George Custer

George Armstrong Custer (1839 - 1876)

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Gen. George Armstrong "Autie" Custer
Born in New Rumley, Harrison, Ohio, USAmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married in Monroe, Michigan, USAmap
[children unknown]
Died in Crow Agency, Montana, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 24 Jul 2011 | Last significant change: 28 Nov 2018
22:45: Gil Davis edited the Biography for George Armstrong Custer (1839-1876). (added cemetery) [Thank Gil for this]
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Categories: Namesakes US Counties | United States Military Academy | Union Army Generals, United States Civil War | First Battle of Bull Run | This Day In History December 05 | This Day In History June 26 | United States Military Academy Post Cemetery, West Point, New York | Notables.

George Custer is Notable.
George Armstrong Custer was a United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars.

Biography

  • Born Dec. 5, 1839 in New Rumly, Harrison Co., Ohio to Emmanuel Henry Custer and Maria (Ward) Kirkpatrick Custer .
  • Entering the US Military Academy at West Point on 1 July 1857, George Armstrong Custer graduated in 1861. At the academy he was given two nicknames - Cinnamon and Curly, although the family nickname was Autie. The normal 5-year course of study was cut to 4 years because of the outbreak of the US Civil War. Custer graduated last in his class and had 726 demerits, one of the worst records in the history of the Academy and this in despite of the truncated course of study. Other classmen included Felix Huston Robertson, Guy Vernor Henry, and Thomas L. "Tex" Rosser.[1]
  • Commissioned as a 2d Lieutenant upon graduation, Custer first saw action at the Battle of Bull Run in July 1861. Through the course of the war, he rose in rank to brevet (temporary) major general. Due to his quick rise in rank, he was referred to as the "boy general."
  • After Appomattox, the best hope for an ambitious officer was the Indian Wars in the West. And that is where Custer went, as a cavalry Lt. Colonel, after a year of serving as an officer in the post-war Reconstruction in Texas, and briefly considering options in the private sector.
  • In Jul 1866, he was appointed Lt. Colonel of the newly-created, Kansas-based 7th Cavalry. Never lacking for brashness, he was suspended for going AWOL to see his wife.
  • Later, in 1873, he provided military escort for a railroad survey in the Black Hills, through territory reserved to the Lakota in 1851 & 1868 treaties. The following year, he led an expedition, returning to the Black Hills. He announced the discovery of gold, boom towns like Deadwood sprung up, and the treaties were broken. And so the seeds of bitterness were sown among the tribes of the Northern Plains against the golden-haired General. Due to his hair color, he was referred to by the Indians as "yellow hair" which was in addition to being known as "son of the morning star." The Indian nicknames are actually nice when compared to the nicknames given him by his own troops - Iron Butt, Hard Ass, and Ringlets.
  • At the Little Bighorn, Custer's command was part of a larger military campaign to subdue the Indians who were massing. The Indian village was composed of seven bands of Lakotas, a few Arapaho, and a number of Cheyenne. Custer's orders were to find the Indian village and inform Generals Terry and Gibbon of the location. What has never been made clear is whether he was ordered not to attack the camp but wait for the arrival of the main force or if he could use his own judgement and order an early attack. Custer did decide to attack without the main force but then made the tactical mistake of splinting his 7th Cavalry into smaller units. As a result, two battalions of three companies each and the pack train with one company were isolated from Custer's five companies who were slain at the Last Stand. The myth that Custer's entire command was wiped out still exists today. In truth, the five companies, consisting of about 215 troops out of the combined 7th Cavalry force of about 625, at the Last Stand were slain. An Army Court of Inquiry was later convened to hear the survivors testimony of the battle. No one was ever charged for misconduct. At least 18 troopers were awarded the Medal of Honor. The Custer family lost a number of family members in the battle. In addition to Custer, those who died were Custer's brothers Tom and Boston, brother-in-law Lt. James Calhoun and Custer's nephew Harry "Autie" Reed. For action during the Civil War, Tom Custer had been awarded the Medal of Honor twice. Probably, the most defining book on the battle is The Last Stand by Nathaniel Philbrick, published by Viking Penguin in 2010.
  • Burial: US Military Academy, West Point, Orange County, New York, USA (re-interred in 1877 from Montana)

Legacy

Sources

  1. 1860 United States Federal Census for Cornwall, Orange, New York. At West Point.

See Also:




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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with George by comparing test results with other carriers of his ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

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Images: 3
Memorial Marker where Custer Fell
Memorial Marker where Custer Fell

Major General George Armstrong Custer
Major General George Armstrong Custer

George Custer Image 3
George Custer Image 3

Collaboration

On 21 Aug 2017 at 01:56 GMT Scott Lee wrote:

Nicely done!

On 6 Nov 2014 at 01:40 GMT Doug Lockwood wrote:

Notables
George Custer is notable.
Join: Notables Project
Discuss: notables


On 28 Dec 2012 at 16:21 GMT Ralph Rogers wrote:

Custer had two younger brothers, Thomas Custer and Boston Custer, who both died with him at the Little Bighorn. His other full siblings were the family's youngest child, Margaret Custer, and the weak and unhealthy Nevin Custer. Custer also had several older half-siblings.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Armstrong_Custer



George is 28 degrees from Rosa Parks, 22 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 20 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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