Germain  Doucet

Germain Doucet (1595 - aft. 1658)

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Germain Doucet aka Sieur de Laverdure
Born in Couperans en Brie, Francemap
Son of and [mother unknown]
[sibling(s) unknown]
Husband of — married about in Francemap
Husband of — married about in Port Royalemap
Descendants descendants
Died after in Francemap
Doucet-20 created 14 Apr 2010 | Last modified | Last edit: 14 Nov 2017
07:48: Jacqueline Girouard deleted a message from Jacqueline Girouard on the page for Germain Doucet. [Thank Jacqueline for this]
This page has been accessed 7,053 times.

Categories: Y-DNA Haplogroup C3b | Mi'kmaq | Métis Maritime Provinces | French Immigrants to Acadia | Port-Royal, Acadie | Pentagöuet, Acadie | Acadians | Notables.

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Germain Doucet migrated from France to Acadia.
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Germain Doucet is an Acadian.
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Contents

Biographie

(English version below)

Germain Doucet est né en Couperoue en Brye (Coupru en Brie), France.[1]

Vers 1620 Germain épousa une femme francais non identifiée. Entre vers vers 1621 et 1640, Germain a eu trois enfants: Pierre, Marguerite, une métisse fille inconnue, aussi, l'adopte Germain.[1]

Germain était le sieur de La Verdure et Capitaine d'Armes en Acadie.

En 1640, Germain était en Acadie et y servit comme capitaine d’armes de Pentagöuet (Castine, Maine).[2][1][3]

Avant 1654, Germain épousa une autre femme non identifiée.

Lorsque Port-Royal a été capturé par les Britanniques le 16 Août 1654, Germain, en tant que commandant de Port-Royal, a quitté pour la France. Ses enfants, Pierre, Marguerite et Germain sont restés à Port-Royal comme la plupart des Acadiens.[4][5]

Biography

(version français ci-dessus)


Germain Doucet de la Verdure was born in Couperoue en Brye (Coupru en Brie), France.[1]

Around 1620 Germain married a french woman whose name is Unknown Doucet [1]. Between 1621 and 1640, Germain had three children: Pierre b. 1621, France; Marguerite b. 1625, France (http://www.acadian-cajun.com/1671cens.html); and an unknown daughter, now called Jeanne Doucet, b. about 1640, Acadia [1]. A fourth child was adopted Germain Doucet II, born in 1641. It is now known through descendent paternal DNA testing that Germain (1641) was Native American. It was previously believed that Germain Doucet (1595) was Germain's (1641) father. The third child of Germain Doucet, Jeanne Doucet, was from a second wife who was from the local Mi'kmaq or Abenaki natives, and that third child was either Germain's or also adopted.

Germain Doucet was probably the main contributor of the name Doucet (Doucette) in North America (through son Pierre Doucet, he had 17 greatgrandsons, and through adopted Mi'kmaq or Abenaki son Germain Doucet, he had 22 greatgrandsons).

A DNA study shows Germain named an adopted son after himself and that this son had a Amerindian father, C3b Y Chromosome DNA Test Results Point to Native American Deep Ancestry, Relatedness, among United States and Canadian Study Participants By Marie Rundquist August 2012 describes how yDNA testing has shown that Germain's father was Native American. For further explanation on Germain's ( 1641) Native American ancestry, link to this site on this fascinating research.(haplogroup C3b) http://dna-explained.com/2012/09/18/germain-doucet-and-haplogroup-c3b/

Early Acadian History

I627: Isaac de Razilly (a former naval captain), with Cardinal Richelieu’s approval, organized a trading company(Compagnie de la Nouvelle France) for New France and to increase the population with four thousand settlers ( George Macbeath, “Isaac de Razilly”, DCB, vol. 1, p. 567).

