||Thomas Crump was a Convict sent to Australia After the Third Fleet.|
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Thomas Crump was born about 1770 in Staffordshire, Englandwas the son of Hannah Crumpton. Some genealogy records have his date of birth as 17 October 1770. There is a christening Record for a Thomas "Crompton" that may be for Thomas which fit with both his name and his mother's, and with the father also being Thomas. It is possible that his Last Name at Birth was actually "Crompton."
Thomas was tried, convicted found guilty and sentenced to death. This sentence was imputed on the condition that he be transported for life and he was sent to the New South Wales Colony, leaving England in February, 1794 aboard the Ship "Surprize" and arriving at Sydney Cove on 17 October 1794.
In 1797, Thomas sent a letter to his mother, Hannah, who worked for a Tin-plate Worker by the name of Mr. J. Scholefield, asking to have his tools sent out from England. Mr Schofield received permission, and was able to send a Box of Tools, as well as a Smith's Bellows, to Thomas Crompton on the ship "Barwell", a Convict Ship, in 1798 making it possible for him to pursue his trade as a white-smith. .
He traveled on the same ship as another convict, Mary Harrison who he married on 12 March 1797 in St Phillips Anglican Church, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia  . The sons from this marriage were Thomas Crumpton and Isaac Crump.
However, by 1802 Thomas was mustered as on the victualing list at Norfolk Island [Ref CA513], having left his wife and two sons behind in Sydney. He remained there for many years and was then transferred to Newcastle where he remained for a number of years without hope of being transferred back to his family.
It was at Newcastle that Thomas met and began a relationship with Mary Johnson, a convict who had arrived at Sydney Cove, Greater Sydney, New South Wales, Australia on January 26, 1809 and had been transferred tho Newcastle. Their children were Maria Crump, Caroline (Crump) Brown, Arthur Benjamin Crumpton, Harriet (Crump) Knott, Francis Crump, Samuel Crump, Charles Crumpton and Hannah (Crump) Sherwood.
On 30 January 1810 Thomas received his emancipation papers from Lieutenant Govenor Paterson and wished to return to Sydney, only to be returned to Newcastle on 3 February 1810 as emancipation was illegal. .
On 20 Oct 1810 the following appeared in the The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW : 1803 - 1842) Sat 20 Oct 1810 Page 3 SYDNEY: At this day's Bench of Magistrates Elizabeth Fielding was charged by Thomas Crump with having taken from his person a pocket-book, containing sundry promissory notes of hand, and other papers of value amounting in the whole to £50. --- The prisoner, being shut out by the evidence of several who appeared against her from any evident ground of defence, set up a plea of his having given them to her to lay out to the best advantage for their mutual benefit: but of this her own assertion was the only evidence; whereas the facts, upon the other side were clear and positive. The Court cleared, and upon reopening the prisoner was sentenced to be removed to Parramatta, there to be kept to hard labour for two years in the Factory.
|Emancipation Document Citing Thomas Crump.|
Thomas Crump was a White-smith and Shipwright who had his own business in which he built and owned sea faring vessels, possibly working with his son Thomas Crumpton. It appears he may also have been involved in the transportation of goods as per the following article. "We are sorry to report the loss of the small colonial sloop William Broughton, Thomas Crump owner, in a boisterous gale on the 8th instant a few miles south of Botany Bay Heads. She was laden with wheat and corn ; and what renders the account more distressing, is to report the loss of three lives, namely, George Colston master; James Carney one of the crew ; and Edward Yarley(sic), a settler at Hawkesbury, who leaves a wife and two children to lament his premature end.".
He was quite influencial during this time, and owned a house named "Crump House" which was still so named well into the 1900s. At one stage there was a discrepancey over the ownership, for which Thomas needed confirmation. He also owned a house in Newcastle, which he sold to a Government department for the princely sum of £10
The relationship with Mary Johnson had completely broken down by 1826 as Mary applied for their sons Francis, Samuel and Charles to be accepted into an Orphan Home on 23 July 1928, stating that Thomas had left her two years previously and as she had a younger child to support she was not able to provide for them. The application for admittance of Francis, Samuel & Charles to the orphanage records that her husband Thomas was not supporting her.
In the Census of 1828 he recorded as being aged 58 years and in the household of his son Thomas, and daughter-in-law Eleanor, at Lower Portland Head where he and his son worked together as boat-buildersThere appears to be no record for the death of Thomas Crump and more research is required. Many records have Thomas dying at Hawkesbury River, New South Wales, Australia in 1830 BUT there is NO RECORD of his death and there are sources pointing to him being alive a number of times during the 1830's and up to 9 February 1841.
On 18 September 1834, a notice in the Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser (18.Sep 1834) asked that he collect his tools or they would be sold to pay expenses incurred for board and lodging and on 5 January 1838 there is a newspaper article citing Thomas as informant of a man who suspected of stealing as reported in The Australian (Sydney, NSW : 1824 - 1848)
Thomas had hit extremely hard times as in January 1840 he was charged with refusing to work and was sentenced to one month hard labour. By this time it seems he was very disorderly and drinking heavily.
Again, this time, as reported on 28 November 1840, he was "convicted of being an idle and disorderly person" and sent to the Benevolent Asylum for two months. "Thomas Crump, an unfortunate old grey-beard, above seventy years of age, who arrived in the colony in 1792, was received under the vagrant act for two months, having been convicted of being an idle and disorderly person. He is a smith by trade, but is a fitter inmate for the Benevolent Asylum than the gaol.".
