Matthew Cushing
Privacy Level: Open (White)

Matthew Cushing (bef. 1589 - 1660)

Deacon Matthew Cushing
Born before in Hardingham, Norfolk, Englandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married 5 Aug 1613 in Hingham, Norfolk, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died after age 71 in Hingham, Suffolk, Massachusetts Bay Colonymap
Profile last modified | Created 31 May 2009 | Last significant change: 4 Mar 2023
15:03: S (Hill) Willson edited the Biography for Matthew Cushing (bef.1589-1660). (added parameter to proj box) [Thank S for this | 1 thank-you received]
This page has been accessed 4,416 times.
The Puritan Great Migration.
Matthew Cushing migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See The Directory, by R. C. Anderson, p. 85)
Join: Puritan Great Migration Project
Discuss: pgm


Matthew was baptized in Hardingham, England, on 2 March 1588[/9].[1] [2][3][4][5]

He married 5 Aug 1613 in Hingham, Norfolk, England to Nazareth Pitcher. [5] Children- all born in Hingham, England [5]

  1. Daniel Baptized 20 Apr 1619.
  2. Jeremiah (Jesse?) Baptized 21 Jul 1621.
  3. Matthew Baptized 5 Apr 1623. Died 9 Jan 1701.
  4. Deborah Baptized 17 Feb 1625. Died 25 Sep 1700.
  5. John Born 1627.

On 26 Apr 1638 Matthew and family left Gravesend, Kent, England. The arrived 10 Aug 1638 in Hingham, Massachusetts Bay. Matthew was about 50 years old when he and his wife, their five children, and his wife's sister, who was the widow of Francis Riecroft and who died a few weeks after their arrival, embarked in the ship Diligent of Ipswich, England, John Martin, Master, which sailed from Gravesend, 26 April 1638, with 133 passengers including their rector, Robert Peck. "The immediate occasion of their departure seems to have been trouble in ecclesiastical matters. Their rector, doubtless with the sympathy and aid of most of those constituting the emigrating party, had pulled down the rails of chancel and altar, and leveled the latter a foot below the church, as it remains to this day." [5]

Matthew built his home on a house lot of five acres which was granted to him in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638. This house remained in the family until 1887. He was engaged in the public affairs of the town as well as being a deacon in Rev. Peter Hobart's church (the Old Ship Church in Hingham, Massachusetts).[6][5]

He became a deacon in Rev Hobart's church and had many descendants. It is now pretty well established fact that, with the exception of a few families who have come to this country in the past century, all the persons bearing the surname of Cushing in the United States and Canada are his direct lineal descendants. [5]

He resided on Main Street, Hingham below "Pear Tree Hill."[7]

Matthew died 30 Sep 1660 in Hingham,[8][9]

His will, which was a verbal one, was written after his decease by his children, who, under date of 15 Nov 1660, pray that Daniel Cushing, Esq. their oldest brother, may be appointed administrator of their father's estate. (Will in appendix). [5]


  1. Mathias Cushine 1588[/9] baptism, Parish registers of Hardingham; digital images, FamilySearch, FHL Digital Collection, DGS 4033226 (Hingham), image 9 of 133.; father is Petri, mother is Suzanne.
  2. Cushing, James S. p.21-22
  3. Little, George Thomas. Vol 4, p.1868
  4. Deane, Samuel. History of Scituate, Massachusetts (James Loring, 132 Washington Street, Boston, 1831) p.254
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 "The Genealogy of the Cushing Family, an account of the ancestors and descendants of Matthew Cushing, who came to America in 1638 by James S. Cushing"
  6. Cushing, James Stevenson. p. 13-20
  7. History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts (The Town of Hingham, Massachusetts, 1893): Vol II, p.150
  8. Little, George Thomas. Vol. 1, p.336.
  9. "Massachusetts, Town Clerk, Vital and Town Records, 1626-2001," database with images, FamilySearch ( : 13 July 2016), Plymouth > Hingham > Births, marriages, deaths 1635-1844

See also:

  • Little, George Thomas. Genealogical and Family History of the State of Maine (Lewis Historical Publishing Company 1909)
  • Cushing, James Stevenson. 1905. The genealogy of the Cushing family: An account of the ancestors and descendants of Matthew Cushing, who came to America in 1638. Montreal: Perrault Print. Co.
  • Alden, Ebenezer, M.D. Biographical Notices of Deceased Physicians in Massachusetts, The New England Historical & Genealogical Register (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Boston, Mass.) Vol. 1, Page 180
  • Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England 1620-1633, Vol. I. p. 502 [Under Theophilus Cushing entry, believed to be Matthew´s brother.]
  • Colonial Families of the United States of America. In Seven Volumes. Volume VII Page 436-437

Additional information

The early Cushing ancestry has been traced from the Viking, Hrolf Nefja Jarl, mentioned in the Scandinavian Sagas relating to the latter half of the eighth century, through his descendants in later centuries in Normandy and in England to a Galfridua, Gerard or Geoffrey Cusyn who was born in Norfolk County, England, in the latter part of the thirteenth century. He possessed estates in Hardingham, Norfolk County, for which in 1327 he was assessed to the King's subsidies. Galfridua's descendants remained in Norfolk County until our immigrant ancestor, Matthew Cushing, moved to America in 1638. The spelling of the name developed from Cusyn, Cosyn, Cussheyn, Cushyn to the current spelling of Cushing.

Sponsored Search

Is Matthew your ancestor? Please don't go away!
 star icon Login to collaborate or comment, or
 star icon contact private message private message a profile manager, or
 star icon ask our community of genealogists a question.
Sponsored Search by

No known carriers of Matthew's DNA have taken a DNA test.

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Sponsored by Ancestry ®

Family History Search.


Enter a grandparent's name. Just one grandparent can lead you to many discoveries.

Comments: 5

Leave a message for others who see this profile.
There are no comments yet.
Login to post a comment.
The bio here references Cushing Family Genealogy which says that the Diligent sailed in April 1638 from Gravesend, Kent. Banks, says June from Ipswich (see

I assume that Banks is more reliable in this case? Any better sources to check?

posted by M Cole
Matthew Cushing's wife, Nazareth (Pitcher) Cushing (bef.1586-1682), should be PGM.

Have inserted a section heading for immigration on her profile.--Gene

posted by GeneJ X
She has been added. Thank you.
posted by S (Hill) Willson
Cushing-876 and Cushing-5 appear to represent the same person because: Same vitals
posted by Jillaine Smith
Genetic genealogy rocks!

Big mystery: do all w/ the Cushing surname share the same paternal lineal ancestor, the same great (x20) grandfather, the same rare Y-DNA haplogroup for 11,000 years?

I administer a "Cushing surname" genetic genealogy group within ftDNA.

Three descendants of Matthew Cushing Y-DNA tested & are haplogroup R-M269/R1b. Quite specifically, after maximized Y-DNA testing, FTDNA's The Big Y, the American branch is R-Z295.

R1b > M269 > (L23>L51>L151) > P312 > DF27 > Z195 > Z274/2 > Z209 > Z262 > R-Z295 which formed & has a TMRCA of 4500 ybp.

We're looking for 2 more 1638 American Matthew Cushing descendants and three English Cushings to do maximized Y-DNA Big Y tests on, to fully reveal the lineage!

Y-DNA traces your descent from Adam & Eve...

posted by Dave Cushing

Rejected matches › Matthew Cushing (1665-1715)

C  >  Cushing  >  Matthew Cushing

Categories: Diligent, sailed June 1638 | Puritan Great Migration