Linda Waggoner recently discovered that Caīžąkēga was the son of "Old" Decora, and that he had the name "Lone Deer". (pc 2020) He was probably born around 1800.
Foster’s version of his name is Tchä́ēzha̬nkǽḵä, which in a better transliteration is Cáīžąkēga. This can be analyzed as ca, “deer”; (h)īžą, “a, one”; -kē, "when suffixed to a ordinal number, it indicates the total number ("the n of them”)." [Lipkind] The -ga is a definite article suffix used in personal names. This is difficult to render in English. Dorsey translates hižąke simply as “one”. The suffix -kē puts emphasis on the aggregate exemplifying the number, Peter Menaige translated this for Foster as "lone, lonely". So Cáīžąkē was translated as "Lone Deer”. “Lonely Deer”, however, carries inappropriate emotional implications.
The problem with such a name is that it suggests membership in the Deer Clan, a Lower Moiety clan; but Cáīžąkēga is a Decorah, and therefore a member of the Thunderbird Clan. It would have to have been an honorific nickname, but its significance as such is unclear.
"Tshizunhaukau was not a regular medicine-man, but he practised the art when it suited his convenience, and had the reputation of possessing the gift." (McKinney 199)
"He maintained a high character as a warrior, and was one of the deputation who accompanied Nawkaw, the principal chief of the Winnebagoes, to Washington, in 1828." (McKinney 190)
By 1834, after the death of his father and older brothers, he assumed the position of chief. (Foster)
He is most famous for his calendar stick shown in the painting by Charles Bird King. McKinney has this to say about it:
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