1627-1632: Gervase Kirke with the Baronet of New Scotland, Sir William Alexander, established New Scotland (extracts- “The Charter of Nova Scotia to Sir William Alexander”, Mary Frances Farnham, Documentary of the State of Maine, MHS, vol. 7, pp. 57-60). In 1628 Kirke captured four ships that set out from Quebec heading for La Tours’ Cape Sable establishments, taking Claude de La Tour prisoner to England. In 1629, Alexander sent colonists to the French habitation at Port Royal with La Tours help (George Macbeath, “Claude de La Tour”, DCB, vol. 1, p. 567); (Nicolas Deny, Description and Natural History…., pp. 132-137).

1631-1632: In 1632, the Treaty of Saint Germain en Laye was enacted and Lieutenant General of New France, Isaac de Razilly with Charles de Menou d’Aulnay and ‘300 hundred elite men’, set out to retake Port Royal. The Scottish settlers left peacefully (George Macbeath, “Isaac de Razilly”, DCB, vol. 1, p. 568-569); (Clarence D’Entremont, Histoire du Cap Sable, vol. 2, pp. 410, 468-470).

1635: Charles d’Aulnay went to Pentagoet to re-establish French authority over the region around northern Maine and the Penobscot River. The French took control of Pentagoet from the Englishman named Willet. The Massachusetts Bay Colony and Plymouth Colony sought to retake Pentagoet and the fur trade of the region. The force that was sent had two ships, The Great Hope, commanded by one Girling, and Miles Standish’s bark. Girling intended to seize the bark and continue assaulting Pentagoet. Miles Standish withdrew with his bark and Girling ran out of powder. The French reinforced Pentagoet and made it into a small, but formidable fort (William Bradford, Governor MBC, Of Plymouth Plantation, pp. 276-277).

1636: Isaac de Razilly suddenly dies, d’Aulnay tries to take over as Razilly‘s successor.

1637-1654: d’Aulnay and Charles de La Tour are appointed lieutenant-governors in their own right by the King’s ministers. D’Aulnay marries a noble woman of little note, Jeanne Motin, who turns out to be very shrewd. It is a political marriage. d’Aulnay already has Métis children from his Abenaki wife, which was also a political arrangement to make connections with the locals around the Penobscot Bay. D’Aulnay had a Huguenot backer in La Rochelle named Sieur Le Borgne, who was always looking to take over. After numerous sieges and naval encounters with La Tour and his men over the years, in 1645 d’Aulnay finally succeeds in taking over all of Acadian territories and the lucrative trade business they provide. In the last encounter, d’Aulnay executed all of the Huguenot men at La Tours fort at riviere Saint-Jean. La Tour’s wife died as well in a suspicious manner. Five years later d’Aulnay died in a canoe accident. Germain Doucet is named acting commander at Port Royal and guardian of d’Aulnay’s children. In 1653, Jeanne Motin, d’Aulnay’s wife, marries La Tour in order to avoid the being disenfranchised by Sieur Le Borgne. Before Le Borgne could intervene, New Englanders and British troops under Robert Sedgwick, attack the forts at riviere Saint-Jean and Port Royal. In 1754 Germain Doucet is forced to surrender the fort at Port Royal and the soldiers to Sedgwick. Doucet has to return to France. Jeanne Motin sends her and d’Aulnay’s children back to France to poverty and historical oblivion. La Tour is sent to England where he uses his political influence, along with pledging allegiance to the king of England, to be able to return to Acadia. At Cape Sable he retires with Jeanne Motin and she bears him several children. During this time period, d’Aulnay promoted the settling of Acadia and these immigrants stayed long after the historical figures of the time passed from view. The Métis children of d’Aulnay have been lost to history, but Germain Doucet’s children, both full French and Métis, helped establish Acadia. (Marc Lescarbot, Denys, Le Clecq, Biard, Bertrand, George Macbeath, Endicott, Motin, La Tour)

Start of the English takeover of Acadia

Germain was the Sieur de La Verdure and Master at Arms in Acadia.[1]

Title: Adjutant Of Governor D'Aulnay. Port Royal Commandant At The Time Of Surrender To Roger Sedgwick On 16 Aug 1654.[6]

