Angelo Di Carlo

Angelo Di Carlo (1891 - 1967)

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Angelo "Capitano" Di Carlo
Born in Corleone, Palermo, Italymap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married about (to ) in Italymap
Died in Turi, Bari, Puglia, Italymap
Profile last modified | Created 11 Nov 2015
This page has been accessed 1,397 times.

Categories: Corleone, Italia | Corleonesi Immigrants to New York | Corleone Mafia | Consanguineous Marriages | Double In Law Marriages | Italian Armed Forces.

Contents

Biography

Angelo Di Carlo is born 8 February 1891 in Corleone and baptized twelve days later. He is the son of Vincenzo di Carlo and Maria Santa Castro. His godfather is Michaele Moscato, who is unmarried.[1][2]

According to his living nephew and godson, Vincent Di Carlo, in Corleone the Di Carlo family are known as "I Pumette," because of the very tall, fair, beautiful members of the family. Examination of Vincent's DNA discloses that they are most likely descendants of the Normans.[3] According to a 1928 manifest, Angelo is 5'9", with a medium complexion, and brown hair and eyes.[4] Thom L. Jones describes Angelo as a "tall man, with brown eyes and a heavy build."[5]

Angelo marries Luisa "Luisina" Castro, daughter of Calogero Castro and Rosalia Lombardo about 1916 in Sicily, Italy. Angelo and Luisa are first cousins.[3]

Italian Military Service

Angelo is a graduate of the Italian military academy and a captain in the Italian army. At this time, Italy is engaged in an effort to colonize parts of Africa. Late in the 19th century, Italy took Somalia and Eritrea, but was defeated in its attempt to take Ethiopia. In 1911, Italy occupies Libya and declares war on the Ottoman Empire, which holds Libya at this time. The war ends in 1912 by treaty, with the Turks withdrawing from Libya.

Angelo serves in Libya during Italy's occupation, following the Italo-Turkish War. Vincent has an Italian Army campaign medal for his service (3o BATTALION MOBILITATO DEL 40o FANTERIA), December 1912 - February 1915. Vincent also has an oil painting of Angelo in his Italian Army uniform. Post active military service he remains a captain in the army reserve. He is referred to as "Capitano" by all who know him.[3]

Angelo has left active service by the time Italy enters the First World War, on 23 May 1915.

Controversies

Note: In The Mafia Encyclopedia there is an entry for Angelo "Gyp" DeCarlo (1902-1973), a NJ racket boss and hit man who went to prison in 1970. [6] This is not the same person as the Angelo Di Carlo who was born in 1891 in Corleone.

There is a consensus in the literature regarding the identity of Captain Angelo Di Carlo, born in 1891, a butcher by family profession, and a successful businessman with suspected connections to the Mafia in Corleone.

Between the Wars: First Immigration to New York

Mussolini is rising to power in the 1920s, and appoints Cesare Mori as prefect of Palermo in 1925, with the objective of eliminating the Mafia. The resulting purges send hundreds of men from Sicily, fleeing the Fascists. Jones writes that Angelo fled to New York City because of Cesare Mori's purge of the Mafia in the 1920s.[5]

Angelo arrived in the United States for the first time in 1926, age 35. Although married, he comes alone on the S.S. Conte Biancamano which departs Naples, Italy on July 7 and arrives in New York on July 16, 1926. The manifest lists his occupation as Captain. Several of those traveling with him are stamped "Diplomat." Angelo is going to his uncle Giovanni di Miceli, at 241 East 108th St, New York. (FBI records describe Giovanni as a banker.[7]) Angelo plans to stay for six months. This record gives his height at 5'7", with dark complexion and chestnut hair and eyes. His temporary admission is extended until 1/1/28, according to the note written above. His wife, Luisa, is living in their home in Corleone, at 16 via Ononto.[8][9]

A 1971 hearing on former Corleone mayor Vito Ciancimino makes mention of Angelo several times. One assertion is that Di Carlo was an artillery captain on leave and fled after WWI as an anarchist, at the time he first emigrated to the United States.[10]

In August 1927, The Brooklyn Eagle reports Angelo is accused by the Italian Ambassador to the United States of killing Francesco Bosco in Sicily on 1 July 1926. He is arrested and held for arraignment on 19 August.[11]

"According to the Ambassador, Di Carlo killed Bosco in a political row, Bosco being a Fascist and DiCarlo a member of an opposing party, says the Post. The Brooklyn Daily Eagle writes that the detectives were told Di Carlo was "a member of the Masonic fraternity." DiCarlo is arrested at Ellis Island when he goes to immigration officials to obtain another extension of his permit (presumably every six months) to remain in the United States on his tourist's visa.[12]

"Shortly after the murder, Di Carlo obtained leave of absence from the Army and came to the United States as a tourist, investing about $18,000 in a marble business with an uncle. From time to time, he appeared at Ellis Island and secured an extension of his tourist leave. Learning of the practice, the Italian officials in Washington requested his arrest and detention for extradition."[11] According to both sources, Angelo claimed no knowledge of the crime.

