Thomas Cromwell KG

Thomas Cromwell KG (abt. 1485 - abt. 1540)

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Thomas "1st Earl of Essex" Cromwell KG
Born about in Putney, London, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [location unknown]
Descendants descendants
Died about in Tower of London, Londonmap
Profile last modified | Created 19 May 2010 | Last significant change: 28 Nov 2018
00:41: Vivienne Caldwell edited the Biography for Thomas Cromwell KG (abt.1485-abt.1540). (added sources) [Thank Vivienne for this]
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Categories: Knights Companion of the Garter.

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Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, KG (c. 1485 – 28 July 1540), He m. c.1515 Elizabeth Wyckes (1489–1528) the widow of Thomas Williams, a Yeoman of the Guard, and the daughter of a Putney shearman, Henry Wykes, who had served as a Gentleman Usher to King Henry VII.

Children of Thomas Chromwell, 1st Earl of Essex and Elizabeth Wyckes

  1. Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell (c. 1520–51), who married Elizabeth Seymour
  2. Anne Cromwell (died c. 1529, sweating sickness)
  3. Grace Cromwell (died c. 1529, sweating sickness)

Thomas Cromwell also had an illegitimate daughter, Jane (c. 1520/25 – c. 1580). Jane married William Hough (c. 1525–85), of Leighton in Wirral, Cheshire, sometime between 1535-39. William Hough was the son of Richard Hough (1508–73/74) who was Cromwell's agent in Chester from 1534-40. Jane and her husband William Hough remained staunch Roman Catholics who, together with their daughter, Alice, her husband, William Whitmore and their children, all came to the attention of the authorities as recusants during the reign of Elizabeth I.

Three months after he was raised to the peerage as 1st Earl of Essex, he was arrested at a Council meeting, condemned to death without trial and beheaded on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540, the day of the King's marriage to Catherine Howard.


  • Commissioner for the Subsidy, London 1524, Kent 1534, for printing of the Bible 1539, for sale of crown lands 1539, 1540
  • Councillor, Member of the King's Council by January 1531
  • Master of King's Jewel House jointly with Sir John Williams 14 April 1532, c. 1533–1540
  • Clerk of the Hanaper 16 July 1532, jointly with Ralph Sadler Apr. 1535–1540
  • Chancellor of the Exchequer 12 April 1533–1540
  • Recorder, Bristol 1533–1540
  • Steward, Westminster Abbey 12 September 1533, jointly with Robert Wroth 14 February 1534 – May 1535
  • Lordships of Edmonton and Sayesbery, Middlesex May 1535, of Havering-atte-Bower, Essex December *1537 manor of Writtle, Essex June 1536, Honour of Rayleigh, Essex September 1539
  • Surveyor of the King's Woods, jointly with Sir William Paulet by 1533
  • Principal Secretary c. April 1534 – April 1540
  • Master of the Rolls 8 October 1534–10 July 1536
  • Constable jointly with Richard Williams (alias Cromwell) of Hertford Castle, Hertfordshire 1534–1540, *Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire 1535–d., sole, Leeds Castle, Kent 4 January 1539–1540
  • Visitor-General of the Monasteries 21 January 1535
  • Steward, Duchy of Lancaster, Essex, Hertfordshire and Middlesex 12 May 1535–1540
  • Steward of Savoy Manor May 1535–1540
  • Chancellor, High Steward and Visitor, Cambridge University 1535–1540
  • Commissioner for the Peace, Bristol, Kent, Middlesex, Surrey 1535–1540, Essex 1536–1540, Derbyshire, *Westmorland 1537–1540, all counties 1538–1540
  • Prebendary of Salisbury, May 1536–1540
  • Receiver of Petitions in the Lords, Parliament of 1536
  • Trier, Parliament of 1539
  • Lord Privy Seal, 2 July 1536–1540
  • Vicar-General and Vicegerent of the King in spirituals, 18 July 1536
  • Dean of Wells, 1537–1540
  • Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre, North of Trent, 30 December 1537–1540
  • Governor of the Isle of Wight, 2 November 1538–1540
  • Great Chamberlain, 17 April 1540
  • Earl of Essex, 18 April 1540


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No known carriers of Thomas's Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests.

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Images: 2
Thomas Cromwell Image 1
Thomas Cromwell Image 1

Thomas Cromwell Image 1
Thomas Cromwell Image 1


On 9 Nov 2017 at 14:55 GMT Billy Huff wrote:

If interested, see profile of Richard Hough, servant of Thomas Cromwell and father of William who married his daughter Jane Cromwell.

On 15 Feb 2017 at 14:45 GMT DK Clews wrote:


"Thomas Cromwell, 1st and last Earl of Essex." The (

Many Thanks

On 15 Feb 2017 at 14:41 GMT DK Clews wrote:

Please add the following as well for anyone interested;

"Danny Dyer." Who do you think you are? (Series 13, Episode 1). BBC One. 24 November 2016.

Actor Danny Dyer is a direct descendant of Thomas Cromwell.

Many thanks.

On 2 Mar 2015 at 20:55 GMT Andrew Lancaster wrote:

Clearly the same as cromwell-12

Thomas is 26 degrees from Rosa Parks, 21 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 14 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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