Marie of Berry, suo jure Duchess of Auvergne, Countess of Montpensier
She was married three times. She acted as regent for her third husband John I, Duke of Bourbon during his imprisonment in England after he was captured following the French defeat at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415.
After Philippe's death inter Sarracenos ("among the Saracens"), his body was brought back to Eu, his home town, and Marie gave an endowment of £100 annually to the Collegial Church of Notre-Dame-et-Saint-Laurent for a mass to be celebrated there on 17 June each year in his memory.Their eldest son, Philippe, died on 23 December in the same year and is also buried in Eu.Jointly with her widowed sister-in-law, Jeanne of Thouars, Marie was appointed guardian of the three surviving children of her marriage with Philippe: Charles, Bonne and Catherine. Aged about three, Charles succeeded his father as Count of Eu. His revenues were held for him until he came of age by three trustees: Marie herself, her father, and her uncle Philip the Bold, Duke of Burgundy
Marie married her third husband John of Bourbon at the "King's Palace" (the Palais de la Cité) in Paris on 21 June 1401. The contract had been signed at Paris on 27 May 1400 after complex negotiations. She bore him three children. He was appointed Grand Chamberlain of France on 18 March 1408 and succeeded his father as Duke of Bourbon on 19 August 1410. Marie's father had persuaded King Charles VI not to fight at the battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415, but Marie's husband did fight, was captured, and spent the rest of his life in English captivity.
Marie is believed to be depicted in one or possibly two full-page miniatures in the Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, a lavishly-illustrated manuscript made for her father in the years after his sons' deaths. In the illustration for the month of April, the young noblemen and women in the foreground are grouped around a couple agreeing to be married.
A May Day celebration among nobles takes place in the foreground of the illustration for the month of May. Details appear to confirm that the house of Bourbon is represented.Both Cazelles and Stirnemann believe that the woman seen in the foreground, riding on a white horse and wearing a large white headdress, is Marie on the occasion of her marriage on 21 June 1401. These scholars do not agree as to which of the accompanying men is John of Bourbon.The buildings in the background have been variously identified, but G. Papertiant suggests that they are the Châtelet, Conciergerie and Tour de l'Horloge in Paris, and at the centre the Palais de la Cité where Marie's wedding took place
All three of Marie's brothers were dead before 1400,which explains the complexity of the negotiations for her third marriage: she and her elder sister Bonne were to be heirs to John of Berry's titles, which required royal assent. John of Berry died on 15 June 1416 (by which time Marie's husband was already a prisoner in England). Marie was accordingly appointed Duchess of Auvergne and Countess of Montpensier on 26 April 1418; these titles were confirmed in 1425.
On 17 January 1421, her husband appointed her administrator of his estates as well.He died a prisoner in London in January 1434.Marie died in Lyon on an unknown date in June of the same year. She was buried at Souvigny Priory.
Marie de Berry, née en 1370, morte en juin 1434 à Lyon, duchesse d'Auvergne, comtesse de Montpensier, est la fille de Jean Ier duc de Berry et de Jeanne d'Armagnac,
Elle épousa en premières noces à Bourges à l'église Saint-Étienne en août 1386 Louis de Châtillon. L'époux de Marie de Berry meurt brusquement à Beaumont en Hainaut le 15 juillet 1391.
Veuve, Marie se remarie à Paris le 27 janvier 1393 avec Philippe d'Artois, (1358 - 1397), comte d'Eu, fils de Jean d'Artois comte d'Eu et de Isabeau de Melun, et eut :
Charles (1393 - 1472), comte d'Eu ;
Philippe (1394 - 1397) ;
Bonne d'Artois (1395 - 1425) ;
Catherine (1397 - 1420).
Philippe d'Artois est capturé au siège de Nicopolis et demeure prisonnier des Turcs jusqu'en juin 1397 où il meurt sans avoir pu payer sa rançon.
À nouveau veuve, Marie de Berry se remarie en troisièmes noces à Paris le 27 mai 1400 avec Jean Ier (1381 - 1434), duc de Bourbon. Elle eut de son troisième mariage :
Charles Ier (1401 - 1456), duc de Bourbon et d'Auvergne ;
Louis (1402 - 1412), comte de Forez ;
Louis le Bon (1403 - 1486), comte de Montpensier et de Sancerre, dauphin d'Auvergne et comte de Clermont ;
Isabelle de Bourbon (1404 - morte jeune) ;
Marie de Bourbon (1405 - morte jeune).
En 1434, Marie de Berry meurt en juin à Lyon lors d'un déplacement dans ses terres de Beaujeu. Elle est enterrée ainsi que son mari (dont la dépouille est rapatriée entre 1452 et 1460) au prieuré de Souvigny, nécropole des ducs de Bourbon.