Stephen Crane (November 1, 1871 – June 5, 1900) was an American author. Prolific throughout his short life, he won international acclaim in 1895 for his Civil War novel The Red Badge of Courage.
Born in Newark, New Jersey, to Jonathan Townley Crane, a minister in the Methodist Episcopal church, and Mary Helen Peck Crane, a daughter of the clergyman George Peck. He was the fourteenth and last child born to the couple. At 45, Helen Crane had suffered the early deaths of her previous four children, each of whom died within one year of birth. Nicknamed "Stevie" by the family, he joined eight surviving brothers and sisters—Mary Helen, George Peck, Jonathan Townley, William Howe, Agnes Elizabeth, Edmund Byran, Wilbur Fiske, and Luther.
After the death of his father Jonathan Townley Crane, his mother moved to "Roseville" leaving 8 year old Stephen in the care of his older brother Edmund in Sussex, New Jersey. He next lived with his brother William in Port Jervis. After a few years, he moved in with brother Jonathan Townley in Asbury Park.
Stephen was a prolific writer throughout his short career. He was a reporter and a war correspondent as well as publishing other articles. His first novel was "Maggie: A Girl of the Streets" but it is "The Red Badge of Courage" that he is most know for.
Stephen had health issues in his youth and, in 1900, he succumbed to tuberculosis in a Black Forest sanatorium in Germany at the age of 28.
Other works include:
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