Less than three months later, on 9 February 1841 Thomas was admitted to the Sydney Gaol. This document confirms the correct Thomas Crump by his place of birth as Staffordshire, England, his year of arrival 1792, actual year of arrival was 1794, and the ship he arrived on "Surprise" ("Surprize").
There are no further records that have been found to date (3 April 2018) but something may turn up.
|Thomas Crump in the New South Wales, Australia, Gaol Description and Entrance Book|
Thomas was one of the original settlers in the Hawkesbury District and eventually became a landowner, farmer, and businessman, Ultimately working with his son Thomas Jr, building and owning ships. He is remembered as being a Pioneer of the Hawkesbury area on a monument commemorating the early pioneers who were predominately Convicts.
|Memorial honouring Hawkesbury Early Pioneers|
|Thomas Crump Named on the Memorial|
I beg of you to do me the Honour to State to His Excellency the case of one Thomas Crump at the Coal River. This man is very ingenious and has been in this Colony at work for the Government eighteen years he is an honest industrious and hard working man, a good blacksmith, a carpenter and excellent boat builder, and was for many years armourer to the New South Wales Corps, but when Governor Hunter left the Country he made an attempt to escape in the Governors vessel without his leave and was sent back from the cape, and for that offence sent to the Coal River, and been there near six years as I believe. When the revolution happened in this Colony, with Mr Throsby’s permission I went to reside at this man’s house, and having resided there near fourteen months, I can certify him an honest fair dealing man, not at all like the general characters sent to that place. The reasons that I explained to Commodore Bligh I requested him to procure for this man a pardon which he promised he would and put down his name as recommended by me for a free pardon and said he would sent it out from England, but on hearing the Commodore was applying to His Excellency for Pardons for some men, I requested he would on my request ask that favour of His Excellency here, and he did me the honour to shew me a list he sent to His Excellency in which this man’s name was inserted for a free pardon; he is also one of those that Colonel Paterson granted a pardon to in consequence of his having done some extra work for Government during that time, and that pardon being set aside he now remains at the Coal River. My humble request to His Excellency is that he will be so good as let this man come to Sydney and if he would so far condescend as to let him off the store, I will be security for his good conduct, and it will be a deed of Justice and Charity to a man whose heart is nearly broken. ———————- The Most Humble Petition of Thomas Crump Most Humbly Sheweth that your petitioner has laboured under the heavy sentence of transportation for nearly 18 years during which period has been in the continued employ of Government. Petitioner most—- begs leave to acquaint your Excellency of his having a wife and 2 children now living at Sydney which for upwards of these 8 years last past has not had the happiness of enjoying. Those comforts———to a marriage state, the sole reason of——- a separation is that Petitioner was sent to Norfolk Island at which settlement he remained near four years and since his leaving that Island has been employed at Newcastle without hope of ever leaving it when in consideration of the length of time he has been in the colony as well his long service for government. His Honour Colonel Paterson was pleased to remit the residue of his sentence conditionally, which instrument was forwarded to Newcastle but on seeing Your proclamation he embraced the earliest opportunity for delivery up again. Petitioner most humbly implores Your Excellency will be most generously pleased to confirm his emancipation that he may again return to his family which have been such a length of time entirely lost to him…
He seems to have been released but in part his memorial was true, in that his previous family was lost to him. He commenced a relationship with Mary Johnson (Convict, Aeolus, 1809) soon after his return to Sydney. This relationship produced 9 children over the years but also lots of ‘sparks’. Secretary’s Office 27 Dec 1811 Sir I have been honoured with your note of enquiry respecting a woman named Mary Johnson, and I beg leave to quote what Mr Tho Howe wrote to me on the 18th instant per the Sally respecting her “By the vessel I sent to Sydney a woman of the name of Mary Johnson who came down her in Mr Purcell’s time with a lass of Col O’Connells She then living and she has since with a prisoner of the name of Crump - but their behaviour has been so troublesome I have thought proper to separate them, partly in short at the request of the woman, she will report herself at your office at any time…
On 21 October 1800 Thomas stowed away on the "Buffalo" bound for England<Date fits: The Buffalo 1800 Buffalo arrived at Port Jackson on 25 April 1799, having brought cattle from the Cape of Good Hope. She left for the Cape on 13 September 1799. She returned on 15 April 1800 with more cattle from the Cape. On 21 October 1800, she sailed for England under the command of William Kent. Buffalo left Port Jackson carrying Captain John Hunter, the former governor of New South Wales. She also carried two black swans and three emus, all five of which survived to reach England. Dragged out of his hiding place he was place in irons and left in the Dungeons at the Cape until the "Queen Charlotte" arrived and returned him to Sydney in chains (A Source is Required).
He was transferred to Norfolk Island where he remained until 1807 when he was sent to Newcastle where he became involved with Mary Johnson.
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On 23 Jun 2016 at 04:26 GMT James Hoffmann wrote:
He is mentioned as being alive and kicking in January 1838 when a thief offered to sell some stolen tools to him. Crump(ton) took the tools to his adopted son Joseph Webb, a blacksmith who identified the owner and reported the crime to the police!
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