Elijah Craig
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Elijah Craig (abt. 1738 - 1808)

Rev. Elijah Craig
Born about in Spotsylvania, Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Georgetown, Scott, Kentucky, United Statesmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Feb 2009
This page has been accessed 4,297 times.
Notables Project
Elijah Craig is Notable.


Craig was born in Orange County, Virginia in 1738, the 5th child of Polly Hawkins and Taliaferro or Toliver Craig, Sr.

Converted by David Thomas in 1764, Elijah Craig soon began holding meetings in his tobacco barn

Elijah was a Baptist preacher in Kentucky credited with developing bourbon whiskey.

Besides being a preacher, he was a businessman, developing cloth manufacturing and a paper mill, the first in Kentucky.

He founded Georgetown College, Georgetown, Scott Co., KY.

He also started a grist mill and a distillery by 1789.

He was the first to age the distillation in charred oak casks, "a process that gives the bourbon its reddish color and unique taste." The term "bourbon" may have come from a French general who helped during the American Revolution who was originally of French nobility and its royal House of Bourbon, from which Bourbon County later gets its name. This was a corn-based whiskey.

Today there is a distillery called "Heaven Hill" which produces a bourbon whiskey named "Elijah Craig".


Sometime after Elijah Craig's death in 1808, Josiah Pitts (his son-in-law) purchased land from Elijah Craig's estate in Scott Co., KY.

The Payne-Desha House was built on the west side of Royal Spring Branch on land originally owned by Elijah Craig. After Craig's death in 1808, General Richard Gano and Josiah Pitts purchased the property near Royal Spring Branch from Craig's estate. The Payne-Desha House is an historic house located on land west of Royal Spring Branch near downtown Georgetown, Scott Co., Kentucky that was the built in 1814 by Robert Payne Source; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Payne-Desha_House



  • Craig, Lillian K.. Reverend John Craig, 1709-1774 : his descendants and allied families. New Orleans, LA: Accurate Letter Company, 1963
  • Masters, Frank M.. A History of Baptists in Kentucky. Louisville, KY: Kentucky Baptist Historical Society, 1952
  • Howard, Virginia W.. Bryan Station Heroes and Heroines. Lexington, KY: Press of the Commerial Print Co., 1932
  • Wulfeck, Dorothy F.. Hawkins of Virginia, the Carolinas and Kentucky: court records, queries, brief lineages, genealogical notes. Naugatuck, CN: D. F. Wulfeck, 1963.
  • Darnell, Ermina J.. Forks of Elkhorn Church. Louisville, KY: Standard Printing Co., 1946.
  • Parker, Anna V.. The Sanders Family of Grass Hills. Madison, IN: Coleman Printing Co., 1966.

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Elijah by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA test-takers in his direct paternal line. Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with Elijah:

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This Elijah Craig was not at Bryan Station, as source implies. Different Elijah Craig.
posted by L A Banta

C  >  Craig  >  Elijah Craig

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