William Douglas

William Douglas (abt. 1327 - abt. 1384)

Privacy Level: Open (White)
William "1st Earl of Douglas" Douglas
Born about in Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotlandmap
Ancestors ancestors
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married [date unknown] [location unknown]
Husband of — married 1286 in Castle Cary, Somerset, Englandmap
Descendants descendants
Died about in Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotlandmap
Profile last modified 3 Oct 2019 | Created 21 Feb 2011
This page has been accessed 8,824 times.

Preceded by
First of that line
1st Earl of Douglas
abt. 1358-1384
Succeeded by
Sir James Douglas

Clan Douglas tartan.
William Douglas is a member of Clan Douglas.
Join: Scottish Clans Project
Discuss: scottish_clans



On 26 May 1342 he inherited the vast Douglas family estates from his uncle, Hugh Douglas.1 In August 1353 he slew his kinsman, William Douglas.1 He fought in the Battle of Poitiers on 19 September 1356, where he was wounded.1 As a result of his marriage, William Douglas, 1st Earl of Douglas was styled as Earl of Mar before 13 November 1357. He was created 1st Earl of Douglas [Scotland] on 26 January 1357/58.2 He held the office of Warden of the Marches.

Created 1st Earl of Douglas in 1358, and by marriage Earl of Mar. He returned from training in France in 1348 and recovered Douglasdale and Ettrick Forest to Scottish allegience. He was present at the Battle of Poitiers in 1356. He was warden of the east marches. He rebelled against King David II in 1363 in consequence of royal misappropriation of funds raised for ransom. He was reconciled and swore allegiance to Robert II in 1371. He was justiciar of southern Scotland from 1371 until his death. He had issue by his wife's sister-in-law, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Stewart, Earl of Angus, and Margaret St. Clair.

Sir James Balfour Paul, Editor, 1906, The Scots Peerage, writes: "Hume of. Godscroft and others have assigned three wives to this Earl of Douglas: first, Margaret, or Agnes, Dunbar,2 who is said to be the mother of James, second Earl of Douglas, and of Archibald Douglas, Lord of Galloway; second, Margaret of Mar ; and third, Margaret Stewart, Countess of Mar and Angus. But his only wife was Margaret of Mar, daughter of Donald, and sister of Thomas, Earl of Mar. Douglas and she were married, so far as can be ascertained, in 1357, 3 and she survived him, marrying, as her second husband, before July 1388, Sir John Swinton of Swinton, and dying in 1390."


Note: Y-DNA Haplogroup conflict. (Probably does not belong to Haplogroup I2b1, as listed on familytreedna.com mrl


Date: ABT 1327
Place: Douglas, Lanarkshire, Scotland
Date: ABT 1323
Place: Of, Douglas, LKS, Scotland[1]


Date: MAY 1384[2]


Husband: William Douglas
Wife: Margaret of MAR
Date: BEF 13 NOV 1357
Child: James Douglas
Husband: William Douglas
Wife: Margaret of Mar UNKNOWN
Child: Muriel Douglas
Child: James Douglas
Date: ABT 1286
Place: Of, Castle Cary, Somersetshire, England[3]
Husband: William Douglas
Wife: Margaret Stewart
Child: George Douglas
Place: Not Married[4]
Husband: Archibald Douglas
Wife: Beatrice de LINDSAY
Child: John Douglas
Child: William Douglas
Child: Eleanor Douglas
Date: ABT 1320[5]


Date: MAY 1384
Place: Douglas, Scotland
Source: #S171


Place: Melrose, Roxburghshire, Scotland
Source: #S171


  1. Source: #S4
  2. Source: #S4
  3. Source: #S4
  4. Source: #S4
  5. Source: #S4
  • "Royal Ancestry" 2013 Douglas Richardson Vol. III. p. 151
  • Johnston, George Harvey. "The Earls of Douglas." The Heraldry of the Douglases: With Notes on All the Males of the Family, Descriptions of the Arms, Plates and Pedigrees. Edinburgh: W. & A.K. Johnston, Limited, 1907. 14-15. Print.
  • Sir James Balfour Paul, Editor, 1906, The Scots Peerage, founded on Wood's edition of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland, Published by David Douglas, Edinburgh, Scotland


Text: This individual (or object) is the subject of an article or stub at Wikipedia.

More Genealogy Tools

Sponsored Search

Sponsored Search by Ancestry.com

DNA Connections
It may be possible to confirm family relationships with William by comparing test results with other carriers of his Y-chromosome or his mother's mitochondrial DNA. Y-chromosome DNA test-takers in his direct paternal line on WikiTree:

Have you taken a DNA test? If so, login to add it. If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA.

Login to post a comment.

On 21 Apr 2018 at 19:06 GMT Stephen McCallum wrote:

404 Marriage before birth

On 21 Apr 2018 at 16:40 GMT Stephen McCallum wrote:

404 Marriage before birth

On 25 May 2014 at 11:58 GMT Doug Straiton wrote:

I am not sure this still an active question. Eugene is correct here. William did marry Margaret of Mar. She was the sister of Thomas of Mar, the last of the Mormaers of Mar. When Thomas died in 1377 the estates of Mar passed to Margaret and thus to William and he became Earl of Mar before that of Douglas. This is mentioned here. However William also had an affair with Thomas' widow, Margaret Stewart, Countess of Angus and had certainly a son - George who inherits the Angus estates and likely a daughter Margaret who receives lands from her sister Isabel after Isabel becomes Countess of Mar. Most of this is covered on wikipedia.

On 18 Nov 2013 at 11:35 GMT Eugene Quigley wrote:

NO - there are three seperate women here. PLEASE do not merge them all together!!!

[Stewart Countess of Mar-1] & [Mar-34] can and should be merged into [Mar-17] This is his only wife. daughter of Domhnull of Mar.

[Stewart-1201] is a mistress

They are not the same person!!!

On 18 Nov 2013 at 01:37 GMT Brent Bowen wrote:

I suppose he may have married more than one Margaret; but, these seem to be the same person. Charge ahead to merge the 4. b

On 17 Nov 2013 at 21:42 GMT Tom Bredehoft wrote:

I notice that Margare (of Mar) is the mother of most of the children, but wasn't married until after most of them were born, two years after her desth. What's the story here?

William is 21 degrees from Mags Gaulden, 22 degrees from Dennis Wilson and 7 degrees from Henry VIII of England on our single family tree. Login to find your connection.