Hugh le Despenser, Knt., 'styled "the younger," of Hanley Castle, Worcestershire,' 2nd Lord le Despenser
“Hugh was the notorious favourite of Edward II, king of England 1307-1327. He used the king’s infatuation with him to make himself the de facto ruler of England for much of the 1320s, and the richest man in the country, until his execution at Hereford in November 1326....Nothing in Hugh’s early life gives a hint of his later notoriety. He was born sometime between 1286 and 1290 (by way of comparison, Edward II was born in 1284)...."
His son Hugh survived the 1326 defeat (and executions) of Hugh and his father, who had stood with Edward II against an uprising led by Edward's wife Queen Isabel and her consort, Roger Mortimer. The 1326 invasion of England by Isabel and Mortimer "led to the capture of Hugh Despenser the Younger and the abdication of Isabella's husband, Edward II".Edward III, Edward II's eldest son, was crowned King of England in January 1327 and "is noted for his military success and for restoring royal authority after the disastrous and unorthodox reign of his father".
Hugh was executed at Hereford on 24 November 1326; his father was executed at Bristol on 27 October 1326.
Father: Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester (1262-1326), Constable of Devizes, Marlborough, Odiham, St. Briavel's, & Striguil Castles. He was born March 1, 1260/1 and married Isabel de Beauchamp "between 10 Sept. 1285 (record of Highworth Hundred Rolls) and 27 Jan. 1287 (date of fine for marrying without license)".
Aside from Hugh being eldest son and Gilbert the second, the order of their children's birth is not known.
On 24 November 1326 at Hereford, Herefordshire, Hugh was executed as a traitor:
"Hanged; then, his head was set up on London Bridge, his quarters were hung up at Dover, Bristol, York, and Newcastle. His parts were eventually collected and buried at Tewkesbury Abbey, Gloucestershire."
↑ 1.01.11.21.188.8.131.52 Douglas Richardson. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham (Salt Lake City: the author, 2013), volume II, pages 443-448 DESPENSER 11.
↑ The younger Despenser's exact birth date is unknown ("le Despencer, Baron (E, 1295 with precedency from 1264)". Cracroft's Peerage. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011.) but was likely between 1286 and 1290; for example, the BBC gives "c. 1287" ("The Sceptred Isle".); Alison Weir (2005) writes that he was "at least three years younger" than Edward II (page 115), which indicates a birth no later than 1287. (posted Feb 08, 2019 by Robin Wood)
↑ Eleanor de Clare married (1st) Hugh Le Despenser, 2nd Lord Despenser; (2nd) William la Zouche Mortimer, 1st Lord Zouche of Richard's Castle (Richardson, Royal Ancestry, II:203-204 CLARE 8.ii). Eleanor had two sons by William: Hugh and William (Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, I:138 BEAUCHAMP 5).
↑ 16.016.116.216.3 Children listed as Hugh, Edward, Gilbert and Philip in 1619 Visitations of the county of Warwick, taken by William Camden (see p 283, p 284 - note that the scanned pages are out of order)
↑ Gentleman's Magazine, 8 (1860), p. 373 (cited by Richardson for son Philip).
↑ See a discussion of birth order by Kathryn Warner's "The Despenser Brothers" (posted 30 April 2019, accessed 8 January 2020).
Richardson, Douglas. Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 4 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. 2nd edition. Salt Lake City: the author, 2011. See also WikiTree's source page for Magna Carta Ancestry.
Richardson, Douglas. Royal Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, 5 vols, ed. Kimball G. Everingham. Salt Lake City: the author, 2013. See also WikiTree's source page for Royal Ancestry.
The Greatest Traitor - The Life of Sir Roger Mortimer Ruler of England 1327-1330, by Ian Mortimer (pub. 2005) - details the lives and executions of Hugh le Despenser, Elder and Younger, as cronies of the despotic King Edward II.
Click the Changes tab to see edits to this profile; from that list, click WikiTree IDs other than Despenser-6 to see changes to those profiles prior to being merged. Thank you to everyone who contributed to this profile.
The trail from John Fisher to the Bigods, through Isabel de Beauchamp, was noted as ready for review at Base Camp a while back and needs re-review. It goes through Hugh's son Edward. Looking at profiles on the trail returned by the Relationship Finder on 7 January 2020 between Fisher and Hugh reveals the following:
Beauchamp-78, Elizabeth (de Beauchamp) Neville's profile, has the "Trail Pending" project box and is managed by the Magna Carta Project. It does not appear to be in need of re-review, although it has references that use span ids (which WikiTree no longer condones). The profiles on the rest of the trail need a bit more work, some more than others. ~ Noland-165, 7 Jan. 2020
Despenser-32, Isabel (Despenser) de Beauchamp's profile, does not meet current Magna Carta Project standards and is not managed by the Magna Carta Project. ~ Noland-165, 7 Jan. 2020