||Matthew Cushing migrated to New England during the Puritan Great Migration (1620-1640). (See The Directory, by R. C. Anderson, p. 85)|
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Matthew was baptized in Hardingham, England, on 2 March 1588[/9]. 
He married 5 Aug 1613 in Hingham, Norfolk, England to Nazareth Pitcher.  Children- all born in Hingham, England 
On 26 Apr 1638 Matthew and family left Gravesend, Kent, England. The arrived 10 Aug 1638 in Hingham, Massachusetts Bay. Matthew was about 50 years old when he and his wife, their five children, and his wife's sister, who was the widow of Francis Riecroft and who died a few weeks after their arrival, embarked in the ship Diligent of Ipswich, England, John Martin, Master, which sailed from Gravesend, 26 April 1638, with 133 passengers including their rector, Robert Peck. "The immediate occasion of their departure seems to have been trouble in ecclesiastical matters. Their rector, doubtless with the sympathy and aid of most of those constituting the emigrating party, had pulled down the rails of chancel and altar, and leveled the latter a foot below the church, as it remains to this day." 
Matthew built his home on a house lot of five acres which was granted to him in Hingham, Massachusetts in 1638. This house remained in the family until 1887. He was engaged in the public affairs of the town as well as being a deacon in Rev. Peter Hobart's church (the Old Ship Church in Hingham, Massachusetts).
He became a deacon in Rev Hobart's church and had many descendants. It is now pretty well established fact that, with the exception of a few families who have come to this country in the past century, all the persons bearing the surname of Cushing in the United States and Canada are his direct lineal descendants. 
He resided on Main Street, Hingham below "Pear Tree Hill."
Matthew died 30 Sep 1660 in Hingham,
His will, which was a verbal one, was written after his decease by his children, who, under date of 15 Nov 1660, pray that Daniel Cushing, Esq. their oldest brother, may be appointed administrator of their father's estate. (Will in appendix). 
The early Cushing ancestry has been traced from the Viking, Hrolf Nefja Jarl, mentioned in the Scandinavian Sagas relating to the latter half of the eighth century, through his descendants in later centuries in Normandy and in England to a Galfridua, Gerard or Geoffrey Cusyn who was born in Norfolk County, England, in the latter part of the thirteenth century. He possessed estates in Hardingham, Norfolk County, for which in 1327 he was assessed to the King's subsidies. Galfridua's descendants remained in Norfolk County until our immigrant ancestor, Matthew Cushing, moved to America in 1638. The spelling of the name developed from Cusyn, Cosyn, Cussheyn, Cushyn to the current spelling of Cushing.
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Matthew is 15 degrees from Robert Beheathland, 15 degrees from Bartholomew Gosnold, 10 degrees from Thomas Graves, 12 degrees from Anne Laydon, 17 degrees from Alice Longe, 12 degrees from Samuel Mathews, 16 degrees from Christopher Newport, 13 degrees from John Smith, 12 degrees from Nathaniel Tatum, 11 degrees from Temperance West, 13 degrees from Francis Wyatt and 17 degrees from Valerie Penner on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.
Categories: Diligent, sailed June 1638 | Puritan Great Migration
I assume that Banks is more reliable in this case? Any better sources to check?
Have inserted a section heading for immigration on her profile.--Gene
Big mystery: do all w/ the Cushing surname share the same paternal lineal ancestor, the same great (x20) grandfather, the same rare Y-DNA haplogroup for 11,000 years?
I administer a "Cushing surname" genetic genealogy group within ftDNA. https://isogg.org/wiki/Family_Tree_DNA
Three descendants of Matthew Cushing Y-DNA tested & are haplogroup R-M269/R1b. https://www.eupedia.com/europe/Haplogroup_R1b_Y-DNA.shtml Quite specifically, after maximized Y-DNA testing, FTDNA's The Big Y, the American branch is R-Z295.
R1b > M269 > (L23>L51>L151) > P312 > DF27 > Z195 > Z274/2 > Z209 > Z262 > R-Z295 which formed & has a TMRCA of 4500 ybp.
We're looking for 2 more 1638 American Matthew Cushing descendants and three English Cushings to do maximized Y-DNA Big Y tests on, to fully reveal the lineage!
Y-DNA traces your descent from Adam & Eve...