Pierre was born in Paris. His father was a doctor in general practice. Pierre matriculated at the Sorbonne and received his Licenciateship in Physics in 1878.
Pierre Curie, Marie Skłodowska Curie and Henri Becquerel received the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1903.
"Pierre Curie’s grandfather, Paul Étienne François Gustave, and father, Eugène, were physicians. Eugène was brought up in Paris and studied natural sciences and medicine at the Musée d’Histoire naturelle at 47 rue Cuvier where, later, Henri Becquerel was to be professor of physics and to discover radioactivity. It was also in a house in the rue Cuvier, number 16, that Pierre Curie was born. Later, at 12 rue Cuvier, the Laboratoire Curie was established by the Sorbonne in 1904. The laboratory remained on that site until 1914, when the Institut du Radium was built in rue Pierre Curie.
"Of the first three generations in the family, only Eugène Curie never published. Paul established himself as a physician in England working at the London Homeopathic Infirmary 8–12 having previously worked as a surgeon in the Military Hospital of Paris (Figure 1). In the Curie family tree shown in Figure 2, only Eve Curie was not a scientist; however, she was the author of the first biography of Marie Curie 13. Maurice and Daniel were both physicists. Hélène is a nuclear physicist, and Pierre, a biochemist."
The banns of marriage for Pierre Curie and Marie Skłodowska were published at Sceaux, on the outskirts of Paris, on July 7 1895. The record gives his mother as Sophie Claire "Dapoully". 
Together they became the parents of Irène Curie Joliot-Curie and Eve Denise (Curie) Labouisse.
Pierre was killed in a traffic accident on April 19, 1906. According to the New York Times about his death, he was run over and killed by a wagon on the Place Dauphine.. Hurrying to cross the street, he tripped on the wet pavement and was run over by a horse-drawn wagon with a load of military uniforms, weighing some six tons. He was killed instantly.. His death record states that he was killed opposite Nr. 2, rue Dauphine.
He was originally buried at a cemetery in Sceaux, next to his paretns and later, his wife Marie. In 1995, his and Marie's remains were removed to the Panthéon, Paris, France where they were each laid to rest in a stone sarcophagus.
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