Joan (d'Arc) of Arc

Jeanne Sybille (d'Arc) of Arc (abt. 1412 - 1431)

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St Jeanne Sybille (Joan) "la Pucelle, the Maid, the Maid of Orleans" of Arc formerly d'Arc aka Tarc, Romée, de Vouthon
Born about in Domrémy-la-Pucelle, Lorraine, Francemap
Daughter of [father unknown] and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Rouenmap
Profile last modified | Created 30 May 2014 | Last significant change: 26 Nov 2018
07:20: Stephanie (Gray) Carmon proposed a merge of D'Arc-1 and D’Arc-3 with a comment. [Thank Stephanie for this]
This page has been accessed 3,119 times.

Categories: Profiles Lacking Inline Citations | Saints | Hundred Years' War | This Day In History May 30 | Famous Heroines of France of the 15th Century | Famous Military Leaders of the 15th Century | Famous Martyrs of the 15th Century | This Day in History May 23 | Notables.

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FR: Jeanne d'Arc[1]

First Name: Jehanne, Jehanette[2]

Last Name: d’Arc, Tarc, Romée or possibly de Vouthon[2]

Contents

Biography

Nicknamed "The Maid of Orléans", Joan of Arc (Jeanne d'Arc) is considered a heroine of France and a Roman Catholic saint.

Born about 1412 in Domrémy, a isolated village in Eastern France, Joan was the daughter of Jacques d'Arc and Isabelle Romée. Jacques and Romée owned about 50 acres of land there. Jacques, to supplement his farming, also held a position as a village official, where he collected taxes and led the village watch. During Joan's childhood there were several raids on the village and on one occasion it was even burned.

Joan's trial and execution was managed by Richard de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick.[3]

During the trial, she testified that her first vision occurred at age twelve (c. 1424). While she was in her father's garden, she saw visions of figures she identified as Saint Michael, Saint Catherine and Saint Margaret. They told her to support the uncrowned Charles VII, drive the English out of France and bring the Dauphin to Reims for his coronation. Joan went on to say that as they left she cried due to their beauty.

At age 16, Joan asked a relative to take her to the nearby town of Vaucouleurs, where she petitioned the garrison commander Robert de Baudricourt, to visit the French royal court. At first, he sent her away with a sarcastic reply. She returned the following January, gained support of two of Baudricourt's soldiers and managed a second meeting where she made a remarkable prediction about a military reversal that would happen.

Baudricourt granted her an escort and Joan made the journey through hostile territory dressed as a male. She then met with Charles VII who was impressed with her. Joan asked to travel with the army and wear protective armor, a request which was granted.

Historian Stephen W. Richey wrote: "After years of one humiliating defeat after another, both the military and civil leadership of France were demoralized and discredited. When the Dauphin Charles granted Joan’s urgent request to be equipped for war and placed at the head of his army, his decision must have been based in large part on the knowledge that every orthodox, every rational option had been tried and had failed. Only a regime in the final straits of desperation would pay any heed to an illiterate farm girl who claimed that the voice of God was instructing her to take charge of her country’s army and lead it to victory."

Charles VII sent Joan to the siege of Orléans as part of a relief mission. When the siege was lifted after nine days, Joan gained prominence, and several additional quick victories led to the Charles' coronation.

Joan of Arc was captured 23 May 1430 and handed over to the English. She was put on trial for several charges, including heresy. On 30 May 1431, Joan was found guilty, convicted and sentenced to death. She was burned at the stake when she was about 19 years old.

Twenty-five tears after her death, Pope Callixtus III reviewed the trial, proclaimed her innocence and declared her a martyr. On 16 May 1920 Joan of Arc was canonized by Pope Benedict XV.

Parents

Jacques D Arc[2][4] and Isabelle Romee[5][6][7]

Siblings

  • Jack (Jacquemin)[6]
  • Peter (Pierrelot)[6]
  • John (Jehan)[6]

Sources

  1. Wikipedia (Francais)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 History.com
  3. Brooks-Gordon, B., Ebtehaj, F., Herring, J. & Johnson, M. (2007). "Richard Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick," in Death Rites and Rights, pp. 120. Bloomsbury Publishing. Google Books.[1]
  4. Farmer
  5. Ancestry.com public link
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 Heinzen, Ralph (1929, May 31). Joan of Arc family tree is completed. Berkely Daily Gazette. Google.
  7. History.com: also Isabelle de Vouthon

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DNA
No known carriers of Joan's ancestors' mitochondrial DNA have taken an mtDNA test.

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Images: 2
Joan d'Arc
Joan d'Arc

Joan d'Arc Image 2
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Collaboration

On 13 Nov 2018 at 02:09 GMT Joseph Lastowski wrote:

why aren't her parents listed? It appears we know who they were.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacques_d%27Arc

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isabelle_Rom%C3%A9e

On 29 May 2018 at 04:22 GMT Andrea (Stawski) Pack wrote:

Yes several people I have found with the name of Sybilla

On 29 Sep 2017 at 04:58 GMT Isabelle Rassinot wrote:

Does someone know where that name of Sybille comes from? (I had never heard of it before). - And the correct spelling is Sibylle, anyway.

Thanks !

On 20 Feb 2017 at 23:17 GMT James LaLone wrote:

Book: Pernoud, Regine & Marie-Veronique Clin (Jeremy Duquesnay Adams, trans.), Joan of Arc, Her Story, St. Martin's Griddin, New York, 1999. Very interesting book contains brief biographical sketches of principal characters involved as well as her judges.

On 29 Dec 2016 at 05:24 GMT Cynthia (Edgemon) Rushing wrote:

This profile is in need of an update and to connect her to the larger wikitree.

On 26 Feb 2015 at 01:44 GMT Bree Ogle wrote:

This is a public profile, and can always be improved. Contributions are most welcome!

Note: The LNAB could be changed for Jan 2014 Euroarista Standards... but this is questionable since Joan's origins do not fit those guidelines. Nevertheless, it might improve the profile's visibility in WikiTree's search engine.

On 23 Feb 2015 at 02:48 GMT Renee Malloy Esq wrote:

Dear Cousin, should we edit her profile by adding the names of her parents and their domain?

On 28 Oct 2014 at 02:01 GMT Terry Wright wrote:

Hello Bree I have nominated this profile in our Halloween themed profile of the week ,which is Saint,Ghosts ,Wizards or any profile out of the ordinary



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