|Duke of Parma,
Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain
7 May 1977 – 18 August 2010
Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma and Piacenza (8 April 1930 – 18 August 2010) was the head of the House of Bourbon-Parma (a branch of the House of Bourbon) from 1977 until his death. Carlos Hugo was pretender to the defunct throne of Parma, and a Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos Hugo I. He was born in Paris and baptized Hugues Marie Sixte Robert Louis Jean Georges Benoît Michel. On 28 June 1963 he was officially renamed Charles Hugues, by judgment of the court of appeal of la Seine, France. He was a French citizen, and since 1980 a naturalized Spanish citizen. His marriage to Princess Irene of the Netherlands in 1964 caused a constitutional crisis in the Netherlands. Carlos Hugo was the son of Xavier, Duke of Parma, and Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset. In 1977, his father died, and Carlos Hugo succeeded him claiming the thrones of Parma, Etruria and Spain. He claimed the headship of the Constantinian Order of Saint George, although it was not tied to the ducal throne of Parma, but is adjudicated by the church of Rome to follow the male primogeniture.
Carlos Hugo was Grand Master of four dynastic orders:
Carlos Hugo was also member of the following orders:
As a claimant to the throne of Spain, Carlos Hugo also claimed to be the Grand Master of the Spanish Order of the Golden Fleece. He wore the Golden Fleece in a sumptuous Austrian version of the jewel on a red ribbon around his neck when he married. The collar of a Spanish Knight of the Golden Fleece lay on his coffin after his death.
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