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Stephen Armistead Cowley (1844 - 1864)

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Maj Stephen Armistead Cowley
Born [location unknown]
Ancestors ancestors
[spouse(s) unknown]
Died in Franklin, Williamson County, Tennessee, United Statesmap
Profile last modified 25 Aug 2018 | Created 27 May 2016
This page has been accessed 68 times.
Maj Stephen Cowley served in the United States Civil War.
Enlisted: Dec. 17, 1861
Mustered out: killed Nov 30, 1864
Side: CSA
Regiment(s): 48th Tennessee Infantry, 42nd Tennessee Infantry

Biography

Killed at battle of Franklin, TN (C.S.A.)

Enlisted on December 17, 1861 as Drill Master of the 48th Tennessee Infantry. Captured at Fort Donelson, Tennessee on Feb. 16,1862 and sent to Camp Chase, Ohio and then on to Johnson's Island Prisoner of War Camp. He was exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi on September 20, 1862. On October 3, 1862 he was appointed 1st Lt. and transferred to the 42nd Tennessee Infantry. On September 16, 1863 he assigned to the Staff of Brig. Gen. W. A. Quarles as A.I.G. He was killed at Franklin, Tennessee when hit by five bullets that went through his body and he was "gathered to his Father's arms". "He was a true soldier always, and no man of Quarles' Brigade will ever forget him."
From Find A Grave: Memorial #6515317


Battle of Franklin[1]

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864, in Franklin, Tennessee, as part of the Franklin–Nashville Campaign of the American Civil War. It was one of the worst disasters of the war for the Confederate States Army. Confederate Lt. Gen. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee conducted numerous frontal assaults against fortified positions occupied by the Union forces under Maj. Gen. John M. Schofield and was unable to break through or to prevent Schofield from executing a planned, orderly withdrawal to Nashville.

The Confederate assault of six infantry divisions containing eighteen brigades with 100 regiments numbering almost 20,000 men, sometimes called the "Pickett's Charge of the West", resulted in devastating losses to the men and the leadership of the Army of Tennessee—fourteen Confederate generals (six killed, seven wounded, and one captured) and 55 regimental commanders were casualties. After its defeat against Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas in the subsequent Battle of Nashville, the Army of Tennessee retreated with barely half the men with which it had begun the short offensive, and was effectively destroyed as a fighting force for the remainder of the war.

Sources

  1. Wikipedia[1]
  • William and Mary College Quarterly, Volume XIV, Pg 232.
  • For images of War Record - Fold 3[2]




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