James (Crofts) Scott
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James (Crofts) Scott (1649 - 1685)

James "Duke of Monmouth, Duke of Buccleuch" Scott formerly Crofts
Born in Rotterdam, Holland, Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlandenmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 20 Apr 1663 in London, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died at age 36 in Tower Hill, London, Englandmap
Problems/Questions Profile manager: John Atkinson private message [send private message]
Profile last modified | Created 23 Nov 2008
This page has been accessed 7,304 times.


European Aristocracy
James Crofts was a member of the aristocracy in England.

James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth

Married in "the Earl of Wemyss House London"[1] to Anne Scott (1651 - 1732) on 20 Apr 1663. (Likely David Wemyss)

He also had a mistress, Eleanor Needham (abt.1650-)

20 June 1685: James (Crofts) Scott, the illegitimate first-born son of King Charles II, declared himself "King of England".[2]

15 July 1685: He was beheaded for treason by Jack Ketch at Tower Hill[3]


  1. Record in "The Peerage" http://thepeerage.com/p10837.htm#i108367
  2. Wikipedia: June 20
  3. Wikipedia: Jack Ketch

See Also:

    • The Scots Peerage : Founded On Wood's Ed. Of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage Of Scotland; Containing An Historical And Genealogical Account Of The Nobility Of That Kingdom : Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846-1931 : Free Download, Borrow, And Streaming : Internet Archive". 2020. Internet Archive.James and Anne Scott, pp 237-240.
  • Wikipedia: James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth
  • Wikipedia: Monmouth Rebellion
  • Wikipedia: Battle of Sedgemoor
  • Birth and death details taken from wikipedia - click here to see the article [1]
  • Memorial: Find a Grave (has image)
    Find A Grave: Memorial #6850 (accessed 23 September 2022)
    Memorial page for James of Monmouth Famous memorial (9 Apr 1649-15 Jul 1685), citing Chapel of Saint Peter-ad-Vincula, Wapping, London Borough of Tower Hamlets, Greater London, England; Maintained by Find a Grave.

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DNA Connections
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Comments: 4

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reputed father of Jennings-9102, see profile

can we add him as an uncertain son?

posted by Monica Edmunds
I'd like to see something more reliable than Burke's Commoners statement "that he was reputed to be" to confirm the relationship and there is the issue that Monmouth would have only been 13 or so at the time of Jennings birth. I'd prefer not to have Jennings added, even as an uncertain son, until better evidence is found.
posted by John Atkinson
Crofts-1 and Scott-35740 appear to represent the same person because: clearly the same man - Crofts-1 is the older profile and any merge should be into Crofts-1 as "Scott" was his married name, not at birth. I have added a PPP to Crofts-1 in advance of the merge. Please merge them now.
posted on Scott-35740 (merged) by Chet Snow
Scott-3715 and Crofts-1 appear to represent the same person because: After creating 3715 I found that his birth name was Crofts. My mistake.