no image

Robert Craufurd (1764 - 1812)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
Maj-Gen Robert "Black Bob" Craufurd
Born in Newark, Ayrshire, Scotlandmap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Ciudad Rodrigo, Salamanca, Castilla y León, Spainmap
Profile last modified | Created 3 Jan 2012
This page has been accessed 157 times.

Categories: Siege of Ciudad Rodrigo | Members of Parliament, East Retford | Harrow School | University of Göttingen | 65th Regiment of Foot | 26th Regiment of Foot | 98th Regiment of Foot | 75th Regiment of Foot | Hompesch's Hussars | Battle of Bussaco | Battle of Fuentes de Oñoro | British Army Generals | Battle of the Côa.


Born on 5 May 1764, Robert Craufurd was the 3rd son of Sir Alexander Craufurd, 1st Baronet of Newark, Ayrshire. He was educated at Harrow. In 1780 he joined the army as an ensign in the 65th Regiment of Foot, transferring to the 26th and becoming lieutenant in the 98th all in the same year. In 1782 he became captain in the 75th.

In 1787 while studying at Göttingen University he met Prince Augustus who reported favourably on his character to his father, the King, George III.

On 6 February 1800, he married Mary Frances, daughter of Henry Holland, architect, of Hans Place, Chelsea and his wife, Bridget Brown. Together they had 3 sons. [1] On the following day his brother, Charles, married the widowed Duchess of Newcastle. [2] The Duchess arranged for her husband to be returned as Member of Parliament for East Retford in 1802, but Charles was unable, because of his injuries, to serve and Robert was returned in his stead. In Parliament he spoke only on defence matters and was appointed under-secretary of state for War and Colonies in 1806 before the dissolution. He did not seek election again.

Living at 24 Berkeley Square in 1805.

Peninsula Wars, Light Division. Robert died on 24th January 1812 from injuries sustained at the siege of Ciudad Rodrigo and was buried in the breach.


  1. History of Parliament online: CRAUFURD, Robert (1764-1812), of Blyth Hall, Yorks
  2. History of Parliament online: CRAUFURD, Charles Gregan (1763-1821), of Clumber Park, Notts.
  • Maj.-Gen. Robert Craufurd Cites: Mosley, Charles, editor. Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes. Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003.


  • WikiTree profile Crawford-3421 created through the import of crawford.GED on Jan 2, 2012 by Rae Ball. See the Changes page for the details of edits by Rae and others.

More Genealogy Tools

Sponsored Search

Searching for someone else?
First: Last:

No known carriers of Robert's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


Robert is 27 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 10 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

C  >  Craufurd  >  Robert Craufurd