forms of life in water. He co-developed the Aqua-lung, pioneered marine conservation and was a member of the Académie française.
The Cousteau family’s underwater investigation and exploration led to the invention of the aqua-lung.
It also led to the purchase of the minesweeper Calypso 19 July 1950. Thomas Guinness bought the ship and leased it to Cousteau for a dollar per year.
Simone Cousteau sold her family jewels for the fuel and her fur to buy a compass and gyroscope. On its maiden voyage she was the only woman aboard.
Cousteau was born to Daniel Cousteau and Élisabeth Duranthon on 11 June 1910, in the house of his maternal grandfather Ronan Duranthon in Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Gironde, France. He had one brother, Pierre-Antoine. He married Simone Melchior on 10 July 1937 in the 17th arrondissement of Paris. The religious ceremony was performed at Saint-Louis des Invalides. Jacques-Yves Cousteau died of a heart attack on 25 June 1997 in Paris, aged 87. He was buried in a Roman Catholic Christian funeral, in the family vault at Saint-André-de-Cubzac in France.
↑Acte de naissance: Acte 31, Naissances 1910 Saint-André-de-Cubzac, Archives de la Gironde cote 4 E 20029 (1910) vue 19, consulté le 6 juillet 2019
↑ 2.02.1 Acte de mariage: Acte 1250, Mariages 1937 Paris XVIIème, Archives de Paris cote 17M 469 du 8 juillet 1937 (acte n° 1235) au 31 juillet 1937 (acte n° 1423) vue 3, accessed 6 July 2019
"Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Immigration Cards, 1900-1965" "Brasil, Cartões de Imigração, 1900-1965," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.1.1/K69D-HM9 : 1 December 2015), Jacques Yves Cousteau, Immigration; citing 1961, Arquivo Nacional, Rio de Janeiro (National Archives, Rio de Janeiro).
Find A Grave: Memorial #9889, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com : accessed 06 July 2019), memorial page for Jacques-Yves Cousteau (11 Jun 1910–25 Jun 1997), citing Saint-André-de-Cubzac Cemetery, Saint-Andre-de-Cubzac, Departement de la Gironde, Aquitaine, France ; Maintained by Find A Grave .