The earliest historical reference that Germain Doucet was in Acadia is in 1640 from Stephen White[1] and Massignon[2]. There is also a reference to Germain Doucet (La Verdure) in a "Lettre au Conseil d'Etat, 1644, 6 Mars", Nouvelle France, Documents Historiques, vol. 1, Librarie J. Demmers, (Quebec, 1893) That Germain Doucet served as 'The Captain at Arms' at Fort Pentagoet with a high standing as d'Aulnay's 'right hand man' and chief armorer. [2][1][3]

In 1640, Germain was in the farthest southern part of Acadia (New France). He was Master at Arms at Pentagöuet (Castine, Maine). There were Amerindians living around the fort, they were probably Mi'kmaq brought from the Port Royal area. The Amerindians around Penobscot Bay were the Penobscots, enemies of the Mi'kmaq, but related to them as well. ( John Riley's interviews with Elder "Fire Keeper" of the Penobscot nation in 2015).

In 1650, when the Sieur d'Aulnay died, Germain was remembered in his will. In recognition for his many years of "loyalty and affection", Doucet received 200 livres and with his wife, a promise of free food and 50 écus of rent per year for the rest of their lives.[4]

Sometime before 1654, Germain married another unidentified woman [1], possibly around the time of his third child's birth, about 1640. It has been shown through DNA testing that this third child had a Mi'kmaq or Abenaki mother, as well as his fourth child, a son, who Germain probably adopted. It is possible the third child was Germain's from the Mi'kmaq or Abenaki wife.

In August 1654, Port-Royal was captured by Robert Sedgwick, who led 300 British soldiers and volunteers:

The soldiers at Port-Royal, who numbered about 130 and probably included d'Aulnay's employees, put up a brief defence against Sedgwick. Setting up an ambush between the landing site of the English troops and the fort, the Frenchmen fired on the attackers but proved no match for the experienced Roundheads. The French soon "took their heels to ye Fort." On August 16 the fort surrendered with Germain Doucet dit La Verdure negotiating the terms. Doucet was acting in his capacity as "Captain commanding in Port Royal for the King" and deputy guardian of the young d'Aulnay children... Sedgwick granted honourable terms , allowing the defenders to march out of the fort with flags flying, drums beating, and muskets at the ready. The soldiers and employees working at the fort were offered transportation back to France and given enough pelts to cover their wages."[4]

Although Germain, as the commander of Port Royal, left for France, his children Pierre, Marguerite, Jeanne, and Germain II remained in Port-Royal, as did most Acadians. [4][5] Germain Doucet lived the prime of his life in Acadia and took part in some of the key historical events of early Acadian history. He left Acadia as part of a legacy of the Acadian French inter-marrying with the Native Americans. It was this intermarriage with the Native Americans that allowed many Acadians to survive in place at Acadia when the British evacuation took place. These metis were a thorn in the side of the British for many years, even to this day!

Timeline

c1595? birth, in France: Couperoue en Brye (Coupru en Brie)
c1620? marriage to an unknown French woman.
1621 birth, son Pierre, in France.
1625 birth, daughter Marguerite, in France.
1632 Treaty Saint-Germain-en-Laye cedes Acadia to France; Razilly brings ~300 elite men.[7] Germain Doucet probably came to Acadia with these 'elite men'.
1636 Arrival of the first families to settle permanently.[8]
c1640? second marriage to an unknown Mi'kmaq or Abenaki woman.
c1640? birth, daughter unknown, with haplogroup A maternal DNA.
1640 Master at Arms in Acadia at Pentagöuet.
1641 adopted, son Germain (It is now known through descendent paternal DNA testing that Germain, born 1641, was Native American).
1654 British capture Port-Royal; French settlement ceases.[9]
1654 Commandant of Port-Royal Germain Doucet leaves for France.
c1660? death.

