||Magna Carta Surety Baron|
Robert de Vere was one of the twenty-five medieval barons who were surety for Magna Carta in 1215.
Join: Magna Carta Project
"Robert de Vere (d 1221) was a member of a comital family, based at Hedingham (Essex), which owed its rise to rise to eminence to the patronage of the Empress Matilda in the civil war of King Stephen’s reign in the 1140s."
"Robert himself was the third surviving son of Earl Aubrey (d. 1194) by his third wife, Agnes of Essex, and succeeded to the title on the death of his elder brother, another Aubrey in October 1214."
Marriage: After 1206, Robert de Vere married Isabel de Bolebec, daughter of Hugh Bolbec and wife, and widow of Henry de Nonant.
Children: Robert and Isabel had a son, Hugh (who married Hawise de Quincy), and a daughter, Eleanor (who married Ralph Gernon).
Brother: Upon the death of his childless elder brother Aubrey, second earl of Oxford, in 1214, Robert became third earl and hereditary great chamberlain of England. "On payment of a thousand marks he obtained livery of his lands and the wardship of the heir of William FitzOates to marry to his niece".
"Robert’s defection to the rebel side in 1215 provides yet another example of King John’s capacity to alienate men who should have been numbered among his natural allies. His predecessor in the title had been one of the king’s most loyal intimates and administrators. Robert was probably moved to defect in part by his resentment at the relief of 1000 marks charged for his entry into his inheritance, which was high for an estate of only moderate extent. Most of all, however, he probably nursed a grievance against the king for his failure to confirm him in the title of earl and in the office of court chamberlain, which de Vere held by hereditary right.
"Robert is known to have been present at the baronial muster at Stamford in April 1215 and he was named by the chronicler Roger Wendover as one of the principal promoters of discontent. He was a key figure in the East Anglian group of rebels. By 23 June, after the meeting at Runnymede, the king was evidently angling to regain his support because on that date a royal letter was issued which implicitly recognised him as earl of Oxford. By that time, however, it was too late: Robert had already been named to the Twenty Five. Towards the end of March 1216 John took possession of his castle at Hedingham after a three-day siege and the earl, who was not present, was granted a safe-conduct to seek the king’s forgiveness. Within months, however, he had defected to Louis of France and he was not to re-enter royal allegiance for good until the general settlement of the rebellion in the autumn of 1217."
After John's death he recovered his lands. In October 1217, he returned to allegiance. "Although he did homage to Henry, he was not fully restored in his offices and lands until February 1218."
"In the year of Robert's death, his widow gave a site in the city of Oxford to the Dominicans (the black friars) who had just come into England."
"Robert’s widow obtained the guardianship of their son, Hugh, who was a minor, and of his estates, which she was to exercise for about ten years. She died on 3 February 1245 and was buried in the Dominican friary at Oxford, nearer to her own family’s estates."
Robert de Vere was buried at Hatfield Priory, Hatfield Peverel village, Braintree, Essex presently the active priory church of St. Andrews, with parts of the original Norman priory church surviving. His wife Isabel was buried in the new church of the Black Friars, Oxford, which she founded. The church was dissolved by Henry VIII in the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 1530s and no longer exists.
"Oxford [Robert de Vere] has by some writers been reckoned a judge of the royal court, on the strength of a solitary record of fines levied before him in 1220, and as a younger son he might have been brought up to the law. But he may only have been presiding, as peers frequently did, over a body of itinerant justices. Indeed, he is found acting in that capacity in Hertfordshire later in the same year."
This page has been edited according to Style Standards adopted by January 2014. Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than De_Vere-309 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged.
Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.
Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.
On 12 Sep 2019 at 04:13 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:
On 27 Mar 2018 at 03:04 GMT Darlene (Athey) Athey-Hill wrote:
On 27 Mar 2018 at 01:27 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:
any objection if I remove Alice & Robert as children and edit birth location from Hatfield, Broad Oaks, Essex, England (where he's buried) to be just Essex, England?
On 22 Jan 2018 at 05:13 GMT Anonymous (Holland) Carroll wrote:
Gabrield Ludlow, immigrated in 1694 to New York. He married Sarah Hanmer. They had seven sons, and five daughters.
Wasn't he, (Gabriel Ludlow-97), Magna Carta badged at one time? Robert De_Vere-309 is the 14th great grandfather of Gabriel Ludlow-97.
On 15 Sep 2017 at 11:39 GMT John Atkinson wrote:
On 27 Mar 2017 at 07:08 GMT Russ Gunther KT CH wrote:
- He was Christened in 1164. 
↑ Source: #S152 Page: 60-28, 246-27 Source: S152 Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists Who Came to New England between 1623 and 1650, 6th ed.,Weis, Frederick (Lewis Publication: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1988), Note: RIN#10004
↑ Source: #S150 Page: X 210-216 Source: S150 The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Vols. I-XII, Cokayne, George Edward, (St. Catherine Press Ltd., London, 1910-1959).
On 1 Mar 2017 at 17:46 GMT Chet Snow wrote:
On 1 Mar 2017 at 08:06 GMT April (Dellinger) Dauenhauer wrote:
Robert de Vere is written "SIR ROBERT DE VERE" by Richardson in Royal Ancestry, Vol V, page 251.
Regardless that there may be more to it than can be covered here, and this era produces conflicting opinions among experts, it is my opinion WikiTree should continue to use "SIR" unless a question in G2G produces changes in the guidelines.
On 28 Feb 2017 at 23:56 GMT Chase Ashley wrote:
On 21 Sep 2015 at 04:51 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote: