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Ephraim Crockett Sr (1755 - 1835)

PVT Ephraim Crockett Sr aka Crocket
Born in Falmouth, York County, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died in Danville Cumberland Mainemap
Profile last modified | Created 16 Apr 2012
This page has been accessed 505 times.

Biography

Ephraim was born in 1755 in Falmouth, York County, Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was the son of Richard Crockett and Elizabeth Roberts. Ephraim Crockett served in the Revolutionary War in Captain Samuel Dunn's Company of Col. Edmund Phinney's Massachusetts 31st Regiment of Foot. The regiment took part in the siege for one year with Capt. Crocker of Boston under General Israel Putnams. He also served one year with Capt Crocker's Company of Col. Mitchell's Regiment. He was in the War from 1775 through 1777.

Ephraim married Rebecca Stanford on June 26, 1777, and they had 10 children on record.[1] Find A Grave contributor Sue Warner records that he passed away April 9, 1835, at Durham, Androscoggin County, Maine, and was buried at Wagg Cemetery, Auburn, Androscoggin County, Maine.

In 1760, York County, Massachusetts Bay Colony, was divided (because of its large size) to create Cumberland and Lincoln counties carved out of its eastern portions. Falmouth, Cumberland County, encompassed the present day cities of Portland, South Portland, Westbrook and Cape Elizabeth. Cape Elizabeth became Maine's twenty-third town on November 1, 1765, when it separated from Falmouth, as Portland was then known. From Massachusetts Bay Colony, to Massachusetts' newly adopted state government in 1780, it created the District of Maine to manage its eastern territories. We now know Ephraim's birthplace as Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County, Maine.


[Information from the 30 documents found in the National Archives, Washington, DC, were viewed online at https://www.fold3.com/ on July 3-4, 2016 by C. Curts. Some contradictions exist with previously written information, which are explained at the end. This begins information appended by C.Curts 04 July 2016. -cc]

The National Archives has two files for Ephraim. The larger file with 27 documents is listed under the surname spelling Crockett (2 T's); the smaller file with 3 documents is listed under the spelling Crocket (1 T). Many documents stated the same information with different forms of verification and affidavitts. All documents identifying Cape Elizabeth or Danville state those towns are in Cumberland County. Below are some data highlights.

The larger file (Crockett) includes:

1) Ephraim’s Pension Number: W. 23888 [2].

2) A 2-page letter from the commissioner of the "Rev. and 1812 Wars Section EEL" to descendant Abbie J Tubbs of Norway, Maine, dated Jul 26, 1929, summarizes 27 documents in the file (with name spelled as Crockett - two T's). Both pages are sources.[3] [4]

--Enlisted in April 1775; served 8 months with Capt. Dunn in Col. Phinney’s regiment.

--Enlisted Jan 1, 1776, served 1 year as a private in Capt. Crocker’s Company in Col Mitchell’s regiment.

--Enlisted “in 1777” and served 6 months as a private in Capt. Leach’s Company in “Colonel Mitchell’s Massachusetts regiment.”

--He was born in Cape Elizabeth. “After the Revolution he lived for many years at Cape Elizabeth, then moved to Danville, Cumberland County, Maine, where he resided when he was allowed pension on his application executed August 10, 1832.”

3) In a signed statement dated Nov. 28, 1838, Ephraim's widow averred the following information:

--Ephraim died April 9, 1835, in Danville, Cumberland County, Maine.

--Rebecca Crockett was Rebecca Stanford before they married.

--Ephraim and Rebecca married June 26, 1777 in Cape Elizabeth. (This marriage date contradicts the date of June 20th reported on page 88 in the book A History of Norway, Maine From the Earliest Settlements to the Close of the Year 1922; however, her statement spells out the day and year instead of using digits.) Rebecca signed with her mark "x."[5]

--Ephraim served two (2) years "or more."

The government office collected 6 more affidavits and some in-court testimonies before (finally) granting her a pension. Witnesses on her behalf included David Crockett, Jr. (her grandson); James Wagg; John Mussy, Josiah Berry, John Robinson, and Daniel Robinson who were from various places in Cumberland County, Maine. Their statements merely repeated the same information.