Discussion

DNA. The Doucet yDNA project posts its results here. There is diferrences in the results between Germain's sons, Pierre having a European haplogroup and Germain having a Native American haplogroup. One would expect a European haplogroup based on the genealogical records. This is the case for descendants of Germain's son Pierre, who was born c1621. However, for descendants of Germain's son Germain born 1641, a sizable group have a haplogroup (C3b), denoting Native American patrilineal heritage. Articles descibing the Doucet DNA results are found here. Family Trees are now available and in time most will have been placed on wikitree.

The Mothers of Acadia Maternal DNA project is conducting ongoing research to verify their origins. In 2010, Stephen White reported that descendants of Germain's daughter, Marguerite Doucet, had a Haplogroup T2b. We don't know the details of how many of her descendants were tested to support this report. Ongoing test results are also reported here. As of May 2014, 7 descendants have consistently reported a T2 haplogroup, indicating European origins.

According to Stephen White of the Acadian Studies Centre out of Moncton, New Brunswick, his research, based on a dispensation given for the marriage of Claude Trahan to Anne LeBlanc, leads him to believe that the wife of Pierre Lejeune II was a daughter of Germain Doucet, whose name is unknown. Then we also have to conclude that Germain Doucet had at least two wives and not one, since some of the descendants of his daughter, Marguerite, have tested for the European Haplogroup T2, yet Jeanne Lejeune dit Briart, who would also be his grand-daughter based on the dispensation, had the Native American Haplogroup A, indicating that Jeanne's mother, Germain's Unknown daughter, and Marguerite Doucet were half-sisters with different mothers. Therefore, Pierre Lejeune II's Doucet wife was at least maternally Amerindienne (Metis), or completely Amerindienne and adopted, as was her brother Germain II. (Source for part of this DNA discussion was the Bra d'Or First Nation study.)

First Marriage to a french Woman. Germain was married around 1620.[1] "It is impossible for the mother of Germain Doucet's children to have been a sister of Jacques Bourgeois' wife, as some writers have claimed, considering that Bourgeois's father and mother-in-law were only married in 1627. (See SGCF vol VI, p372)."[10]

Selon Stephen White[1]:

Arrival. The earliest historical reference that Germain Doucet was in Acadia is in 1640 from Stephen White[1] and Massignon[2]. There is also a reference to Germain Doucet (La Verdure) in a "Lettre au Conseil d'Etat, 1644, 6 Mars", Nouvelle France, Documents Historiques, vol. 1, Librarie J. Demmers, (Quebec, 1893) That Germain Doucet served as 'The Captain at Arms' at Fort Pentagoet with a high standing as d'Aulnay's 'right hand man' and chief armorer.

With Germain Doucet's record of having been d'Aulnay's right hand man and kept in his will (In recognition for his many years of loyalty and affection), and Germain Doucet's record of taking over from d'Aulnay after his death and becoming deputy guardian of the young d'Aulnay children, it is reasonable to assume Doucet was there all along, since the arrival of '300 elite men' in 1632.

Sources

  1. 1.00 1.01 1.02 1.03 1.04 1.05 1.06 1.07 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11 1.12 White, Stephen A., Patrice Gallant, and Hector-J Hébert. Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton, N.-B.: Centre D'études Acadiennes, Université De Moncton, 1999, Print, 526-528. See corrections page 76/197: Famille de Germain Doucet (1) Au lieu de «Couperans en Brie (ou Conflans en Brye)» lire «Couperoue en Brye (Coupru en Brie)».
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p44.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Jacques Boucher, “DOUCET, NICOLAS-BENJAMIN,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 8, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed January 3, 2014.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Dunn, Brenda. A History of Port Royal / Annapolis Royal 1605-1800. Nimbus Publishing, p 21-24(Death of D'Aulnay; 1654 Capture of Port-Royal) p24 (leaves Port Royal)
  5. 5.0 5.1 1671 Acadian Census at Port-Royal.
  6. Source: #S0038
  7. George MacBeath, Biography – RAZILLY, ISAAC DE – Volume I (1000-1700) – Dictionary of Canadian Biography Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20
  8. Massignon, Geneviève. "Les parlers français d'Acadie, enquête linguistique", Librairie Klincksieck, Paris, 1962, 2 tomes, p?.
  9. William I. Roberts, 3rd, “SEDGWICK, ROBERT,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 1, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–, accessed November 20, 2013
  10. White, Stephen A. English Supplement to the Dictionnaire Généalogique Des Familles Acadiennes. Moncton NB: Centre D'Études Acadiennes, 2000, p,112
  • Author: www.grandesfamilles.org Les Grandes Familles Publication: Online Database


