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Joshua Dixon (abt. 1750 - 1834)

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Joshua Dixon
Born about in Chester, Pennsylvaniamap [uncertain]
Ancestors ancestors
Brother of and
Husband of — married in Wilmington, Delawaremap
Husband of — married in Kennett MM, Chester Co., PAmap
Descendants descendants
Died in Columbiana, Ohio, USAmap
Profile last modified | Created 5 Sep 2013
This page has been accessed 484 times.

Categories: Pennsylvania, American Revolution | Chester County Militia, Pennsylvania Militia, American Revolution.

Joshua Dixon served Pennsylvania during the American Revolution
Service started: unknown
Unit(s): Chester County Militia
Service ended: unknown


Joshua was a Quaker

Joshua Dixon was born Aug 9 1750[1], son of Quakers, John Dixon Rebecca Cox .[2]

Hannah Dixon is listed with a birth of Sept 29 1774 [3], daughter of Joshua Dixon and Phoebe Heald.

Blackburn DB has 3 children listed for Joshua and Dinah, all born in western PA

1. Rachel Dixon, b. 19 Jul 1785, PA
2. John Dixon
3. Thomas Dixon, b. 3 Oct 1797, PA; d. 8 May 1873, , Stark, OH

In the Blackburn DataBase Joshua's siblings and father John have their last name spelled Dixson.

During the revoluntionary war period, Joshua Dixon served as a private in the Chester County, Pennsylvania Militia, suffering depredation in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1781.[4]

Dixon family made the challenging risky move from SE PA to the western edge of PA over the mountains to Mon Valley territory, at present day Roscoe, Washington County. For the very early arrivals there were choice sites available alongside the Monongahela River flowed north toward Fort Pitt, where it m erged to form the Ohio River. the Mon Valley had very unique characteristics, and resources that made it prosper as the gateway to the Northwest Territories. County borders were very imprecise at this point in time. Quaker MM sources frequently identify Fayette county where a Redstone meeting location was utilized. Brownsville PA close in proximity, where the Redstone Creek, entered the river, was opposite side and was in Fayette Co.

Historic Early settlers, Washington Co.
The earliest information anyone has been able to find for Lucyville (Roscoe PA) dates back to October 2, 1784. At that time, Joshua DIXON secured a patent of land from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the territory that was, 70 years later, to become Allen Township. Dixon was just one of many settlers who was given land in this large territory. The DIXON property passed down through the Dixon family until it came to the family of William LATTA, who deeded it to his sons, Ostrander and Alexander on May 18, 1868[5]

In 1802, Joshua and Dinah Dixon moved their family from Washington County, Pennsylvania to Fairfield Township, Columbiana County, Ohio, where they became among the most prominent and active early settlers. They built a cabin there and a few years later erected a brick dwelling, the first brick structure in the area. He took a leading role in the organization of the township and in August of 1805, he laid out the village of Columbiana, having the plat acknowledged by a justice of the peace and recorded in the recorder's office in New Lisbon. He also took an active part in the organization of the first Quaker church in the county.[6]


  1. Blackburn Data Base- Joshua Dixon birth 9 Aug 1750, BFA files; Blackburn Family Association, Inc. Master Database - updated 25 March, 2017
  2. U.S., Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935 [database on-line] Original data: Swarthmore College; Swarthmore, Pennsylvania; Births and Burials, 1706-1806; Collection: Philadelphia Yearly Meeting Minutes; Call Number: MR-Ph 275 .
  3. Blackburn Data Base- Hannah Dixon birth 1774, BFA files; Blackburn Family Association, Inc. Master Database - updated 25 March, 2017
  4. Daughters of the American Revolution records for Ancestor # A032569; Sons of the American Revolution records for Patriot # P-148567; Pennsylvania Archives, Series 5, Volume V, Muster Rolls Relating to the Associators and Militia of the County of Chester, page 885; The Official Roster of the Soldiers of the American Revolution Buried in the State of Ohio (Columbus, Ohio: Ohio Adjutant General's Dept., 1929-1959), Volume I, p. 421.
  5. History of Roscoe, Pennsylvania (Bicentennial book) June 1995.; Compiled and Written by: Nancy Risher Bilitski, Evelyn Gazi Bloom, Dolores Petrick Edwards, Peggie Marciak Holman, Helen B. Webb
  6. Mack, Horace, History of Columbiana County, Ohio: with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers (Philadelphia: D.W. Ensign & Co., 1879), pp. 139-140; McCord, William B., History of Columbiana County, Ohio and Representative Citizens (Biographical Publishing Company, 1905), p. 277.
  • Hinshaw, Encyclopedia of American Quaker Genealogy (Reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1991–1994), vol. IV, p. 620 (Middleton Monthly Meeting, listing 12 children of Joshua, two by his first wife, ten by his second)
  • Website[1] of the City of Columbiana, Ohio (noting the founding role of Joshua Dixon; accessed March 5, 2018)
  • Delaware, Marriage Records, 1750-1954 (online at, showing Wilmington, Delaware as the location for the marriage of Joshua Dixon and Phoebe Heald on December 23, 1773)


Thank you to Steve Conner for creating WikiTree profile Dixon-3073 through the import of Mikesell Winters_2013-09-04.ged on Sep 4, 2013. Source: Ancestry Family Tree

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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Joshua by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Joshua:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.


On 2 May 2017 at 00:05 GMT Marty Ormond wrote:

I did look at the birth date for Joshua has listed in Blackburn and it was Aug instead of Nov, I thought that the 3 mo Quaker adjustment ended before 1750. If I am wrong it can be reedited in Bio, If the Aug seems right then we have to change the data section to Aug.

Apology if I confused things

On 26 Aug 2016 at 03:15 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

On 26 Aug 2016 at 02:20 GMT Robin Lee wrote:

The record is for his birth at the Kennett Monthly meeting, I did fix his birth date and place to match the record.

On 25 Aug 2016 at 23:25 GMT Liz (Noland) Shifflett wrote:

Marj - Swarthmore has massive records. Please... what is the source information being used for the changes? I do not have access to Ancestry's databases (even if the link had been given)

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