Simone de Beauvoir

Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (1908 - 1986)

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Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir
Born in Paris VI, Paris, Seine, Francemap
Ancestors ancestors
[sibling(s) unknown]
[spouse(s) unknown]
[children unknown]
Died in Paris, Île-de-France, Francemap
Profile last modified | Created 16 Jan 2016 | Last significant change: 1 Dec 2018
02:21: EditBot WikiTree edited the Biography for Simone Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir (1908-1986). (Renaming category: Paris, Île-de-France) [Thank EditBot for this]
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Categories: Ecrivains français | Famous Authors of the 20th Century | Feminists | Secondary School Teachers | Paris, France | 6ème Arrondissement, Paris | Cimetière de Montparnasse, Paris, France.

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Contents

Biography

Simone was a French writer and Feminist.

Early Life

Simon Lucie Ernestine Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir was born January 9, 1908 in the 6th Arrondissment of Paris [1]. Here parents were Georges Charles Joseph Bertrand de Beauvoir, a legal secretary and Françoise Marie Thérèse Lucie Brasseur, a wealthy beanker's daughter and devout catholic [2]. Simone's sister, Helene, was born two years later, and was lovingly called "Poupette". The family lost much of their fortune after World War I [3]

As a young woman

In Simone's early years, she attended a prestigious convent school. However at the age of 14, she had a crisis of fatih and declared herself an atheist [4]. In 1926, Simone attended the Sorbonne, where she studied philosophy and mathematics. In 1929, she passed her aggregation. At the time she was only the 9th woman to graduate from the Sorbonne. It was during these years, she met fellow philosopher Jean Paul Sartre, who she would have a lifelong professional and personal relationship with [5][4][2].

Career and Writings

After graduation, Simone taught at a number of schools from 1931-1943. She taught at the Lycée Montgrand in Marseille, Lycée Jeanne-d'Arc in Rouen and Lycée Molière in Paris [2]. Her teaching career ended once she could support herself on her writings alone.

Simone's first major published work was the 1943 novel She Came to Stay in which she examined existential ideals and the complexity of relationships. She followed up the following year with the philosophical essay Pyrrhus and Cineas before returning to fiction with the novels The Blood of Others (1945) and All Men are Mortal (1946) [4].

Simone's seminal work is The Second Sex published in 1949. It is a nearly 1000-page critique of patriarchy and the second-rate status granted to women throughout history. It is one of the most important and earliest works of feminism. It was received with great controversy, with some critics characterizing it as pornography and the Vatican placing the work on the church's list of forbidden texts [4]

In 1954, Simone published The Mandarins. It won her France's highest literary prize, the Prix Goncourt [2]

Simone published many autobiographical works including Mémoires d'une jeune fille rangée (1958; Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter), La Force de l'age (1960; The Prime of Life), La Force des choses (1963: Force of Circumstance), and Tout compte fait (1972: All Said and Done) [5].

Relationship with Jean-Paul Sartre

With Jean-Paul Sartre

In 1929 while attending the Sorbonne, Simone met fellow philosophy major Jean-Paul Sartre. Their relationship soon became romantic, but was never conventional. De Beauvoir rejected a proposal of marriage from Sartre since it went against her feminist beliefs. Quote: "Marriage is traditionally the destiny offered to women by society. Most women are married or have been, or plan to be or suffer from not being." Sartre and Simone were partners for fifty-one years until his death in 1980. However, they never lived together and Simone took many other lovers, both male and female, throughout their relationship. They never had any children. In 1945, Simone and Sartre founded and edited "Le Temps Modernes", a monthly review. Simone remained an editor until her death. [2]

Death

Her gravestone

After Sartre's death in 1980, Simone befriended Sylvie Le Bon, a young student in philosophy. Sylvie became her adoptive daughter and heiress of her literary work and all her possessions. Simone passed away April 14th, 1986 in 14th arrondissement, Paris, France. She was buried on April 16th in Cimietière de Montparnasse, Paris, Île-de-France, France [1] [6]

Research Notes

Birth record not found in Paris Archives in the 6th Arrondissment for January 9; viewed March 5, 2018

Sources

  1. 1.0 1.1 [1] acte de décès, Archives of Paris, 14th Arrondissement, 1986: April 3-May 7, pg. 13; viewed March 5, 2018
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 [2] Wikipedia: Simone de Beauvoir
  3. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 [3] Biography.com: Simone de Beauvoir
  4. 5.0 5.1 [4] Britannica: Simone de Beauvor
  5. Find A Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/1162 : accessed 13 February 2017), memorial page for Simone de Beauvoir (1908 - 1986) - Find A Grave Memorial.


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Simone is 33 degrees from Rosa Parks, 33 degrees from Anne Tichborne and 29 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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