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DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with Germain by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. However, there are no known yDNA or mtDNA test-takers in his direct paternal or maternal line. It is likely that these autosomal DNA test-takers will share DNA with Germain:

Have you taken a DNA test for genealogy? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Family Tree DNA.



Images: 2
Germain Doucet 1595
Germain Doucet 1595

Pentagöuet
Pentagöuet

Collaboration

On 7 Jul 2017 at 01:16 GMT Anonymous (Deering) Anonymous wrote:

Hello, I have found direct links to this person via multiple DNA sites but I am unable to contribute due to my lack of the pre-1500s certification.

On 25 Oct 2016 at 14:59 GMT Antoinia Breau wrote:

my date for Germain's birth is wrong should be 1595

On 25 Oct 2016 at 14:57 GMT Antoinia Breau wrote:

Marguerite Louise Doucet

ID : I1558 Female Born Approx 1630 France Death 19 December 1707 Port-Royal, Acadie Buried 20 December 1707 Port-Royal, Acadie


Parents 1. Doucet, Germain dit Laventure (1595 - 1670) I31847 Male Bourgeois, Marie (1597 - ?) I31848 Female Type : Married Date : Approx 1620 Location : St-Germaine, France

Marriages 1. Arseneau, Abarham (1625 - 1662) I250680 Male ID : F169649 Type : Married Children : 1

Marriage

Children Arseneau, Pierre I2508 Male Approx 1650 - Before 1714

2. Dugas, Abraham (1616 - 1707) I1557 Male ID : F1160 Type : Married Children : 8

Marriage Approx 1647

Children Dugas, Marie I2666 Female Approx 1648 - 7 July 1737 Dugas, Claude I10564 Male Approx 1649 - 1732 Dugas, Anne I1556 Female Approx 1654 - 4 November 1740 Dugas, Martin I13034 Male Approx 1656 - Approx 1680 Dugas, Marguerite I2509 Female Approx 1657 - Before 1686 Dugas, Abraham I7988 Male Approx 1661 - After 1734 Dugas, Madeleine I1580 Female Approx 1664 - 8 August 1738 Dugas, Marie I2597 Female Approx 1667 - 13 January 1734

On 25 Oct 2016 at 14:54 GMT Antoinia Breau wrote:

Pierre Doucet

ID : I10492 Male Born Approx 1621 Port-Royal, Acadie Death 1 June 1713 Port-Royal, Acadie Buried 2 June 1713 Port-Royal, Acadie


Parents 1. Doucet, Germain dit Laventure (1595 - 1670) I31847 Male Bourgeois, Marie (1597 - ?) I31848 Female Type : Married Date : Approx 1620 Location : St-Germaine, France

Marriages 1. Pelleret, Henriette (1641 - 1693) I10493 Female ID : F2298 Type : Married Children : 10

Marriage Approx 1660

Children Doucet, Marie-Anne I8842 Female Approx 1661 - 3 November 1710 Doucet, Toussaint dit François I14698 Male Approx 1663 - Before 11 August 1733 Doucet, Jean I21993 Male Approx 1665 - ? Doucet, Pierre I15275 Male Approx 1667 - ? Doucet, Madeleine I13054 Female August 1671 - Before February 1740 Doucet, Louis I3497 Male Approx 1674 - ? Doucet, Louise dite Jeanne I15274 Female Approx 1675 - ? Doucet, René dit Laverdure I7749 Male Approx 1678 - ? Doucet, Marguerite I7783 Female Approx 1680 - 18 June 1747 Doucet, Mathieu I31853 Male Approx 1685 - ?