4) James Dyer, town clerk at Cape Elizabeth, testified to the Court of Common Pleas that he verified in the records of the Reverend Ephraim Clark of Cape Elizabeth, "the late minister," that Ephraim married Rebecca Stanford on Jun 26, 1777 in Cape Elizabeth.[6]

5) The government was in arrears to his widow for three (3) years for $240 as of Mar 4th, 1839. They (finally) issued the certificate of pension May 10th, 1839. She died seven (7) months later she on Dec 6, 1839. [7]


The archives' smaller file (Crocket) documents Ephraim's service in Capt. Leach's Company (Col. Mitchell's Massachusetts regiment) at Matrosses, Maine; a re-enlistment date; and wages owed to him on March 31, 1777.

Currently, neither file at the archives includes the application for a military headstone signed July 9, 1927 by Annie A Wagg stating his burial is in the South Auburn Cemetery. The headstone, shipped to H.S. Wagg, is shown in a photograph at the grave that is posted at http://www.findagrave.com (Memorial #21315544). The original application may be viewed on the Ancestry genealogy website .[8]


Explanation of the contradictions of dates and places recorded above are due to separations, renaming, and mergers of various towns, counties, and states as follows:

--Born in Falmouth, York County - not Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County. When Ephraim was born (1755) Falmouth was located in York County and included a huge area; the town of Cape Elizabeth did not exist. About 1760, York County split and created Cumberland County, which caused Falmouth to span both York and Cumberland Counties. About 1765 Falmouth split, and Cape Elizabeth became its own town entirely in Cumberland County. When the documents in the archives were created, the writers and signers recorded his birth place as the then-current name Cape Elizabeth, Cumberland County.

--'Married June 26, 1777 - not June 20, 1777. Rebecca's signed statement spells out the full day and year instead of using digits. This contradicts the date of June 20th reported on page 88 in the book A History of Norway, Maine From the Earliest Settlements to the Close of the Year 1922. To date I find no other source for the date June 20th, and I suspect it is a typing error in the book.)

--Died in Danville, Cumberland County (1835) - not Durham and not Auburn. When Ephraim died, Danville was in Cumberland County. About 1854 Danville and other areas were ceded to Androscoggin County. About 1867 Danville ceased to exist as an independent entity because it was absorbed by the town of Auburn. Currently I find that only the volunteer-operated website www.FindAGrave.com states he died in Durham. It is possible his death was registered or recorded there, but he died in Danville.

--Buried in South Auburn Cemetery - not Wagg Cemetery. Insufficient information to determine the cause of the discrepancy. Currently only the volunteer-operated website www.FindAGrave.com refers to the graveyard as Wagg Cemetery, in Auburn, Maine, listing only 11 graves. Due to the its size, it seems reasonable to assume that Wagg Cemetery is a private family cemetery located in on private property South Auburn.

--Served in the Massachusetts regiments though he enlisted in Cape Elizabeth, Maine. During the Revolution, Maine was part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony; on March 15, 1820, Maine became a separate state, the 23rd state, under the Missouri Compromise. Of note, Col. Phinney was stationed in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and Col. Mitchell was based in Matrosses Maine. [This ends the information appended by C. Curts, 04 July 2016. -cc]

Sources

  • Series M805 Roll 233 Image 574 File W23888 Maine Pensioners 1835.
  • Maine Death Records, 1617-1922
  • Whitman, Charles Foster. A History of Norway, Maine From the Earliest Settlements to the Close of the Year 1922. Norway, Maine: Lewiston Journal Printshop and Bindery, 1924. Pages 88, 380-181.
  1. Find A Grave Memorial# 21315544
  2. [1]
  3. https://www.fold3.com/image/14147159
  4. https://www.fold3.com/image/14147163
  5. https://www.fold3.com/image/14147146
  6. https://www.fold3.com/image/14147155
  7. https://www.fold3.com/image/14147139
  8. http://home.ancestry.com/ Ancestry

Acknowledgments

Click the Changes tab for the details of contributions by Bruce Porter and others.



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