John Crawford
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John Crawford (1701 - bef. 1761)

Ensign John Crawford
Born in Hanover Co., Virginiamap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 10 Oct 1724 in Hanover Co., Virginiamap
Descendants descendants
Died before before age 60 in Craven, South Carolinamap [uncertain]
Profile last modified | Created 22 Sep 2010
This page has been accessed 3,287 times.

[This profile represents two different men named John Crawford and must be separated into different profiles by the profile managers and others at this point.] - Not proven to be the same John Crawford except by association on WikiTree.

Note on DNA for this John Crawford: The place of Crawfurd/Crawford Scotland is near the western Border Marches along the Scots - English border. Most men from this area test R1b haplogroup, not I2 which associated with the Viking invasion/immigration/incursion into the NE English kingdom called Mercia, later Northumberland (Durham, York) England. This doesn't negate the possibility that a John or his ancestor may have migrated from Crawfurd/Crawford Scotland originally, but the surname may well be more of a geographic reference than a true lineal surname.

Research Note - Important! please read

Based upon a preponderance of the evidence we appear to have mixed two different John Crawford's in this profile. Maybe both were "Ensign" but who knows until primary records are produced.

Essentially, a John Crawford from Hanover county VA who married Mary Duke before migrating down to early NC to survey lines and that had well-documented children with consistent middle names cannot be the same John Crawford married to an Elizabeth with 3 differently-named children (no mention of Mary Duke children) in a will and deeds from a now-extinct Craven county SC (now multiple coastal SC counties). Not sure how the mix-up originated but these are two different people by geography, spouse and children. The children listed as John, Michael or Thomas in Craven county SC are not proof of the John Crawford of Hanover county VA except by timing and loose association (per the sources identified).



John was born in 1701. He is the son of Captain David Crawford (1662-1762) and Elizabeth Smith.[1]

He married Mary Duke and lived in Hanover, Virginia. He died before his father (who died in 1762).[2] He had four sons and two daughters, one of whom was named William and married an Elizabeth. [3]

John Crawford, formerly of Hanover County (VA), entered the Carolina colonies in an area which would later become Anson and Richmond County (NC) as an occasional attorney and surveyor around 1737.


Note that this will only names three children.

Will of John Crawford of Craven County in the Province of South Carolina. Charleston Co., SC, Record of Willis, 1760-1767, pp. 52-53, written 20 Oct 1756, proved 10 Jan 1761. Digital image at -

wife Mary Crawford
son John Crawford - land where he lives on the lower side of Phill’s Creek
son Thomas Crawford- remainder of land on Phill’s Creek; land adjoining Abraham Lundy
son Michael Crawford - 300 acres, manor house and plantation, land on Naked Creek containing 750 acres
Wants land on Lynch’s Creek to be sold.
300 pounds in Virginia (tobacco? money?)
Exrs: wife Mary, sons John & Thomas
Wit: Charles Thomson, Durham Hills, Archd McNorton

On 29 Apr 1767, Thomas Crawford of St. Mark's Parish, Craven Co., SC, sold his land on Phill's Creek to Thomas Lide. [4]
On 22 Sep 1767, Michael Crawford sold his 300 acres to his brother, Thomas Crawford. On 1 Oct 1767, Thomas Crawford sold this land to Charles Bedingfield, both of Craven Co., SC. [5]

Research Notes

1. It appears that this material may relate to another John Crawford from Pennsylvania (the James Crawford mentioned is James Crawford (1701-1749), his son John was not born until 1733, unknown as of yet who John Crawford is referring to here)

Page: Second Series, Vol. 19, Pg 762
Text: In November 1730: Elisha Gatchell requests the grant of a parcel of land on behalf of James Crawford who has settled on the barrens of Nottingham on a branch of the Elk river and John Crawford likewise adjoining to the above".

2. Source

Author: A.H. Shank, Archivist
Title: Pennsylvania Archives
Publication: Name: 5th Series;
Repository: #R11
NOTESource Medium: Book
Source Quality: Excellent

3. Source S153

Title: Pennsylvania Vital Records
NOTESource Medium: Book
Shank certifies Wm. Wirt Whitsett appeared as a private on depreciation pay list of Westmoreland Co. Militia in War of the Revolution.
When Margo Wahlberg tried to obtain these same records in about 1988 she was told the records had been destroyed by floods so the only infothey could provide was the DAR certifications.
Title: Pennsylvania Vital Records

See also:

  • Laurus Crawfurdiana : memorials of that branch of the Crawford family which comprises the descendants of John Crawford, of Virginia, 1660-1883 ; with notices of the allied families / [compiled by Mrs. Vanderbilt and R. L. Crawford. (New York: [E. O. Jenkins, printer], 1883). Available at HathiTrust. Also available at

He passed away before 1761.


