||W. E. B. (DuBois) Du Bois is a part of African-American history.|
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W. E. B. Du Bois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, and editor.
He was born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts, on 23 February 1868, the son of Alfred Dubois and Mary Silivina Burghardt. The birth record gives the child's name as William E. Dubois A. and names his parents as Alfred and Mary Dubois, natives (respectively) of "San Domingo, Hayti" and Egremont (Massachusetts). Alfred was a barber.
In about 1932, he sketched a genealogical pedigree for himself, his daughter, and his grand-daughter. He identified his father as Alfred Du Bois, whose father Alexander Du Bois had a white father, Dr. James Du Bois, and a mulatto mother. He showed James Du Bois as a descendant of the French Huguenot Louis Du Bois, but did not show a line of descent from him. He showed his mother, Mary Burghardt, as daughter of Othello Burghardt, granddaughter of Jack Burghardt, a Negro man, great-granddaughter of Tom Burghardt, a Negro man who served as a Revolutionary War soldier, and great-great granddaughter of a "Slave of Dutch." He showed Mary's mother as Sarah Lampman, a Dutch mulatto.
W. E. B. Du Bois was married to Nina Gomer in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, on 12 May 1896. According to the marriage record, W. E. B. was 28 years old, born in Barrington, Massachusetts, a son of Alfred DuBois and Mary Burghardt. He was a resident of Wilberforce, Ohio, and a "Teacher Prof of Latin." Nina was a resident of Cedar Rapids and was born in Quincy, Illinois, a daughter of C. S. Gomer and Jeanette Pease, and she was to be 26 years old at her next birthday. It was the first marriage for both. Both bride and groom were described as "Color: Black" and "Race: African." Witnesses to the marriage were C. S. Gomer and Winnifred Gomer.
The 1910 U.S. Census recorded William E. Du Bois, 42, in ward 1 of Atlanta, Georgia, with wife Nina G. Du Bois, 38, and daughter Nina Y. Du Bois, 9. William was born in Massachusetts to a father born in Connecticut and a mother born in Massachusetts. He worked as a teacher in a university. Nina G. was born in Illinois to a father born in Michigan and a mother born in Germany. She and William were both in their first marriage and had been married 14 years; she had had two children, of whom only one was living. Daughter Nina Y. was born in Massachusetts to a father born in Massachusetts and a mother born in Illinois. All were recorded as mulatto.
The 1920 U.S. Census recorded 51-year-old Wm E B Du Bois in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, with his 44-year-old wife Nina G Du Bois and 19-year-old daughter Nina Y. Du Bois. All were recorded as mulatto. According to the census sheet, Wm Du Bois was born in Massachusetts to parents born in Massachusetts. William was a magazine editor; he owned their home. Nina Y. had attended school within the year.
The New York State Census of 1925 recorded him as Burghardt Du Bois, 56, living at 606 St. Nicholas in Manhattan, with wife Nina Du Bois, 53, and daughter Nina Yolande Du Bois, 24. All were U.S. natives and described as colored. Burghardt was a magazine editor and Nina Yolande was at college.
The 1930 U.S. Census recorded 62-year-old William Du Bois, a magazine editor, on West 150th Street, in Manhattan, New York, with wife Nina G. Du Bois, 55, and daughter Nina Y. Du Bois, who was 29, divorced, and a public school teacher. All were described as Negro. William was born in Massachusetts to parents born in Massachusetts. He had been 28 at his first marriage; his wife Nina was 20 at her first marriage.
Fact: Burial Du Bois Memorial Centre , Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana
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