Vincent says Angelo was anti-fascist and fled Italy to disassociate himself. While fleeing, because of his army reserve status, Angelo failed to obtain authority to leave Italy and was declared a military deserter. Vincent has a copy of a letter written by Angelo to Mussolini seeking amnesty. After WWII the new Italian Republic granted amnesty to all Italian military and Angelo was able to return to Italy without punishment.

Open Issue: Documentation received from NARA indicates that Angelo di Carlo is held for about a month at Ellis Island in 1926, upon disembarking, and then released. He is held at this time due to the accusation of murder. News reports a year later indicate that this much time has elapsed before Angelo is sought in connection with this crime.

Angelo Di Carlo is tried in 1926 with the murder of Bosco but found innocent due to insufficient evidence. A court of appeals retried him in absentia in 1930 and found him guilty of “Criminal Association.”[13]

Records from NARA indicate that Angelo is not extradited in 1926 or 1927, despite efforts by the Italian government. Angelo tells US authorities he has been tried for this murder and acquitted. The Italian ambassador confirms this, and Angelo is released.

The Ciancimino hearing says of Angelo that while in the US, he became involved in organized crime.[10]

A 1928 manifest gives Angelo's occupation as "Marble Importer." In this record, dated 5 April 1928, Angelo is carrying $2000 (about $27,000 in 2015 dollars) through the Port of Montreal to Rouses Point, NY, on the Canadian border. He gives his last permanent residence, and that of his wife, Louisa, as Palermo, Italy. His destination is 702 E 212 St, New York (the Bronx). He plans to remain there permanently.[14] Vincent says that Angelo and his siblings lived within five miles of one another in the 1930s and 40s, in the Bronx and Yonkers.[3]

A letter Angelo's wife, Louisa, sends in support of an application for rehearing, in 1943, she mentions this occupation among several her husband has engaged in.

Angelo and all six of his brothers---Antonino (Nino), Giuseppe (Piddu), Giovanni (John), Angelo (Capitano), Francesco (Ciccio), Salvatore (Toto), and Calogero (Leo or Lelio) immigrate to the United States. All but Angelo die there. [3]

Angelo returns to Italy in 1937 to take care of his father, who dies this year. He returns to the United States with his spouse Luisa Castro on the S.S. Conte di Savoia on January 25, 1939.[3]

Angelo's godson and nephew, Vincent, writes "At one point Uncle Angelo and his wife aunt Luisina shared our home in the Bronx." That was in 1940-41.

World War II

According to at least two sources, while in New York, Angelo serves in both the US Marines and in the American Cosa Nostra while in the US.[15][10] Another source that repeats the story that Angelo was a US Marine, rather than a captain in the Italian army, is Thom L. Jones.[5] The source of this legend is evidently di Carlo's Italian military title, in combination with his service with the OSS, late in the war. (The latter has not yet been documented in a primary source.)

Angelo and three of his siblings become "alien enemies" with the 1939 declaration of war of Britain and France against Nazi Germany and its allies, Italy and Japan. As required, they register with the local post office. On 7 December 1941, Proclamation 2527 declares the United States will keep under observation any non-naturalized Italian over the age of fourteen. The Italian segment of the population is taken into custody immediately after the announcement. Six hundred thousand people living in the US are subjected to travel restrictions, forbidden to own cameras or radios, and must carry a mandatory enemy alien registration card at all times.[16]

"Even before war broke out, the FBI had compiled lists of immigrants who were considered dangerous. Among the Italians, there were journalists, language teachers and men active in an Italian veterans group. After Pearl Harbor, about 250 were sent to camps in Montana and elsewhere."[17]

Angelo's brother, Calogero, begins a film distribution company in 1939, and which is later called Esperia, for the purpose of importing and leasing Italian films to US theaters. Angelo works in his brother's business as a salaried vice president, though he never makes much income from this venture. Most of Angelo's income comes from being a shareholder in Roma Theaters, in the US. However, Angelo's work with Esperia brings the family to the attention of the FBI, who see the distribution company as a potential vehicle for propaganda.