"South Carolina, 29 Apr 1767. Book G-3, p. 579. L&R. Thomas Crawford, planter & Elizabeth his wife to Thomas Lide, planter, both of St. Marks Parish, Craven Co., for £1500. 150 a. on SW side Peedee River, granted 24 Mar. 1756 by Gov. James Glen to Abraham Lundy; who conveyed to John Crawford; who bequeathed to his son, said Thomas; bounding SW on James Gillespie & vacant land; NW on William Hainsworth. Wit: John Winters, John Bohannon. Bef. Thomas Wade, JP. Rec. 7 Aug 1767."[6]

"South Carolina, 1 Oct 1767. Book L-3, p. 401. Conveyance. Thomas Crawford, planter, to Charles Bedingfield, tavern keeper, both of Craven Co., for £1500, 300 a. known as Carraw Bluff on NE side of Pee Dee River on which Michael Crawford now lives"..."which tract was granted 29 Jan 1742 by Lt. Gov. William Bull to David Roach who by L&R dated 10 & 11 July 1749 to John Crawford Sr.; who bequeathed to his son Michael Crawford; who on 22 Sept. 1767 conveyed to Thomas Crawford. Wit: John Bohannon, Elizabeth Bohannon. Before Alexander Mackintosh, JP, on 26 Sept 1768. Rec. 10 Oct 1768."[7]


  1. Laurus Crawfurdiana. Page 8, 18-19.
  2. Laurus Crawfurdiana. Page 18,
  3. Laurus Crawfurdiana. Page 23.
  4. Langley, Clara A., “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, Vol. III, 1755-1768, Books QQ - H-3”
  5. Langley, Clara A., “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, Vol. IV, 1767-1773, Books I-3 - E-4,” Southern Historical Press, 1984.
  6. Langley, Clara A., “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, Vol. III, 1755-1768, Books QQ - H-3”
  7. Langley, Clara A., “South Carolina Deed Abstracts, 1719-1772, Vol. IV, 1767-1773, Books I-3 - E-4,” Southern Historical Press, 1984.

  • Moore, Caroline T., “Abstracts of the Wills of the State of South Carolina, 1760-1784,” The R. L. Bryan Co., Columbia, SC, 1969.

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According to legend, this person should be Alexander Crawford (b. 1605 Scotland m. Mary Crichton brother of John b. 1600) and link this family to the Scottish Crawford clan. I am certain they are linked but I don't see how it could be through this Alexander since the three brothers (James, Hardy, and John I.) weren't born until 1715-1750. Perhaps Alexander is a grandfather or great grandfather.
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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with John by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree: Mitochondrial DNA test-takers in the direct maternal line: It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share some percentage of DNA with John:

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Comments: 6

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Primary image is just the Adobe Acrobat logo? Perhaps the image changed, but this should probably be removed as the primary photo.
posted by Jonathan Crawford
it was a wikitree glitch... .pdf restored to view
posted by Leake Little
Crawford-16298 and Crawford-449 appear to represent the same person because: Both these John Crawfords have the same death date/place. John Crawford's will only names 3 children - John, Thomas, and Michael, and John's wife Mary. Is there any proof for the other children linked to this John Crawford?
posted by Sarah Sharpless
Hi Sarah - yes, there is evidence for the children of John Crawford (Hanover, VA) and Mary Duke (same) in published genealogies and other historical records. Do we have the same for John Crawford (Craven, SC) who was married to an Elizabeth? Who was Elizabeth? Why weren't John's (Craven) children with Mary Duke not mentioned in the will cited? These were likely two different men.
posted by Leake Little
Crawford-449 and Crawford-4277 appear to represent the same person because: Hi - these appear to be the same person, however there are differences in the spouses and children as indicated... Can we merge the profiles and work through the differences in children later?

Please let me know your concerns or questions. I'd like to move this line forward.

posted by Leake Little

C  >  Crawford  >  John Crawford

Categories: Crawford Y-STR Group I2