On 25 Oct 2016 at 14:50 GMT Antoinia Breau wrote:

Germain Doucet

ID : I7570 Male Born 1641 Port-Royal, N.-É. Death Approx 1696 Port-Royal, N.-É.


Parents 1. Doucet, Germain dit Laventure (1595 - 1670) I31847 Male Bourgeois, Marie (1597 - ?) I31848 Female Type : Married Date : Approx 1620 Location : St-Germaine, France

Marriages 1. Landry, Marie-Marguerite (1646 - ?) I7569 Female ID : F2950 Type : Married Children : 10 Children Doucet, Charles I8160 Male 1665 - 8 May 1739 Doucet, Bernard dit Laverdure I31935 Male Approx 1667 - 1709 Doucet, Laurent I4636 Male Approx 1669 - ? Doucet, Jacques I8536 Male Approx 1671 - ? Doucet, Claude dit Maître Jean I24114 Male Approx 1674 - 5 December 1754 Doucet, Marie I15235 Female Approx 1678 - ? Doucet, Jeanne I15237 Female Approx 1680 - Before 7 Jan

On 25 Oct 2016 at 14:34 GMT Antoinia Breau wrote:

Germain dit Laventure Doucet

ID : I31847 Male Born 1595 Coupvray en Brie Death Before 1670 France


Parents

Not available

Marriages 1. Bourgeois, Marie (1597 - ?) I31848 Female ID : F1162 Type : Married Children : 4

Marriage Approx 1620 St-Germaine, France

Children Doucet, I31841 Female Doucet, Pierre I10492 Male Approx 1621 - 1 June 1713 Doucet, Marguerite Louise I1558 Female Approx 1630 - 19 December 1707 Doucet, Germain I7570 Male 1641 - Approx 1696

On 22 Jul 2016 at 15:59 GMT John (DeRoche) deRoche wrote:

Re Jacqueline Girouard's post today: In the "Discussion" section on this profile, see S.A White's judgment on the question of an affinal connection between Germain Doucet Sr & Jacques/Jacob Bourgeois. Note that the article from the Fr Can & Acad Review appeared nearly 50 yrs ago, and White's analysis is much more recent. (BTW the names Doucet, Bourgeois, & Trahan are absent from the passenger list of the St-Jehan, at least from the version on Lucie LeBlanc Consentino's site -- not that it matters here, since the analysis in that 1968 article wouldn't have depended on the list itself.)

On 22 Jul 2016 at 15:19 GMT Jacqueline Girouard wrote:

MARRIAGES: "The Passenger List of the Ship SAINT-JEHAN and the Acadian Origins," in FRENCH CANADIAN AND ACADIAN GENEALOGICAL REVIEW; 1600-1700; vol. 1, no. 1 (spring 1968); p. 71; sent by PERSI in Jun 1999. Germain DOUCET dit La Verdure was a brother-in-law of Jacques BOURGEOIS (married to Jeanne TRAHAN), since he married Jeanne's sister. Source published by Karen Theriot Reader, Rootsweb.com

On 10 Mar 2016 at 20:20 GMT John (DeRoche) deRoche wrote:

The profile needs editing, in the aftermath of some merges. I do not consider myself the best-qualified to do this particular case, & hope that it will be undertaken by one or more of the dedicated guardians of the "Project Protected" circle.

On 10 Mar 2016 at 19:50 GMT R. Murphy wrote:

Doucet-539 and Doucet-20 appear to represent the same person because: Same dates

more comments


Germain is 28 degrees from Aaron Copland, 21 degrees from AJ Jacobs, 19 degrees from Barbara Shoff and 18 degrees from Queen Elizabeth II Windsor on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.

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