Angelo spends fourteen months in internment. Vincent gives this account: In the very early morning of 8 December 1941, the night after Pearl Harbor was attacked, Angelo and three of his brothers are arrested as enemy aliens. At this time, he owns six movie theaters in New York City. All of his assets are sequestered. According to Vincent, Angelo's brothers are released after several months, but Angelo is detained for the entire war in Prisoner of War (POW) camps at Fort Meade in Maryland, Fort Sill in Oklahoma and Fort Missoula in Montana, where he works as a butcher. Vincent and his relatives visit his uncle in Maryland. According to Vincent, Angelo is released after the war. He is never compensated for his sequestered assets.[3]

The appendices of a 2001 report to Congress lists persons of Italian ancestry taken into custody in the initial roundup following the attack on Pearl Harbor, and prior to the US declaration of war against Italy. Angelo appears in this list. Angelo, Calogero, and Francesco appear in a list of other persons of Italian ancestry who were taken into custody during the war.[18]

Latter Years of WWII

Late in the war, the OSS organized elite military Operational Groups for missions behind enemy lines. Their members were carefully screened, and had to speak Italian like a native.[19]

According to the Italian Parliament, Angelo returned to his country with the arrival of the Allies in Sicily, and immediately secured ties of friendship with the largest and most well known Mafiosi from Palermo and Corleone.[10]

In fact, Angelo was still interned during Operation Husky. Following the successful invasion of Sicily by Allied American and British troops in July 1943, a rehearing is "authorized in view of recent military developments in Italy" on 28 September, and Angelo's anti-Fascism is granted greater weight than his previous military service. He is determined not to be a threat to American security.

Angelo is released on 6 November 1943[20], following a campaign of letter writing conducted on his behalf that enlists, among others, the Hon. Charles A. Buckley, and at least two legal firms engaged by Angelo's family members.

After WWII

After the second World War, when the Fascist dictatorship finished, the Corleone family is almost decimated, but it is reorganized, say John Follain and Gordon Kerr, by Angelo Di Carlo and Vincenzo Collura. Both emigrated to the United States in the 1920s and returned to rebuild the powerful local family.[15][21]

Back in Sicily, according to Follain, Angelo secures Dr. Navarra the exclusive right to all Allied military vehicles abandoned in Sicily.[15] According to Kerr, as part of his service in American Cosa Nostra, Angelo is a killer for Charles "Lucky" Luciano in New York. Di Carlo arranges for Navarra to head the criminal family in Corleone, possibly through the military vehicle contract: Angelo has a relationship with the OSS in the United States, says Kerr. Di Carlo's actions on behalf of his cousin anger Vincenzo Collura, who wants to be the boss.[21]

Angelo founds a banking and loan institution, buys and sells large tracts of land from the deposed ex-royalty, and is instrumental in funding/building the Palermo horse racing track. He becomes a multi-millionaire.[3] The financial institution is the I.S.E.P., which is later targeted in an investigation of corrupt former mayor of Corleone, Vito Ciancimino.

Vincent describes his uncle Angelo as a brilliant entrepreneur. He is the first to import foreign films for viewing in the United States. After World War II he starts a travel firm and business at 196 First Avenue in Manhattan, New York to send food packages from Italian Americans who had needy relatives in Italy.[3]

According to the Wikipedia entry in Italian on the Famiglia di Corleone, Angelo di Carlo is the grandson of Angelo Gagliano, a leading Mafia figure in Corleone in the 1920s. This is erroneous. In fact, Gagliano is married to di Carlo's first cousin, once removed, and is Dr. Michele Navarra's uncle. Angelo di Carlo and Dr. Navarra are second cousins.

