The censuses give her Hocąk name as MaNoHumpAWinKah, which is for Mąnąhąbᵋwįga. It is from mąną, "the earth, the ground"; hąp, "to burrow through"; -wį-, a feminine gender infix; -ga, a definite article suffix used in personal names. So the name means, "She Burrows Through the Ground". This is an attested Bear Clan personal name that refers to the ursine practice of creating a hibernating den; but the Decorahs are of the Thunderbird Clan, so the name would likely refer to the idea that lightning stabs through the ground.
Emma said in 1938, “My mother was Mary Sam Decorah. You see, my father’s name was Sam, so mother was called Mary Sam. My man’s name was John, so I am called Emma John Decorah.” (CT 10a)
Her first marriage was to a man named "Deer" with whom she had a son, Raymond (b. 1911). (1912, 1926 censuses) There were three brothers, Mess, Leo, and High Deer who were about Emma's age and who lived at the same agency. (1912 census)
Her second marriage was with George Fourcloud, with whom she had the following children:
They had been married since at least 1917. (1917 census) They were divorced on 12 June 1926. (1926 NE census) A George Fourcloud of the Winnebago reservation had killed four women between 1902 and 1904, for which he served some time in Leavenworth Prison. (IR)
From about 1927 to 1930, she had a marriage with John Decorah (b. 1888), and took his name "John" as her own middle name. They had two children,
Under the name "Emma Decora Fourcloud", she obtained a tract of land at Dixon, Nebraska as part of the partitioning of the Winnebago Reservation: T 029N R 005E, Tract 9 (NW¼ of Section 35), which is at 42.291740, -96.818061. (BLM) One of those receiving part of this allotment was Emma's ex-husband George Fourcloud.
Emma says that she and her sister Fannie "make baskets, and we bring the black ash that we make them from, clear from Stevens Point. All kinds of baskets: market, lunch, picnic, clothes and all styles of baskets we make. They’re nice, too.” (CL 10a)
She passed away in 1945, and is buried in Section: MAUSTON, Block: 55, Lot: 11, Space: 1, at Mauston-Oakwood Cemetery, Mauston, Juneau County, Wisconsin. (Find a Grave)
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