Vincent says, "I worked with him at his First Avenue office in New York the summer of 1947. I have a wedding photo of my sister Maria Santa “Joan” Giovanna’s wedding July 1947 with him there. My sister Marie went to the Met with Angelo to see the debut of Pia Tassinari sing Tosca in 1947. We were both with him at New Year’s eve 1948 at Times Square, NY. He returned to Italy early that year."[22]

Jones writes that Angelo ran a travel agency with his brother, Calogero, in New York, after WWII and was targeted as a drug trafficker, among other things, using the business as a front. "It’s interesting to speculate that Di Carlo may have been instrumental in helping Dr. Navarra’s campaign to take over the Corleone cosca," Jones writes. However, Angelo "seems to have kept a relatively low profile. [5]

Jones claims Angelo was deported back to Italy sometime after 1947. [5] I have not found any evidence that this is true. Cascio-10 17:29, 14 March 2016 (EDT)

In Vincent Di Carlo's account of his uncle's post war activities, shortly after World War II, Angelo and his spouse return to Italy. He says Angelo suffered a mild heart attack in 1958 and this prompted his return to Sicily[3]; in a personal communication (11 March 2016), Vincent says this is a typo, and the year of the cardiac incident is 1948.

Angelo travels to New York from Palermo, first class, in December 1949. This time, his destination is 196 First Ave, New York, the address of his brother's travel agency. He is 58 years old, married, an Italian citizen, traveling with three pieces of luggage.[23]

Financial Conspiracy

In 1953, Angelo was part of the I.S.E.P. and a well known supporter of the famous Mafia boss of Corleone, Dr. Michael Navarra.[10] The ISEP was one of the financial institutions mentioned in the Vito Ciancimino hearing. Its purpose was to launder money for the mafia.

According to Italian Wikipedia, Angelo probably serves as Consigliori after 1958.[24]

Unfortunately, Vincent writes, in his uncle's late years he becomes involved with some seedy characters and shady deals and loses all of his enormous wealth.[3] Vincent says several unsavory characters invested in the banking and loan business.

ISEP was transformed into a joint stock company. Angelo and Antonino Sorci ousted the other shareholders until they became the only ones, even if part of the shares were made to appear on letterhead as belonging to their respective wives: Luisa Castro in di Carlo's case, and Susanna di Bella in Sorci's. Angelo was still a shareholder in 1963.[10]

At one time he was involved in the management of the Palermo Racecourse at Park, Favorita, and had some connection into Leggio’s activities on his estate near Corleone." [5]

Jones says, Angelo "was warned by the courts in 1964 for conspiracy and meeting with ‘delinquents’ including Leggio, but nothing seems to have come of this."[5]

Angelo was arrested along with over fifty other Corleonese[25] in a Mafia purge, on 16 February 1965.[26] He dies in 1967 awaiting trial.

No one has been deposed as saying that Di Carlo was involved directly in the activities of Luciano Leggio and Dr. Navarra.[10]

Death of Angelo

Angelo dies on 12 November 1967 in Turi, Italy before judgement in 1968. Angelo and Luisa have no children.[3]

Luigia dies on 24 Jul 1985 in Palermo.[3]

Sources

  1. Baptism of Angelus di Carlo, record no. 113, 20 February 1891, "Italia, Palermo, Diocesi di Monreale, Registri Parrocchiali, 1531-1998," images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-266-12332-71148-54?cc=2046915 : accessed 11 November 2015), Corleone > San Martino > Battesimi 1889-1895 > image 133 of 427; Archivio di Arcidiocesi di Palermo (Palermo ArchDiocese Archives, Palermo).
  2. Birth Certificate Stato Civile, Corleone 1891, Parte I, N. 102. February 8, 1891 Angelo Di Carlo son of Vincenzo and Maria Santa Castro.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 Di Carlo, Vincent Angelo. 2013. "The Di Carlo Family: From Corleone, Sicily, Italy." Accessed online 11 November 2015.
  4. "Vermont, St. Albans Canadian Border Crossings, 1895-1954," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-37778-150552-28?cc=2185163 : accessed 14 January 2016), (M1463) Soundex Index to Entries into the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1924-1952 > Roll 24, D262 Jeanne-D460 > image 1251 of 7963; citing NARA microfilm publications M1461, M1463, M1464, and M1465 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 Jones, Thom L. "La Primula Rossa: The story of Luciano Leggio (Part 1)." Accessed online 19 January 2016.
  6. Source accessed online 19 January 2016.
  7. Federal Bureau of Investigation report made at New York, NY on 23 December 1941 by J. Burleson Smith regarding Angelo di Carlo. Released electronically 9 March 2016 by NARA to Justin Cascio.
  8. "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-21716-41497-59?cc=1923888 : accessed 14 January 2016), 3887 - vol 8775-8776, Jul 16, 1926 > image 6 of 1016; citing NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  9. "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-21716-36852-84?cc=1923888 : accessed 14 January 2016), 3887 - vol 8775-8776, Jul 16, 1926 > image 8 of 1016; citing NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 XIII Legislatura - Disegni di Legge e Relazioni - Documenti. Legione Territoriale Carabinieri di Palermo. Oggetto: Vito Calogero Ciancimino gia' Sindaco della Citta' di Palermo. Senato della Repubblica. Camera dei deputati. N. 3209/1064-2 di prot.llo. Dated Palermo, 14 April 1971. Accessed online 24 January 2016.
  11. 11.0 11.1 "Wealthy Italian Arrested Here As Slayer Of Fascist." The Brooklyn Daily Eagle, New York, Friday, August 19, 1927 edition. page 16. Accessed online 26 February 2016.
  12. "Man Arrested Here in Italian Murder." 19 August 1927 New York Evening Post accessed at [fultonhistory.com/Fulton.html Fultonhistory.com] 26 February 2016.
  13. Personal communication, Vincent Di Carlo. 22 January 2016. ~~~~
  14. "Vermont, St. Albans Canadian Border Crossings, 1895-1954," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1951-37778-150552-28?cc=2185163 : accessed 14 January 2016), (M1463) Soundex Index to Entries into the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1924-1952 > Roll 24, D262 Jeanne-D460 > image 1251 of 7963; citing NARA microfilm publications M1461, M1463, M1464, and M1465 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 Follain, John. "The Last Godfathers: Inside the Mafia's Most Infamous Family" Accessed online 10 November 2015.
  16. Wright, Giuseppina. ""WWII Secret: Italian-Americans Internment as Alien Enemies. Accessed online 19 January 2016.
  17. Chawkins, Steve (August 23, 2010). "State apologizes for mistreatment of Italian residents during WWII". Los Angeles Times. Accessed online 14 January 2016.
  18. United States Department of Justice. Report to the Congress of the United States: A Review of the Restrictions on Persons of Italian Ancestry During World War II. November 2001. Accessed online 14 January 2016.
  19. “No Italian Spoken for the Duration of the War:” Language, Italian American Identity, and Cultural Pluralism in the World War II Years, Journal of American Ethnic History 22:2 (Spring 2003):3-33. Accessed online 27 February 2016.
  20. U.S. Department of Justice Immigration and Naturalization Service, Philadelphia, PA, Memorandum for Alien Enemy Information Bureau Office of the Provost Marshal General War Department, Washington, DC, 11/25/43, Re: Change of Status, Detained Enemy Alien. Reproduced from the Unclassified/Declassified Holdings of the National Archives.
  21. 21.0 21.1 Kerr, Gordon. "Fugitives: Dramatic Accounts of Life on the Run." Accessed online 11 November 2015.
  22. Personal communication, Vincent Di Carlo. 19 February 2016. ~~~~
  23. "New York, New York Passenger and Crew Lists, 1909, 1925-1957," database with images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/pal:/MM9.3.1/TH-1942-33882-10571-33?cc=1923888 : accessed 14 January 2016), 7772 - vol 16864-16866, Dec 15, 1949 > image 231 of 1418; citing NARA microfilm publication T715 (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, n.d.).
  24. Wikipedia entry in Italian on the Famiglia di Corleone
  25. Personal communication, Vincent Di Carlo. 22 January 2016. ~~~~
  26. Zingales, Leone. "Provenzano: Il Re di Cosa Nostra." Accessed online 24 January 2016.


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Memories: 1

On 19 Feb 2016 Vincent Di Carlo wrote:

About 1935-36, sitting on my uncle's knee, he taught me the following little Italian rhyme:

Apelle, figlio di Apollo Fece una palla di pelle di pollo Tutti i pesci vennero a galla Per vedere la palla di pelle di pollo Fatta da Apelle figlio di Apollo



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No known carriers of Angelo's ancestors' Y-chromosome or mitochondrial DNA have taken yDNA or mtDNA tests and no close relatives have taken a 23andMe, AncestryDNA, or Family Tree DNA "Family Finder" test.

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Images: 2
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On 12 Jan 2016 at 16:58 GMT Justin Cascio wrote:

Di Carlo-80 and Di Carlo-48 appear to represent the same person because: Same parents, same dates



Angelo is 27 degrees from Robin Helstrom, 35 degrees from Katy Jurado and 29 degrees from Victoria of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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